Ancient Greece Coloring bookBy: MYP1: Katie, Amber, Nick, Martina, And Christina
Greek religions and mythologyAlthough the ancient Greeks were very religious, they did not follow a strict set of rules as most modernreligions do today. The ancient Greeks only prayed to the gods that they found most useful, whether itwas just at the moment or always.Some of the Greek gods that they worshiped were: Poseidon, Zeus, Aphrodite, Athena, and Hades.Poseidon was the god of the sea and everything that is in it. Zeus was the god of the sky and ruler of allthe gods. Hades was the god of the underworld and was in charge of making sure that the souls passedsafely in to the underworld. Athena was the goddess of wisdom and battle strategy. She preferred to stayout of the arguments that would brake on mount Olympus. Aphrodite was the goddess of beauty and love.Poseidon Athena Zeus Aphrodite
The ancient Greeks prayed to each god or goddess in a different way. If you were praying to asky god like the sea Zeus, they would have to be facing east. To pray to a sea god like Poseidon,they would have to be facing. To pray to a god in the underworld, like Hades, They had to haveboth palms facing downwards. However, most of the gods and goddesses were addressed byhaving their arms facing upwards towards the heavens.Each god and goddess had his or her own symbol that people could recognize them by. Forexample Athena’s symbols were the owl and the olive tree. Zeus’s symbols were the thunderbolt, eagle, and oak tree. Aphrodite’s symbols were the rose, dolphin, sparrow, ram, and dove.The symbols were very sacred to them and they got extremely angry if they were treated poorlyby people for fun.Eagle Owl RoseThe Greek gods were said to have lived on mount Olympus and were called the Olympians.These were the second set of gods, before them were the titans. The ancient Greeks used mythology to describe what we use science for today. For example,they said the sun rising in the morning and setting in the evening was Apollo, the Greek god ofprophecy, Intellectual pursuit, music, healing, plague, and the sun, caring the sun in goldenchariot across the sky. The ancient Greeks used mythology to tell many things like how the dayturned to night, how the world began, how the seasons changed and how they began, amongmany other things.
Education and schoolingCompared to today’s schooling system, schooling was in ancient Greece was unfair because boyswere the only ones who were allowed to go to school, but the ancient Greeks thought that it wasfair because that was their way of life back then. The girls were expected to help their motherswith chores around the house or not far from home, and then when they have reached the writeage, get married off to a man. It was because of this that the ancient Greeks didn’t allow the girlsto go to school. The only ways that girls could learn to read and write, although it was rare, wasif their mother knew how to read and write and then could teach their daughter or daughters.The boys schooling system was split up into three schools. Atthe first school, they were taught reading, writing, andarithmetic’s by a teacher called a grammatistes. At the secondschool, they were taught the art of poetry and music by ateacher called a Kitharists. At the third school, they weretaught dancing and athletics by a teacher called a Paidotribes.School began at the age of seven but it was not free education.Most of the boys that were able to go to school only got thebasic education. Richer boys were able to stay in school longerand could stay until the age of eighteen.Higher educationFrom the 5th century BC, teachers called Sophist travelled from city to city training young men inthe art of speech. FestivityFestivals were not held just to compete or to have a good time, but they were an important part ofworshiping gods. Festivals in Ancient Greece occurred every year, or every two, four or eveneight years. As I said before most of them had something to do with Greek gods. In Athens alonethere were 60 days in a year set aside for festivals. That would be cool if we had 60 days set forjust festivals in Barbados.
In your home Country there are Festivals, In Ancient Greece there were very popular festivals.There were many festivals and among them there was the Theatre Festival was part of the springFestival. They are basically joined together. The theatre Festival was a festival CelebratingDrama in Greece, an interesting fact is that Drama was invented In Athens, Greece for part of thespring festival honored for God Dionysus. At the time of Pericles, the city’s semicircular theatrecould hold over 10,000 people, and performances were held once a month. These events began atdawn and lasted the whole day, with several plays being performed, they must have been happywhen the festival was over. There were serious dramas called: tragedies, and boisterous oftenvulgar plays known as comedies. In a tragedy, three actors played all various speaking roles, andchanged their masks.List of Major Festivals: 1) Anthersia was the festival of Dionysus and the new wine held in the spring of Athens. 2) Greater Dionysia was also celebrated in Athens in the spring to honor Dionysus and had drama competitions and general merry making that lasted over a day. 3) Lenaea was a festival of comedy in January which had drama competitions. 4) Rural Dionysian was celebrated in December in areas outside Athens. It included drama competitions, songs, dances and feasts. Something I’d enjoy 5) The Thargelia festival occurred in May and celebrated Apollo and the new harvest. 6) The Pyanopsia was a bean festival in October which honored Apollo and the Horae, goddesses of the seasons. With an offering of bean stew. There you go that is Greek Festivals for you! If you want to learn more SEARCH IT, you’d besurprised how amazing Ancient Greece was.
Ancient Greek ClothingMenIn ancient Greece, men wore tunics, sleeveless dress-like cloth made of wool or linen. They liked to wearthem one-shouldered, and if it was cold they wore awool chlamys, or cloak. The tunics were usually knee-length or shorter, but occaisonally worn ankle length. Women Women wore one large piece of wool or linen, pinned and wrapped various ways to make them stay. These were called chitons. Chitons were worn by both women and teenagers. If the wearer was rich, they would be dyed in many beautiful colors.
How to make a chitonThis was the most fashionable way to pin the chiton. First, you would wrap the cloth around youover one shoulder and pin it in place. Then, you would take the piece pinned around yourshoulder, and pin it on the other side to form two straps. The left side of the dress was keptclosed with a leather or rope belt.
War fairThe ancient Greek city state fought each other over land and trade. Sparta had a full time armybut the others city states trained free born men to fight and called them up in times war. InAthens, men aged between 20 and 50 had to defend their state whenever necessary. Greeks whocould afford horses usually joined the Calvary but most surveyed as foot soldier’s calledhoplites. OlympicsIn 776 bc the ancient Greeks held the first athletic competitions at Olympia, an area sacred to thegod Zeus. They started having these competitions every 4 years. Men from all over Greececompeted for the honor of their city-state. At first the ancient Olympics was just a one dayrunning event. It later developed into a five daycompotation in running, jumping, wrestling andjavelin throwing. The winner was awarded anolive crown to where upon his head.