Literature review


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  • The Literature Review is a discussion of your knowledge of the research related to your topic of study. It is not a study-by-study, or article-by-article, rendering! The Literature Review should provide the reader with a foundation for the study.
  • Literature review

    1. 1. Review of the Related Literature Organizing & Writing a Literature Review
    2. 2. The Literature Review is… • A discussion of your knowledge about the topic under study • A discussion of your knowledge that is supported by the research literature • A foundation for the study
    3. 3. The Literature Review is not… • A study-by-study, or article-by-article, description of studies previously done • A re-statement of the studies previously done • A brief overview of articles
    4. 4. Reviewing the Literature  Begin with a search of the available literature  Critically analyze each article (study) you select  Organize the review with an outline  Write the review  Summarize the review  Using the literature, present a rationale for your study
    5. 5. Critically Analyzing the Literature Abstract the author’s description of the study related to your area of interest? conclusions relevant? Statement of the Problem restate the topic problem stated clearly? purpose? significance? Hypothesis or Research Question(s) Clearly stated? Relevant? Related to your area of interest? Assumptions Explicit assumptions? Implicit assumptions Similar to yours?
    6. 6. Critically Analyzing the Literature Delimitations How was the study narrowed? Which considerations are relevant to your study? Definitions Key concepts & terms?
    7. 7. Critically Analyzing the Literature Method research design? population & sample? measurement? procedures? Findings make sense? what do they say about your area of interest? Discussion Presented clearly? Meaningful interpretations? Implications discussed? Suggestions or recommendations? Limits to practical application? Conclusion What did you learn? Re-state your new knowledge
    8. 8. Organizing the Literature Search: the Tree Diagram subtopic Topic subtopic subtopic subtopic subtopic subtopic subtopic
    9. 9. Tree Diagram Example Home visits Academic achievement Homework assistance Home-school communication Parent involvement volunteerism barriers Teachers’ beliefs Involvement in decision making
    10. 10. Tree to Outline Format: Home Visits I. Home-school Communication II. Academic Achievement III. Parent Involvement A. Barriers to parent involvement IV. Volunteerism A. Barriers to volunteerism Look! An example!
    11. 11. Writing the Literature ReviewWriting the Literature Review  Always begin with an introduction to the review & end with a summary  Make the connection for the reader between the subtopics & the topic  Use direct quotations infrequently  Always cite your sources  Present your knowledge on the topics & subtopics  Summarize each subtopic  Include a transition paragraph from one subtopic to the next
    12. 12. •Reiterate the research problem •Introduce the sub- topics Introduction Example paragraph 1 The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of poor coordination on the effective delivery of consultant services. •Effective organiza- tional structures •Service coordination practices •Consultants’ profes- sional support needs Example paragraph 2 Organizing the Literature Review
    13. 13. First Subtopic Discussion should in- clude: • How is the subtopic connected to the problem? • Your knowledge, based on the literature you have studied • Specify subtopics (if any) • Summary & transition •Mission & Pur- pose •Goals & objectives (planning) •Task units So, given all that, yaddah, yaddah, it is important to note the role of… Effective Organizational Structures In order for the coor- dination of services to be effective, a struc- ture must exist within which service units are organized and can operate. Yaddah, yaddah, yaddah… Long range strategic planning characterizes organizations with ef- fective internal struc- tures (Brown, 1997). Key to such an effort is the identification of…
    14. 14. Writing Use APA style & format Have your work proofread before submitting Follow all format guidelines Must be a thorough review, reflected by the depth of the discussion Should begin prior to the implementation of the study