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Poverty and illetracy.

Published in: Education


  1. 1. POVERTY
  2. 2. GROUP MEMBERS Nida Mubarak 12051511-014 Maryam Rehman 12051511-021 Ayesha Arif 12051511-042 Uzma Ijaz 12051511-004
  3. 3. TOPICS • • • • • Introduction Types Causes Effects Solution
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION • A state or condition in which a person or community lacks the financial resources and essentials to enjoy a minimum standard of life and well-being that's considered acceptable in society. • For example a person may not have enough money to pay his bills.
  5. 5. Family break up Large families Born poor Early parenthood Bad area to live in Unemployment Bad nourishment Cycle Of Poverty ill health Misses school Criminal record Criminality for money Less qualified Low paid, difficult work
  6. 6. TYPES • • • • Income Poverty Non income Poverty Situational Poverty Generational Poverty
  7. 7. INCOME POVERTY It happens when a household takes in less income. This means that people will not have enough food or medicine and they will have poor clothes and houses. Income poverty is due to people not having access to money or other assets. If people do not have any other assets like land to grow their own food, then income poverty can result in stunted growth and early death.
  8. 8. NON INCOME POVERTY It happens when people may have a little bit of money but otherwise the quality of their life is not good. They do not have access to affordable social and physical services (schooling, health care, medicines, safe water, good sanitation, good transport) and they may not feel safe in their homes either because they cannot trust the authorities or because they belong to some particularly vulnerable group.
  9. 9. SITUATIONAL POVERTY Poverty is defined as the situation wherein one is extremely poor. Situational poverty occurs when an individual or a group suddenly faces poverty because of external circumstances and is usually a temporary situation. There are a number of reasons for situational poverty to emerge, but some of the most common are: divorce, death of a spouse, unexpected health expenses, and the loss of a job.
  10. 10. GENERATIONAL POVERTY Generational poverty refers to the ongoing poverty that is passed down from parent to child. In economics, this is sometimes called the cycle of poverty.
  11. 11. CAUSES • Lack of Education The literacy rate of Pakistan is very low. Most of people do not have any concept about the modern earning sources. Most people are unable to adopt technology for their business needs, that’s why business don’t meet international standards and results as decrease in revenue which lead the society to poor financial conditions. • Unemployment Unemployment is the major cause of poverty. Unemployment means no source of income and result is poverty. Rate of unemployment is 5.5 %, 16 % is underemployed and 20 % is disguised unemployed in Pakistan.
  12. 12. • Materialism In our society social bonding are gradually becomes thinner and thinner. A race of material object has been started even no one tried to understand the problems of others. People are not ready to help each other. At last every one has lose his trust on others which effect our social and economic system and it is another cause of poverty. • Low Rate of Capital Formation Rate of capital formation in Pakistan is very low. Low rate of capital formation means low opportunities of employment, low level of productivity and deficit in balance of payment that leads to poverty. Rate of capital formation is just 5 % and it should be more than 20 %.
  13. 13. • Improper Income Distribution Imbalanced distribution of resources is an additional cause of poverty in Pakistan. This situation leads to increase the gap between rich and poor. Due to undesirable distribution of income and wealth, poor population is unable to take part in economic activities to remove poverty. • Inflation High rate of inflation is an extra reason for poverty. Due to inflation much amount of money is not enough to purchase much amount of goods and services. Inflation decreases the savings and investments of poor people and they remain poor. Rate of inflation is 13.3 %.
  14. 14. EFFECTS • A problem of unemployment become a commonplace in newspapers to blame poverty of fueling terrorism by creating a state of misery and frustration that pushes people to join terrorist organizations. • Poor families experience much more stress than middle-class families. Besides financial uncertainty, these families are more likely to be exposed to series of negative events and “bad luck,” including illness, depression, eviction, job loss, criminal victimization.
  15. 15. • Homelessness, or extreme poverty, carries with it a particularly strong set of risks for families, especially children. Compared to children living in poverty but having homes, homeless children are less likely to receive proper nutrition and immunization. Hence, they experience more health problems. • Diseases are more widely spread because poor people cannot afford hygienic foods and pure drinking water which is much expensive.
  16. 16. SOLUTIONS • The guarantee of shelter, healthcare, education, food and drinking water as basic human rights that must be provided free to all by the government. • Providing Health care and education to all and sundry. • Controlling overpopulation • Government should reduce the rate of tax . • Providing more employment (job) oppurtunities to the citizens. • Giving good pay causing an increase in personal income of the citizens.
  17. 17. • Government should provide more facilities to investors to increase the investment to reduce the unemployment. • Development of agriculture and industrial sector will reduce the poverty in Pakistan.