Anatomy 1 st lec 2009

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Anatomy 1 st lec 2009

  1. 1. 1/01/1431
  2. 2. 1/01/1431
  3. 3. 1/01/1431
  4. 4. Introduction Dr : Sherif Mohammed Zaki Assistant professor of anatomy Faculty of medicine Cairo university
  5. 5. Anatomy Ana : up • Tome: cut • Anatomy : to cut up • .to dissect : 1/01/1431
  6. 6. Objective Positions • Anatomical terms • Planes • Movements • General terms • 1/01/1431
  7. 7. Prone position 1/01/1431
  8. 8. Supine position 1/01/1431
  9. 9. Lithotomy position 1/01/1431
  10. 10. Erect anatomical :position Human body is regarded • .as standing erect .Eyes are looking forwards • Upper limbs are hanging • .by the sides .Palms are facing forwards • Thumbs are directed • .laterally 1/01/1431
  11. 11. Terminology 1/01/1431
  12. 12. Anterior q Posterior q 1/01/1431
  13. 13. Anatomical terms 1/01/1431
  14. 14. =Ventral q anterior Dorsal= q posterior 1/01/1431
  15. 15. Anatomical terms Superior q Inferior q 1/01/1431
  16. 16. Anatomical terms 1/01/1431
  17. 17. Anatomical terms Cranial q =superior Caudal q inferior= 1/01/1431
  18. 18. Anatomical terms 1/01/1431
  19. 19. 1/01/1431
  20. 20. Median -5 = exactly in the middle line or .median plane Medial -6= nearer to the median .plane Lateral -7= away from the median .plane
  21. 21. Proximal-8 nearer to the .root of the limb Distal -9 away from the root of .the limb
  22. 22. Superficial: -10towards the skin or the .surface of the body Deep: -11further away from the skin or the .surface of the body
  23. 23. Internal (inner) -12 = towards the cavity of .a hollowed organ External (outer) -13 = towards the surface .of a hollowed organ
  24. 24. 1/01/1431
  25. 25. Planes 1/01/1431
  26. 26. 1/01/1431
  27. 27. Planes :HORIZONTAL PLANE ,It is a transverse plane which runs horizontally :cutting the body into (Upper (superior q Lower (inferior) q .parts 1/01/1431
  28. 28. Planes MEDIAN :SAGITTAL) PLANE ) It is the vertical plane, • which passes in the middle line of the body dividing it longitudinally into right & left equal halves
  29. 29. Planes :CORONAL PLANE It is the plane, which cuts :the body vertically into an anterior part towards • the front of the body a posterior part towards • .the back of the body
  30. 30. 1/01/1431
  31. 31. 1/01/1431
  32. 32. General terms 1/01/1431
  33. 33. Skin • Fascia • Artery • Vein • Vessels • Bone • 1/01/1431 Joint •
  34. 34. Articulation • Ligament • Muscle • Tendon • Nerve • 1/01/1431
  35. 35. 1/01/1431

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