Disaster Prevention & Response in Geo-Informatics Field

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2012/10/04 Ritsumeikan University “Indonesia Government Disaster Prevention Training”

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Disaster Prevention & Response in Geo-Informatics Field

  1. 1. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project BOSAI-DRIP Disaster Prevention & Response in Geo-Informatics Field Hitoshi TaguchiNIED BOSAI-DRIP Social System Research Department National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention 2012/10/04 Ritsumeikan University “Indonesia Government Disaster Prevention Training” 1
  2. 2. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project About NIED (The National Research Institute for BOSAI-DRIP Earth Science and Disaster Prevention)  An independent administrative agency under the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology  “Raising the bar for disaster prevention science and technology by engaging in comprehensive activities concerning basic research and fundamental research development related to disaster prevention science and technology”  Staff: About 200 people (office staff + research staff)  Research facilities: Tsukuba City, Ibaraki Prefecture (headquarters); Nagaoka City, Niigata Prefecture; Shinjo City, Yamagata Prefecture; and Miki City, Hyogo Prefecture ●Organization - Monitoring/Forecasting Research Department Earthquake and Volcano Research UnitNIED BOSAI-DRIP Storm, Flood and Landslide Research Unit Snow and Ice Research Center - Experimental Research Department http: //www.bosai.go.jp ・Social System Research Department 2
  3. 3. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project “Risk Governance” BOSAI-DRIP − Social governance of risk through coordination with a diverse array of entities Vertical chain of command by public institutions - System related rigidity - Public resource restrictions - Homogeneity/Encapsulation - Reliance on specific specialization - Information operation/screening Coordination amongst a diverse array of entities - Risk externalization Weak towards the unforeseen - Initiative/Mobility - Lateral coordination - Usage of social resourcesNIED BOSAI-DRIP - Heterogeneity/Openness - Diverse array of value assessments -Fair risk bearing Adaptability to the unforeseen 3
  4. 4. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Today’s topics BOSAI-DRIP  Research on a framework construction to minimize disaster risk through the coordination of the entire society » “Disaster risk governance”  In order to coordinate the entire society, the extent to which important information can be shared, distributed, and made so that anyone can use it is essential. » In particular, the sharing and distribution of geospatial informatics is important.  Case examples of aftermath control by focusing on the sharing of geospatial information 1. Operation tests on aftermath control through the coordination of and information sharing between residents and local government 2. Case example of satellite image sharing for the Haiti earthquakeNIED BOSAI-DRIP 3. Disaster area information support for the Great East Japan Earthquake • Aftermath control support by local government • Disaster volunteer centers support, etc. 4
  5. 5. NIED BOSAI-DRIPNational Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Sharing Technology Geospatial Information5 BOSAI-DRIP
  6. 6. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Usage of Different Kinds of Geospatial Informatics for Aftermath Control (ideal) BOSAI-DRIP  Geographic informatics system (GIS) ●Pre-disaster aerial photographs ●Post-disaster aerial photographs ●Maps ●Seismic intensity maps ●Tsunami damage areas ●Traffic information ●Detailed maps ●Mobile phone usable areas ●Shelter mapsNIED BOSAI-DRIP Combination and secondary usage of various forms of geospatial informatics concerning disasters from research institutions, academic groups, and the private sector 6
  7. 7. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project To use different kinds of geospatial information BOSAI-DRIP  Share different kinds of geospatial informatics owned by many different places through a framework that facilitates mutual communication = Environment of interoperability among dispersed sources  Use an internationally standardized data distribution interface (API, etc.) as a geospatial information sharing method » The entities that own the data are each responsible for releasing their own data Geospatial Informatics GIS software National institutions via an international standard Local governments, etc. (WebGIS or desktop format) Research institutions Universities One single overall database does not exist. WMS: Web Mapping Service (ISO-19128) Users extract the information they want whenNIED BOSAI-DRIP International standard WFS: Web Feature Service (ISO-19142) data interfaces WCS: Web Coverage Service (ISO-191xx) they want and use it in combinations or WPS, SOS, OLS, KML, SVG Map, etc. engage in secondary usage! » Example: This is the same concept as participants from various countries at an international meeting communicating in English. Using English allows you to speak with a large scope of different people. 7
  8. 8. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Necessity of a “Clearing House” BOSAI-DRIP  Because geospatial informatics exists in a dispersed state, users do not know where the information they need is located.  The existence of a clearing house that provides a comprehensive searching service from amongst a virtual collection of geospatial informatics (meta-data) is essential. Internet GIS software (2) Map search Meta-data DB (3) Search results Geospatial informatics clearing house (4) Use the map on a standard (1) Register Meta-data interface (JMP2.0 or ISO19115)NIED BOSAI-DRIP Aerial Detailed Tsunami flood Road traffic photographs maps area information 8
  9. 9. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project “e-Community map” and “Clearing House” BOSAI-DRIP  Web-GIS --- developed by NIED (open source) » Accesses the clearing house (search system for location information) and searches for geospatial informatics » Acquires and displays the searched geospatial information via a standard API. The user can then add the information to a map and print it out, share it, etc. The location, purpose, accuracy, Geospatial informatics etc. of the information is listed. Meta-data DB clearing house Meta-data registration Local government Users Shelter maps User’s information Environment of interoperability Among dispersed sources Private companies Mobile phone usage maps Road traffic usage mapsNIED BOSAI-DRIP Research institutions Tsunami flood areas Map from an external institution 9
  10. 10. NIED BOSAI-DRIPNational Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Case studies for aftermath control BOSAI-DRIP10
  11. 11. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Aftermath control with coordination/information sharing among residents and local government BOSAI-DRIP City Aftermath Control System (working title) (1) Information acquisition/dissemination Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Niigata Prefecture Transport and Tourism Information from staff River level information Flood simulation Landslide disaster danger area (2) (response status, etc.) Environment of Detailed ground elevation Information interoperability among integration Information from residents (flood outbreaks, etc.) dispersed sources Hazard maps, etc. (flood forecast areas/disaster prevention resources, etc.) Resident Action Support System (working title) Evacuation information (evacuation preparation information ・Evacuation advice ・Evacuation instructions Information from residents ・Shelter operation information) (flood outbreaks, etc.) (3) Judgment/Decisions Evacuation information Mayor (Shelter operation information)NIED BOSAI-DRIP Disaster Response Headquarters Residents Community inhabitants Fire Flood Ward Mayor Municipal Community groups, etc. Defense (neighborhood Internet employees Dept./ association head) Police Party 11
  12. 12. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Operation tests for disaster prevention training by local government BOSAI-DRIP Mitsuke City, Niigata Prefecture (July 7, 2010) Sanjo City, Niigata Prefecture (December 3, 2010)NIED BOSAI-DRIP 12
  13. 13. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Case study of satellite image sharing: Great Haiti Earthquake BOSAI-DRIPNIED BOSAI-DRIP Wikipedia Flickr by United Nations Development Programme http: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010 Haiti earthquake 13
  14. 14. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Supplying ALOS Images Taken During Great Haiti Earthquake via WMS BOSAI-DRIP One international standard method of sharing geospatial informatics Haiti earthquake outbreak (1/13 6:53) Release on a website Where does it go from here? Emergency monitoring via JAXA/ALOS Potential of (1/14 0:18) various services Experimental supply (1/15 22: 40) Usage via Geospatial informatics delivery server Google EarthNIED BOSAI-DRIP *Major satellite images/aerial Emergency WMS delivery photographs delivered by WMS: e.g. commencement ・JAXA/ALOS (1/15 23:22) ・SpotImage ・DigitalGlobe Usage via other ・GeoEye mapping systems ・NOAA Aerial 14
  15. 15. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Collaborative Mapping Project : OpenStreetMap (OSM) BOSAI-DRIP  The international community is creating a map usable without a license via collaborative mapping. » Volunteered Geographic Information (Goodchild, 2007) Call up geospatial informatics via a standard data distribution method Rules for stipulating source informationNIED BOSAI-DRIP Creator name appears Java OpenStreetMap Editor ( http: //josm.openstreetmap.de/) 15
  16. 16. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Collaborative mapping via satellite image sharing during the Haiti earthquake incident BOSAI-DRIP Users create maps collaboratively. Users Haiti damage map worldwide switch to the satellite images Haiti damage map created by they need, use that as a base, and create consolidating post damage maps. Information that differs between users. OpenStreetMap Person providing aftermath control Creation information Internet Information reference Aftermath control conducted juxtaposing Usage of satellite images damage maps and via standard interface (WMS) satellite images . OpenStreetMap Wikipage Satellite image access informationNIED BOSAI-DRIP Satellite image access information is listed on OpenStreetMap JAXA/ALOS Wikipage. GeoEye DigitalGlobe Spot Image (NIED distribution) Post-disaster satellite images 16
  17. 17. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project OpenStreetMap before and after the earthquake BOSAI-DRIP  Before the earthquake  After the earthquake (several days later)NIED BOSAI-DRIP OpenStreetMap (http: //www.openstreetmap.org/index.html) 17
  18. 18. NIED BOSAI-DRIPNational Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project 2011.3.11 http://www.flickr.com/photos/rinkratz/5517580640/in/photostream/ BOSAI-DRIP18
  19. 19. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Disaster Area Information Support for the Great East Japan Earthquake BOSAI-DRIP  Usage of an international standard method for sharing/distributing geospatial informatics to support information usage for aftermath control in the disaster area 1. ALL311: Great East Japan Earthquake coordination information platform » Construction of a usage environment for geospatial informatics and support system 2. Information support for disaster volunteer centers » Disaster volunteer center information support • Miyagi Prefecture and cities, towns, and villages in the prefecture 3. Support of aftermath control efforts by local government in disaster areas » Disaster certificate issuing support systemNIED BOSAI-DRIP • Rikuzentakata City, Iwate Prefecture and Otsuchicho, Iwate Prefecture » Rubble removal support • Kamaishi City, Iwate Prefecture 19
  20. 20. NIED BOSAI-DRIPNational Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project 1. ALL311: Great East Japan Earthquake Coordination Information Platform BOSAI-DRIP20
  21. 21. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project ALL311: Great East Japan Earthquake Coordination Information Platform BOSAI-DRIP  Task: Construction of an information sharing platform and support system to provide external support for the disaster area in the initial stage  Content  Collaboratively collected and organized information in the following categories • Map/geospatial informatics ► Construction of a system that collects geospatial information usable for disaster area support from external sources and delivers information via a standard API environment • Daily living information ► Traffic/transportation, nuclear power, evacuation, lifeline, relief money, health, individuals needing support, welfare support information • In addition, academic association information, restoration support information, earthquake/ tsunami/ landslide disaster relatedNIED BOSAI-DRIP information, etc.  Called for disaster area support using cooperation  Based on requests from the disaster area, called for information volunteers that use a geoinformatics system at the disaster area 21
  22. 22. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project ALL311: Great East Japan Earthquake Coordination Information Platform BOSAI-DRIP  Collected information and built support system to facilitate support to the disaster area from outside during the initial stageNIED BOSAI-DRIP http: //all311.ecom-plat.jp (updates discontinued) 22
  23. 23. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Achievement 1: Geospatial information for disaster area support BOSAI-DRIP  Collected geospatial information usable via an interoperable system interface (Such as WMS) for disaster area support  Using data supplied via coordination, geospatial information was made available via WMS » House maps, private sector post-disaster aerial photographs, Association of Japanese Geographers tsunami damage maps, etc. AIST (GEO Grid) Road conditions NTT-ME Collaborative mapping Geospatial Information Authority of Japan ・ASTER satellite images ・Honda Motor ・Pre/post disaster aerial ・OpenStreetMap ・Seismic intensity distribution ・Toyota photographs ・Google My Maps ・Post-disaster aerial photographs maps ・Miyagi Prefecture ・Road maps -Food service maps information -Evacuation maps, etc. JAXA (ALOS) Japan Meteorological Agency National Land Numerical ・"DAIICHI" satellite images ・weather information Information ・Public facilities, etc. Hazard maps NIED ・J-SHIS, etc.NIED BOSAI-DRIP Zenrin Geospatial information sharing Users can dynamically acquire the ・House maps AJG information they need at the scale ・Tsunami damage map environment they need, enabling combination (WMS, WFS, KML, etc. ) and secondary usage.  An information sharing platform was constructed with an international standard for distributing geospatial informatics and an environment facilitating disaster area support which uses that information was actualized. 23
  24. 24. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Example of Geospatial Information Combination (Road Information) BOSAI-DRIP  Car navigation company traffic record information, Miyagi road informationNIED BOSAI-DRIP Private sector and Geospatial Information Authority of Japan post-disaster aerial photograph combination 24
  25. 25. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Example of Geospatial Information Combination (Maps & Photographs) BOSAI-DRIP  Sharing of detailed maps and post-disaster aerial photographs from private sector companies Post-disaster aerial photographs ・Government (Geospatial Information Authority of Japan) ・Private sector (NTTME, Asia Air Survey, Kokusai Kogyo )NIED BOSAI-DRIP 25
  26. 26. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Equipment support from companies BOSAI-DRIP  Donated equipment » Combo printer-copier- scanner-faxes, plotters, communication terminals, laptops, software, etc.NIED BOSAI-DRIP From Yahoo! Japan PR Office Blog 26
  27. 27. NIED BOSAI-DRIPNational Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project 2. Disaster Volunteer Center Support BOSAI-DRIP27
  28. 28. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Disaster Volunteer Center Support BOSAI-DRIP  Subject » Miyagi Prefecture and social welfare councils of 13 cities, towns, and villages in the prefecture • Social welfare councils launch disaster volunteer centers after disaster outbreak.  Problem » There is no framework for disseminating information outside of the area and collecting, analyzing, and using geospatial informatics directly after earthquake outbreak.  Tasks » Construct an information platform (geoinformatics system and groupware) on a cloud environment prepared/constructed directly after earthquakeNIED BOSAI-DRIP » Conduct operation support in terms of information for disaster volunteer centers with the information volunteers who were gathered on ALL311 28
  29. 29. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Support System Construction BOSAI-DRIP  Supply to volunteer centers equipment donated via ALL311 such as PCs, communication cards, large format printers, combination printer-copier-scanner- faxes, and faxes  Construct information Platform (website + WebGIS) in a cloud environment and supply Equipment Quantity Details Volunteer center websites put online: Miyagi Prefecture, Sendai City, Ishinomaki City, Shiogama City, Kesennuma City, Kesennuma City Motoyoshi Branch, Natori City, Information Platform 14 locations Tagajo City, Iwanuma City, Higashimatsushima City, Watari-cho, Yamamoto-cho, Shichigahama-machi, and Minamisanriku-cho Communication approx. 50 Miyagi Prefecture VC and 17 city, town, and village VCs terminals units approx. 80 Laptops Miyagi Prefecture VC and 17 city, town, and village VCs units Laser combination Miyagi Prefecture VC , Kesennuma City VC , Ishinomaki City VC , printer-copier- 5 units Higashimatsushima City VC , and Iwanuma City VC scanner-faxesNIED BOSAI-DRIP Miyagi Prefecture VC , Kesennuma City VC , Ishinomaki City VC , Large format printers 6 units Higashimatsushima City VC , Iwanuma City VC , and Watari-cho VC Miyagi Prefecture VC , Kesennuma CityVC , Ishinomaki City VC , Faxes 5 units Higashimatsushima City VC , and Iwanuma City VC Other Numerous Printers, white boards, copy boards, partitions, etc. 29
  30. 30. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Information Platform usage BOSAI-DRIP Kesennuma City Miyagi VC Prefecture ←website (ecom VC Minamisanriku- groupware ): for PR cho VC Install group page for each VC Ishinomaki City VC ↓Geographic information system Shichigahama- (e-Com map): using geospatial machi VC informations Natori City VC Higashimatsushi ma City VC Sendai City VC http: //msv3151.c-bosai.jp/ Iwanuma City VC Tagajo City VC Shiogama City VCNIED BOSAI-DRIP Watari-cho VC Yamamoto-cho VC Allocate group page for each VC and enable information sharing & PC with communication card Large format plotter linkage between VCs 30

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