National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
NIED BOSAI-DRIPNational Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform P...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
NIED BOSAI-DRIPNational Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform P...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project	        ...
NIED BOSAI-DRIPNational Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform P...
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Development and application of a general-use mapping tool for relief and reconstruction activities after March 11

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Geoinformatics 2012, 6/15-17@Hong Kong
http://www.iseis.cuhk.edu.hk/GeoInformatics2012/Home.html

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Development and application of a general-use mapping tool for relief and reconstruction activities after March 11

  1. 1. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project BOSAI-DRIP Geoinformatics 2012 Development  and  applica/on  of  a  general-­‐use   mapping  tool  for  relief  and  reconstruc/on   ac/vi/es  a6er  March  11 Hitoshi Taguchi, Yuichiro Usuda, Tai-young Yi,NIED BOSAI-DRIP Yohei Sunaga, Hiroaki Tsubokawa, Toshinari Nagasaka National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (NIED) Tsukuba, Japan 1
  2. 2. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project 0.  Outline   BOSAI-DRIP 1.  Introduc1on   2.  Requirements  of  GIS  for  Disaster  Relief   3.  Case  study:  the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011   »  Used  GIS  and  Data   »  Disaster  Volunteer  Center  (Miyagi  Pref.)   4.  Discussions   5.  Conclusions  and  Future  works  NIED BOSAI-DRIP 2
  3. 3. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project 1.  Introduc1on BOSAI-DRIP n History  of  GIS  for  disaster  relief  in  Japan   Southern  Hyogo  Prefecture  Earthquake  (1995)   -­‐  Start  of  GIS  for  visualiza1on The  Mid  Niigata  Pref.  Earthquake  (2004)   -­‐  Aggregated  various  GIS  data The  Niigata  Pref.  Chuetsu-­‐oki  Earthquake  (2007)   -­‐  Created  thema1c  maps  by  GIS  experts  on  disaster  site  NIED BOSAI-DRIP n How  to  have  people  on  disaster  site  u1lize  various  geo-­‐ spa1al  data  and  GIS  for  disaster  relief?   »  We  propose  two  technical  requirements. 3
  4. 4. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project 2.  Requirements  of  GIS  for  Disaster  Relief BOSAI-DRIP 1.  Interoperability  of  GIS  data   »  Sharing  of  Geo-­‐spa1al  data,  both  within  and  across   organiza1ons,  depends  on  accepted  standard  I/F.     Standard I/F of GIS data services Internet International Standard I/F for GIS Data Image data …WMS: Web Mapping Service (jpg, png, gif,) (ISO-19128) Vector data …WFS: Web Feature Service (point, line, (ISO-19142) polygon) …WCS: Web Coverage Service Mesh data (ISO-191xx)   DisasterNIED BOSAI-DRIP site   GIS client »  If  agencies,  ins1tu1ons  and  companies  share  maps  on   interna1onal  standard  I/F,  users  on  disaster  site  can  overlay   many  kind  of  shared  maps  on  their  GIS.   4
  5. 5. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project 2.  Requirements  of  GIS  for  Disaster  Relief BOSAI-DRIP 2.  Web-­‐GIS  as  a  mapping  tool   »  Any  PC  ,which  is  linked  to  the  internet,  can  immediately  start  to  use  GIS.    »  Easy  to  remote  enhancement  and  maintenance,  from  non-­‐disaster  site.   »  General  func1ons  such  as  registra1on,  spa1al  or  a_ribute  query  and   prin1ng  are  required.     ………… ………… ……….. …………. Remote Supporter WMS WMS GIS on web browser Internet NIED BOSAI-DRIP KML Web-GIS A user on disaster site Server »  The  users  can  obtain  GIS  data  from  the  Internet  on  standard  I/F,  create   thema1c  maps  by  overlaying  shared  map  using  Web-­‐GIS. 5
  6. 6. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project 3.  Case  study:   BOSAI-DRIP  Great  East  Japan  Earthquake  (March  11,  2011) NIED BOSAI-DRIP n  h_p://www.flickr.com/photos/rinkratz/5517580640/in/photostream/ 6
  7. 7. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Web-­‐GIS BOSAI-DRIP n  “e-­‐Community  Map”  developed  by  NIED  (2009).   »  Developed  based  on  Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial (FOSS4G).   »  Provides  the  basic  func1ons  of  GI  and  Uses  interna1onal  standard  system   interfaces  for  GIS  data,  including  WMS,  WFS,  and  KML.   e-Community Map Government, Users - Mapping Institutes,NIED BOSAI-DRIP WMS, WFS, KML Companies, Internet 7
  8. 8. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project GIS  Data BOSAI-DRIP n  Searched  the  GIS  data  and  base  maps  for  thema1c  maps.     n  Some  agencies  and  companies  provided  raw  data,  while  other  data  was   obtained  in  WMS  or  KML  format.     AIST(GEO  Grid)   Road  Traffic   NTT   GSI   Geospatial information Authority ・Satellite  imagery   ・HONDA   ・Pre-­‐disaster  road  map   • Post  disaster  Aerial  Photo “ASTER”   ・Toyota   and  aerial  map   ・Earth  Quake   ・Miyagi  Pref. intensity  map JAXA(ALOS)   JMA   Japan Meteorological Agency ・OpenStreetMap   ・Sa_ellite  Imagery   ・Google  MyMap   ・Weather  informa1on  -­‐food  spot    -­‐evacua1on  map   The  Associa/on  of  Japanese  Geographers   ・Tsunami  damaged  area  map   Zenrin   ・Residen1al  map   NIED   Standard  I/F  of  GIS  data  on  Web   ・J-­‐SHIS (WMS,  WFS,  KML) NIED BOSAI-DRIP GIS The raw data was published on   WMS by authors.   n  Many  kinds  of  maps  were  published  that  users  could  access  immediately   through  an  interoperable  Web-­‐GIS 8
  9. 9. NIED BOSAI-DRIPNational Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project GIS  Data:  Residen1al  map  &  Aerial  photo BOSAI-DRIP 9
  10. 10. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project GIS  Support  at  Volunteer  Center  in  Miyagi  Pref.  (1/2) BOSAI-DRIP n  Disaster  volunteer  center  (VC)  in  Japan:     »  Run  by  local  governmental  social  welfare  council.   »  Dispatch  individual  volunteers  to  places  of  the  ci1zens  needs.     Accepting citizen’s needs, and volunteers. Showing a volunteer the place to go by map. n  Timeline  NIED BOSAI-DRIP »  Authors  went  to  Miyagi  Prefectural  social  welfare  council  at  14th  March.   •  Start  to  set  up  Web-­‐GIS  and  CMS,  recruit  volunteers  who  support  to  trea1ng   Web-­‐GIS  and  CMS.   »  Started  to  use  since  16th  March 10
  11. 11. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project GIS  Support  at  Volunteer  Center  in  Miyagi  Pref.  (2/2) BOSAI-DRIP Miyagi   Kesen-numa  VC Each  municipality’s  VC  has  …   Pref.  VC Minami- ←  Web  page SanrikuVC Each  VC  has  group  page  for   Ishinomaki  VC publicity. Shichigahama   ↓Web-­‐GIS   VC e-­‐Community  Map   Natori  VC Higashi- Matsushima  VC Sendai  VC http://msv3151.c-bosai.jp/ Iwanuma  VC Tagajou  VCNIED BOSAI-DRIP Shiogama  VC Watari  VC Yamamoto  VC The  CMS  (e-­‐community  group   Note-­‐PCs  and  data   communica1on  terminals Plo_ers  and  Printers ware)  has  group  web  pages. 11
  12. 12. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Early  phase:  Checking  on  damaged  areas  around  VC BOSAI-DRIP Tsunami  damaged  area   Pre  Aerial   Post  Aerial   Photo.   Photo.  NIED BOSAI-DRIP Road  traffic  map   Residen1al  map   Post  Aerial  Photo.   12
  13. 13. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Thema1c  Maps  Created  by  Each  VC BOSAI-DRIP No VCs Created  Maps  on  e-­‐Community  map Delivery  of  large  printed  maps  to  coastal  VCs,  management   1 Miyagi  Pref. of  Web-­‐GIS Evacua1on  center  map,  Meal  service  map,  Temporary   2 Ishinomaki housing  map,  Ra1oning(food)  service  map,  Volunteer-­‐ assistance  request  map 3 Shiogama Volunteer-­‐assistance  request    map Evacua1on  center  map,  Meal  service  map,  Temporary   4 Kesen-­‐numa housing  map,  Ra1oning(food)  service  map,  Volunteer-­‐ assistance  request  map 5 Tagajou -­‐ 6 Iwanuma Volunteer-­‐assistance  request  map,  Temporary  housing  map Higashi-­‐ 7 Landmark  map,  Volunteer-­‐assistance  request  map matsushima 8 Watari Landmark  map,  Volunteer-­‐assistance  request  map NIED BOSAI-DRIP 9 Yamamoto Safe-­‐areas  map Evacua1on  center  support  map,     10 Shichigahama Volunteer-­‐assistance  request  map 11 Minami-­‐sanriku Evacua1on  center  map 13
  14. 14. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Volunteer-­‐assistance  request  map BOSAI-DRIP n  Plo_ed  points  show  the  loca1ons  of  residents  that  have  requested  the   assistance  of  a  volunteer.   n  Managed  by  a_ribute  table  and  printed  map  for  non-­‐local  volunteers. Request Accepted Finished Continue Cancel NIED BOSAI-DRIP Showing  a  volunteer  the  place  to  go. 14
  15. 15. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Meal  service  map BOSAI-DRIP n  Plo_ed  points  show  the  loca1ons  of  meal  services   n  Meal  service  spots  had  been  adjusted  by  various  support  groups. NIED BOSAI-DRIP self-defense force 15
  16. 16. NIED BOSAI-DRIPNational Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Maps  at  VCs  and  evacua1on  centers BOSAI-DRIP 16
  17. 17. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project If  they  can  not  use  interoperable  GIS… BOSAI-DRIP n  Not  only  non-­‐usable  various  kind  of  maps,  such  as  post  disaster  aerial  photo,   but  also… NIED BOSAI-DRIP Difficult  to  link  between  Excel   table  and  plots  on  the  map.   Copy  -­‐>  Join  -­‐>  Copy   17
  18. 18. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project 4.  Discussion BOSAI-DRIP n  Effec1veness  of  interoperability  (standard  I/F  for  GIS  data)   »  E.G  1:  Star1ng  to  use  GIS  data  easily  and  immediately.   •  No  necessity  to  data  conver1ng,  re-­‐projec1on  and  layer  styling.   »  E.G  2:  Changed  aerial  photos  shielded  by  fire  smoke  to  non-­‐smoke  aerial   photos.   •  Easily  and  immediately  added  another  GIS  data  layer  and  switched.   »  E.G  3:  Overlaying  Tsunami  damaged  area  map  on  Residen1al  map  to   check  on  ci1zen’s  needs  for  the  volunteer  center.       •  Easily  overlaying  GIS  data  which  are  provided  by  different  sources.   n  Effec1veness  of  Web-­‐GIS   »  The  PC  was  pre-configured for connecting to the internet.  The  volunteer   center  could  immediately start  to  use  Web-GIS about  30min.   •  Easy  to  start  NIED BOSAI-DRIP »  Additional requests of  Web-­‐GIS  functions were developed and incorporated into the Web-GIS  immediately  and  remotely  by   supporters.   •  Easy  to  support   18
  19. 19. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Future  Research  &  Task BOSAI-DRIP n Integra1on  for  one  package   »  Not  only  a  Web-­‐GIS  with  the  requirements  proposed  in  this   study,  but  also  PC,  data  communica1on  terminals,  and  a   printer,  volunteer  and  a  programmer  should  be  integrated   for  one  package.   n Establishment  and  opera1ng  of  clearing  house   »  Various  kinds  of  GIS  data  were  published  on  the  Internet.   But,  meta-­‐data  of  the  GIS  data  were  not  aggregated.   n Sharing  created  thema1c  maps  on  standard  I/F  NIED BOSAI-DRIP »  If  created  thema1c  map  was  shared  by  VCs,  Support  group   from  outside  of  disaster  site  could  easily  u1lize  the  map  on   their  GIS  for  their  support. 19
  20. 20. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project 5.  Conclusions   BOSAI-DRIP n We  proposed  “Web-­‐GIS  with  interoperability”     »  A  web-­‐based  general  mapping  tool  &  interna1onal   standardized  I/F     n The  usefulness  of  the  proposed  technical  requirements   were  proved  through  the  Great  East  Japan  Earthquake.   Future  task    &  research  were  discussed.   n We want  to  offer suggestions to  various relevant agencies that  technical  requirements  become  NIED BOSAI-DRIP common,  before the next disaster strikes.   20
  21. 21. NIED BOSAI-DRIPNational Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Disaster Risk Information Platform Project Email:  tagchan@bosai.go.jp   BOSAI-DRIP Thank you for your attention!! 21

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