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  1. 1. Please write out the ENTIRE paragraph, filling in the blanks asyou go along.After the slaves were freed with the ____th Amendment, it wasstill necessary to make sure African-Americans were equal to theirwhite counterparts. The ____th Amendment said that formerslaves were citizens and were equal to the whites. But the whiteswere not ready for this. They made racial discrimination againstAfrican Americans legal with the ______ ______ laws. Inaddition, the Supreme Court Case Plessy vs. Ferguson made thedoctrine _______ but _______ a reality – as long as blacks hadequal facilities, it didn’t matter if they were separated from thewhites. This is known as ___________, or the separation orisolation of a race. African-Americans organized and formed theNAACP, also known as the National ___________ for theAdvancement of __________ People. It was the monumentalcase known as __________ vs. the ________ of ___________that said that separate is NOT equal and banned segregation inpublic education.
  2. 2. Objective: To examine the causes and effects of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Rosa Parks Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
  3. 3. How and What did Rosa protest?• On December 1, 1955, forty-three year old Rosa Parks boarded a Montgomery, Alabama city bus after finishing work as a tailors assistant at the Montgomery Fair department store.
  4. 4. How and What did Rosa protest?• As all black patrons were required to do, she paid her fair at the front of the bus and then re- boarded in the rear.
  5. 5. How and What did Rosa protest?• The bus became crowded and Rosa was ordered by the bus driver to give up her seat to a white passenger.• Rosa Parks remained in her seat. The bus driver again asked her to move, but she refused.
  6. 6. Arrest and the Montgomery Bus Boycott• The bus driver called the police and Parks was arrested for refusing to yield her seat to a white patron.• Mrs. Parks was found guilty of disorderly conduct and that led directly to the famous Montgomery Bus Boycott, which eventually led to the desegregation of buses throughout the United States. This ushered in a new era of the civil rights movement.
  7. 7. Dr. King: Listen to Dr. King and Ralph Abernat (1:53)· The NAACP, withthe help of ReverendMartin Luther King,Jr., organized a busboycott inMontgomery.· Without black riders,white owned buscompanies stood tolose a lot of money.The Rev. Ralph Abernathy and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.,from left, at a press conference. (May 26, 1963)
  8. 8. An empty bus passes by during the Montgomery Bus Boycott,1956.
  9. 9. · King was arrested, his house was bombed, yet the boycottcontinued.· Kinginsisted thathis followersfollow civildisobedience,or nonviolentprotestsagainstunjust laws. Martin Luther King, Jr., arrested, Montgomery, Alabama, 1958. (Photograph by Charles Moore)
  10. 10. A hard-won battle:· In 1956, the Supreme Court ruled that segregation on buseswas unconstitutional.· Therefore, the Montgomery bus company agreed to integratetheir buses and hire black bus drivers. Dr. King and his wife, Coretta, at the conclusion of the boycott.
  11. 11. Dr. King and Reverend Ralph Abernathyriding a bus on the first day fordesegregated buses inMontgomery, AL. (December 21, 1956)
  12. 12. ROSA PARKS, MLK, and LeadershipDivide your sheet of paper into 3 columns. Work with a partner or in a group of 3, but all of you must write down the answers in your composition bookMany people consider Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King to be leaders. • Column 1 - Label “Rosa Parks”: What are three characteristics that made Rosa Parks a leader? • Column 2 - Label “MLK”: What are three characteristics that made Martin Luther King a leader? • Column 3 - Label “_____”: Who do all three of you consider to be an important leader in your lives? What are 3 characteristics that make this person a leader? 4) On the bottom of the paper, write down how is this person similar or different from Rosa Parks and MLK? 5) On the bottom of the paper, write down how are leaders