Sachania Web 2.0 Economics Teaching


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The Use of Web 2.0 Technologies in Economics Teaching.
Bhagesh Sachania, Information Manager, HEA Economics Network. Abridged version of talk given at the Economics Dept, at University of Portsmouth, UK, 2009.

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  • Sachania Web 2.0 Economics Teaching

    1. 1. The Use of Web 2.0 Technologies in Economics Teaching* Bhagesh Sachania Information Manager Economics Network *& Research, Policy, Analysis and Public Engagement
    2. 2. What is Web 2.0? <ul><li>Umbrella term for a range of internet applications </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include blogging and various social network sites </li></ul><ul><li>Moving static to more dynamic web content </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage interaction between and within groups </li></ul><ul><li>User driven and strong emphasis on sharing </li></ul>
    3. 3. What We Will Cover <ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction/possible use in teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Bookmarking (Delicious) </li></ul><ul><li>Video (YouTube) </li></ul>
    4. 4. What We Can’t Cover: <ul><li>All the technical and related issues </li></ul><ul><li>New revised Guide to Using Blogs in Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Looks at software options, writing and managing content, risks, specific uses for Economics and the future for blogs </li></ul>
    5. 5. Blogs: Key Characteristics <ul><li>Journal format </li></ul><ul><li>Messages or posts </li></ul><ul><li>Links </li></ul><ul><li>Use of tags </li></ul><ul><li>Invite comments </li></ul><ul><li>Single or multiple </li></ul><ul><li>Personal </li></ul><ul><li>Departmental/Institutional/Corporate </li></ul>
    6. 6. Blogs: Key Characteristics <ul><li>Ease of use </li></ul><ul><li>Non-technical </li></ul><ul><li>Customisable </li></ul><ul><li>Accessible </li></ul><ul><li>Increasingly a social/networking activity </li></ul>
    7. 7. Blogs: Educational Uses <ul><li>Online teaching resources/research interests </li></ul><ul><li>Course web page </li></ul><ul><li>Online discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Group blog </li></ul>
    8. 8. Blogs: Examples <ul><li>Teaching blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Economics blog aggregators </li></ul><ul><li>Economics podcast blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Individual academic blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Group blogs </li></ul>
    9. 9. Pedablogy by Steve Greenlaw <ul><li>Excellent US blog on Economics teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on the use of technology in teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Useful archive going back to 2005, as well as current commentary </li></ul>
    10. 10. Economics Roundtable <ul><li>Aggregator site of over 120 Economics blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Can view latest posts, explore links to individual blogs and get a feel for what is happening in the Economics blogosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Good for identifying blogs in your specific subject area, but lots of posts to read / </li></ul>
    11. 11. Palgrave Econolog <ul><li>Aggregates content from Economics blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Filters posts into: reviews of papers, conference reports, original research and everything else </li></ul><ul><li>Zeitgeist and Hot Topics features pick out trends in the Economics blogosphere </li></ul>
    12. 12. EconTalk <ul><li>Part of the Library of Economics and Liberty website </li></ul><ul><li>Features extended audio interviews with Economists and others </li></ul><ul><li>New interviews added every week </li></ul>
    13. 13. Economics in Action <ul><li>Part of the Why Study Economics initiative from the Economics Network </li></ul><ul><li>Aimed at encouraging broader understanding of Economics, especially among prospective University students </li></ul><ul><li>Films, audio interview and articles aimed at a popular audience </li></ul>
    14. 14. Greg Mankiw’s Blog <ul><li>Supports his teaching at Harvard and his commonly used textbooks </li></ul><ul><li>Uses the blog to keep in touch with current / former students and discuss current topics </li></ul>
    15. 15. Robert Reich’s Blog <ul><li>Former Secretary of Labor in the Clinton administration, now teaching at Berkeley </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive comments on current economic policy issues that are also accessible to the general reader </li></ul><ul><li>Supplements his many TV and radio appearances </li></ul>
    16. 16. VOX <ul><li>Not a blog but a policy portal to analysis and commentary on economic issues </li></ul><ul><li>Good example of collaborative writing increasing impact </li></ul><ul><li>Articles aimed at a level between journalism and academic journals </li></ul><ul><li>Produced by the Centre for Economic Policy Research – also includes audio </li></ul>
    17. 17. Crooked Timber <ul><li>Another example of a group blog </li></ul><ul><li>Covers a range of Social Sciences subjects, including Economics </li></ul><ul><li>One of the few sites where you can learn as much from the comments as from the original blog posts </li></ul>
    18. 18. What’s Changed <ul><li>More portal sites, aggregators and group blogs for Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer teaching blogs as more material brought into VLEs </li></ul>
    19. 19. What’s Changing <ul><li>Greater integration of other Web 2.0 content into blogs from YouTube videos, Delicious links and other applications </li></ul><ul><li>US stranglehold on the Economics blogosphere will slowly be broken </li></ul>
    20. 20. Activity 5: (Social) Bookmarking <ul><li>Create a delicious account </li></ul><ul><li>Add a bookmark form your previous list </li></ul>
    21. 21. Uses <ul><li>Excellent way of sharing and managing all your bookmarks </li></ul><ul><li>Find out what other people have been viewing: bhageshsachania </li></ul><ul><li>Choose what to share </li></ul><ul><li>Who to share with </li></ul><ul><li>Potential for collaboration (learning/research) </li></ul>
    22. 22. What is YouTube? <ul><li>Number one video sharing site on the Internet, top 10 of all Internet sites </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 40% share of online video market - if it's not on YouTube, it doesn't exist? </li></ul><ul><li>Viewers watch 10's of millions of videos each and every day </li></ul><ul><li>Vast majority of videos are &quot;user generated content&quot; - made by people like you and me </li></ul>
    23. 23. A YouTube profile can <ul><li>Upload videos </li></ul><ul><li>Assemble videos into playlists with their own URL </li></ul><ul><li>Recommend videos to other people </li></ul><ul><li>Subscribe to video providers (e.g. Nobel Foundation) </li></ul>
    24. 24. What you need (1) <ul><li>Camera – Flip £90 on Amazon </li></ul><ul><li>Video editing software (Movie Maker/ iMovie) – no charge </li></ul><ul><li>Account on YouTube or other video sharing site – no charge </li></ul><ul><li>Consider a dedicated laptop </li></ul><ul><li>May need a firewire cable or interface if getting a higher-spec camera </li></ul>
    25. 25. What you need (2) <ul><li>Something to say! </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube is a community website, be prepared to engage </li></ul><ul><li>You don't have to have to be the BBC - it's a world of webcams </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps you'd prefer to be Tim Harford instead </li></ul>
    26. 26. Example: Economics Network <ul><li>Uploading student videos </li></ul><ul><li>Playlists </li></ul><ul><li>Recommending Oxford Brookes student presentation videos </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring other providers </li></ul>
    27. 27. Educational Uses <ul><li>Distance learning </li></ul><ul><li>Supplementary lectures (e.g. maths skills, presentation skills) </li></ul><ul><li>Contextualising an issue, e.g. old news footage </li></ul><ul><li>Perspectives for students to examine critically (news coverage, activist videos, TED lectures) </li></ul><ul><li>Screen capture (e.g. demonstrating software) </li></ul><ul><li>Short humour items to break up a long lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Student video assignment? </li></ul>
    28. 28. Audience feedback <ul><li>“ Inspired and emotional. I go all teary-eyed watching this.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ This guy makes Statistics much more fun. I am speechless to him, a truly amazing guy. </li></ul><ul><li>“ This is absolute mastery, I'm awed.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Educational talk, yet innovative enough to stick in your mind forever.. Sticky Statistics!!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I love this man. What I like most of him is the hope in a better future he gives with the strength of solid arguments.” </li></ul>
    29. 29. Finding more videos (1) <ul><li>Findability on YouTube is awful - try the Education section, try searching for Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Video can't be indexed in the same way as text - relies on user input / metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Third parties can help to get beyond the what's popular / new lists </li></ul>
    30. 30. Finding more videos (2) <ul><li>Intute Social Sciences </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Economics Network video index </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Subscribe to EN’s YouTube profile </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    31. 31. SlideShare - what is it? <ul><li>Upload PowerPoint presentations so they are freely available online </li></ul><ul><li>Easily embeddable in other services e.g. blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Add an mp3 soundtrack / narration and sync it with the slides </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube for PowerPoint </li></ul><ul><li>Community features such as tags, comments, favourites, related SlideCasts etc. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    32. 32. SlideShare - an example <ul><li>Initially presented to 25 people at the DEE conference in 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Now viewed over over 1300 times, downloaded over 50 times, embedded in 5 other websites </li></ul><ul><li>Adding an audio track makes a SlideShare much more useful </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    33. 33. SlideShare - possible uses <ul><li>Disseminating lecture material for revision purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss lecture material using the comments feature to aid understanding </li></ul><ul><li>As a student assignment assessing virtual presentation skills </li></ul><ul><li>Find other presentations on your topic - save reinventing the wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Building up a body of resources over time on a particular topic </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing together conference / seminar materials using a common &quot;tag&quot; </li></ul>
    34. 34. Stephen Kinsella <ul><li>Great example of using a blog for teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Uses polls, lecture videos and short articles to support each lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Brings together content from a range of Web 2.0 sites – Twitter , Delicious , SlideShare etc. </li></ul>
    35. 35. Advice and Information <ul><li>Start with a hosted service </li></ul><ul><li>Have a clear idea about what to produce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: personal web page, research blog, course outline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Build it into your work routine, so it’s not an extra job </li></ul>
    36. 36. Intute <ul><li>Intute: Social Sciences - a guide to the best of the web for education and research </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1000 high quality economics Internet resources </li></ul>
    37. 37. Economics Network <ul><li>Economics Network </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Bookmarks and presentation will be available on </li></ul>