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  1. 1. Post- Modernism prefix which time of belief in means “after” an absolute universal truth = after the timeof belief in an absolute universal truth
  2. 2. Modernism PostmodernismIndustrial Revolution Period of mass media Laments Celebrates fragmentation fragmentation Works of art can Works of art cannotprovide meaning to provide meaning to the world the meaningless worldLearn things to know Learn things to use them them
  3. 3. Failure of Industrial Revolution,WWII and Poverty (1900-1940s)Revolt against dehumanization of industrialismSense that Western culture had lost its bearings & values
  4. 4. 0Failure of Industrial Revolution,WWII and Poverty (1900-1940s)Exposure of hypocritical moralism of ChristianityPopularization of Charles Darwin’s evolutionary theory
  5. 5. The Year of Student Revolution (1968)Architectural student rebellion against modernist teachers “Break the rules! Mix up styles! Play with space! Defy gravity if you like!”
  6. 6. Space Race (1950s)Identity Movements: Feminism and Black Power (1960s)Beatles (1963)
  7. 7. JFK Assassination (1963)Culture Wars: Debates over Canonical Inclusion (1980s)Release of Michael Jackson’s Thriller (1983)
  8. 8. “Postmodernism is incredulity towards Meta-narratives.” Jean-Francois Lyotard,The Postmodern Condition (1979)
  9. 9. There is no true worldview.Knowledge is the result of culture and language.Reality is from our individual interpretation.Notions regarded as universal are mere social constructs.
  10. 10. Deconstruction by Jacques DerridaTexts are incapable of conveying truth about objective realityReleased text ends the author’s ownership
  11. 11. Iconoclasm: anti-cultural standardsGroundless: anti-final interpretationFormlessness: anti-influential metaphorPopulism: anti-restriction
  12. 12. CONSUMER CAPITALISMGlobal economyOutsourcing and free trade agreementsDecline in manufacturingRise in unemploymentIncrease in part-time flexible and home working
  13. 13. LIMITLESSNonlinearityMultiplestyles, multiple goalsSeemingly disjointedInfluence of digital technology
  14. 14. Marilyn Monroe by Andi Warhol
  15. 15. Playing with Gods by Morimura Yasumasa
  16. 16. How Mali Lost Her Accent by Pacita Abad
  17. 17. Cocktail Party by Sandy Skoglund
  18. 18. Wrapped Trees
  19. 19. BOLD AESTHETICSStyles collideNew ways of viewing familiar stylesArtists call attention to their environment rather than to themselves
  20. 20. Guggenheim Museum by Frank Gehry
  21. 21. Dancing House by Vlado Milunic
  22. 22. DG Bank Building by Hans Schober
  23. 23. Royal Ontario Museum by William Thorsell
  24. 24. Food Theater Café by Daniel Libeskind
  25. 25. MULTICULTURALISMBreakdown of cultural boundariesDiscussing sex is not a tabooCan be in any religion and still recognize others
  26. 26. King of Talk Boy AbundaKarl Lagerfeld for Chanel Playboy Gay Marriage Baz Luhrman’s Romeo and Juliet Barack Obama
  27. 27. HYPERREALITYMore real than reality itselfReality as entertainmentRefers to other texts and assumes familiarityEmphasis on image and style rather than meaning
  28. 28. The Matrix Homer Simpson as Da Vinci’s Human BodySpiderman Kiss in Shrek Reality TV
  29. 29. Madonna Lady Gaga
  30. 30. TECHNOPOLYRevolves around Cyberspace and Virtual RealitySocial interactions happen onlineCocooning - people cannot live without computer
  31. 31. Social Networking Cyber BullyingVatican’s Youtube Account
  32. 32. Cocooning
  33. 33. ‘There is no absolutetruth’ is a statement that claims to be absolutely true. Therefore, Postmodernism refutes itself.
  34. 34. The deconstruction of foundational views will lead to recognition and acceptance of a pluralistic worldview.
  35. 35. ???? BA!
  36. 36. Rejects boundariesDeliberately violates standards of sense and decencyShows constant struggle: man vs. man, man vs. self and man vs. societyCreation of intrusive breaks and ironies
  37. 37. Irony, playfulness, black humorPasticheMetafictionParanoiaTemporal distortionIntertextuality
  38. 38. Joseph Heller  Known for his satires and playwrights  Works center on the lives of various members of the middle class Catch 22 Has a non-chronological style Events are described from different points -of-view so that the time line develops along with the plot
  39. 39. Kurt Vonnegut  Known for using Pastiche in his works  Blends satire, black comedy, and science fiction to create novels Breakfast of Champions Uses paranoia Has a character who becomes violent when he imagines people as robots while he remains as the only human
  40. 40. Thomas Pynchon  Known for fictional writing over many different subjects such as science, mathematics and history The Crying of Lot 49 Uses humorous wordplay while discussing serious subjects Has comic character names (e.g. Mike Fallopian, Stanley Koteks and Dr. Hilarius)
  41. 41. Amy Tan  Known for writing works which explore mother-daughter relationships The Kitchen God’s Wife Challenges the dominant narratives of contemporary society about who matters and who does not
  42. 42. Jessica Hagedorn  Known for works with a collision of cultures, the saga of immigration, cultural meltdown and renewal Dogeaters Uses a whirlwind pastiche of life in the Philippines just before the fall of the Marcos regime
  43. 43. Nick Carbo  Editor of the groundbreaking anthology of Filipino and Filipino American poetry, Returning A Borrowed Tongue Secret Asian Man Uses a hilarious yet heartbreaking look at the immigrant experience Revolves on a hero who becomes a spy, sniffing out the criminals of Americas racist pop culture and Iiterary canon
  44. 44. Miguel Syjuco  Locallyand Internationally acclaimed Filipino writer  2008 winner of Palanca Awards Grand Prize for English Novel and Man Asian Literary Prize Ilustrado Names a character after the author himself who investigates to discover the truth behind the death of renowned writer Crispin Salvador
  45. 45. How is Postmodernism related to Popular Culture? Postmodernism Popular Culture birth of individual mass commercial interpretations of culture reality Cultural commodities which have resources that people can consume togive meaning to their social identity and relations become popular.
  46. 46. Ashton, J. (2005). From Modernism to Postmodernism. New York: Cambridge University Press.Basson, A. (2007). Postmodernism. Academia Nuts, 1-2.Deely, J. (2000, November 21). The Beginning of Postmodern Times. The Red Book. Helsinki, Yliopisto, Finland: University of Helsinki.Featherstone, M. (2007). Consumer Culture and Postmodernism. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.Shrader, R. (2006). Postmodernism. Collins: Bethel Baptist Church.Taylor, V., & Winquist, C. (2001). Encyclopedia of Postmodernism. London: Routledge.Vanhoozer, K. (2003). The Cambridge Companion to Postmodern Theology. New York: Cambridge University Press.