Post- Modernism prefix which time of belief in means “after” an absolute universal truth = after the timeof belief in an absolute universal truth
Modernism PostmodernismIndustrial Revolution Period of mass media Laments Celebrates fragmentation fragmentation Works of art can Works of art cannotprovide meaning to provide meaning to the world the meaningless worldLearn things to know Learn things to use them them
Failure of Industrial Revolution,WWII and Poverty (1900-1940s)Revolt against dehumanization of industrialismSense that Western culture had lost its bearings & values
0Failure of Industrial Revolution,WWII and Poverty (1900-1940s)Exposure of hypocritical moralism of ChristianityPopularization of Charles Darwin’s evolutionary theory
The Year of Student Revolution (1968)Architectural student rebellion against modernist teachers “Break the rules! Mix up styles! Play with space! Defy gravity if you like!”
Space Race (1950s)Identity Movements: Feminism and Black Power (1960s)Beatles (1963)
JFK Assassination (1963)Culture Wars: Debates over Canonical Inclusion (1980s)Release of Michael Jackson’s Thriller (1983)
“Postmodernism is incredulity towards Meta-narratives.” Jean-Francois Lyotard,The Postmodern Condition (1979)
There is no true worldview.Knowledge is the result of culture and language.Reality is from our individual interpretation.Notions regarded as universal are mere social constructs.
Deconstruction by Jacques DerridaTexts are incapable of conveying truth about objective realityReleased text ends the author’s ownership
Rejects boundariesDeliberately violates standards of sense and decencyShows constant struggle: man vs. man, man vs. self and man vs. societyCreation of intrusive breaks and ironies
Irony, playfulness, black humorPasticheMetafictionParanoiaTemporal distortionIntertextuality
Joseph Heller Known for his satires and playwrights Works center on the lives of various members of the middle class Catch 22 Has a non-chronological style Events are described from different points -of-view so that the time line develops along with the plot
Kurt Vonnegut Known for using Pastiche in his works Blends satire, black comedy, and science fiction to create novels Breakfast of Champions Uses paranoia Has a character who becomes violent when he imagines people as robots while he remains as the only human
Thomas Pynchon Known for fictional writing over many different subjects such as science, mathematics and history The Crying of Lot 49 Uses humorous wordplay while discussing serious subjects Has comic character names (e.g. Mike Fallopian, Stanley Koteks and Dr. Hilarius)
Amy Tan Known for writing works which explore mother-daughter relationships The Kitchen God’s Wife Challenges the dominant narratives of contemporary society about who matters and who does not
Jessica Hagedorn Known for works with a collision of cultures, the saga of immigration, cultural meltdown and renewal Dogeaters Uses a whirlwind pastiche of life in the Philippines just before the fall of the Marcos regime
Nick Carbo Editor of the groundbreaking anthology of Filipino and Filipino American poetry, Returning A Borrowed Tongue Secret Asian Man Uses a hilarious yet heartbreaking look at the immigrant experience Revolves on a hero who becomes a spy, sniffing out the criminals of Americas racist pop culture and Iiterary canon
Miguel Syjuco Locallyand Internationally acclaimed Filipino writer 2008 winner of Palanca Awards Grand Prize for English Novel and Man Asian Literary Prize Ilustrado Names a character after the author himself who investigates to discover the truth behind the death of renowned writer Crispin Salvador
How is Postmodernism related to Popular Culture? Postmodernism Popular Culture birth of individual mass commercial interpretations of culture reality Cultural commodities which have resources that people can consume togive meaning to their social identity and relations become popular.
Ashton, J. (2005). From Modernism to Postmodernism. New York: Cambridge University Press.Basson, A. (2007). Postmodernism. Academia Nuts, 1-2.Deely, J. (2000, November 21). The Beginning of Postmodern Times. The Red Book. Helsinki, Yliopisto, Finland: University of Helsinki.Featherstone, M. (2007). Consumer Culture and Postmodernism. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.Shrader, R. (2006). Postmodernism. Collins: Bethel Baptist Church.Taylor, V., & Winquist, C. (2001). Encyclopedia of Postmodernism. London: Routledge.Vanhoozer, K. (2003). The Cambridge Companion to Postmodern Theology. New York: Cambridge University Press.