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Niosomes as Drug Carriers


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Niosomes as Drug Carriers

Niosomes as Drug Carriers

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  • 1. Niosomes as Drug Carriers
  • 2. What are Niosomes?
    • Niosomes are non-ionic surfactant vesicles. The success achieved with Liposomal systems stimulated the search for other vesicles forming amphiphiles.
  • What are Niosomes?
    • Non-ionic surfactants were among the first alternative materials studied. A large number of surfactants have been found to self assemble into bilayer vehicles which can be used as drug delivery.
  • Structure of Niosomes
  • 3. Advantages of Niosomes
    • Sustained release of active compounds
    • 4. Protect drugs from degradation
    • 5. Unique characteristics:
    • 6. Biocompatible
    • 7. biodegradable
    • 8. non-immunogenic
  • Advantages of Niosomes
    • Can trap both hydrophilic and lipophilic drugs
    • 9. Have low toxicity due to non-ionic nature.
    • 10. Can be used for ophthalmic preparations because their bilayer can efficiently penetrate cornea of the eye.
  • Applications Of Niosomes
    • Antitumor Niosomes
    • 11. Niosomes and other drugs
    • 12. Niosomes as vaccine adjuvants
  • AntitumourNiosomes
    • Niosomes encapsulation of methotrexate and doxorubicin increase drug delivery to tumour and tumoricidal activity.
    • 13. Unlike non stealth liposomes, 800 nm doxorubicin niosomes possessing a triglycerol or 200nm doxorubicin niosomes possessing a muramic acid surface are not significantly taken up by RES. These triglycerolniosomes accumulate in the tumour.
  • Anti-tumor Niosomes
    • This may prove advantageous for treatment of hepatic neoplasm. The encapsulation of these polymeric prodrugs within 200nm niosomes provides a depot system within the liver from which the free drug is gradually cleaved off and the liver level of drug is increased over a 24 hour period.
    • 14. Activity of other anticancer drugs, such as Vincristine, Bleomycin are also improved with niosomes encapsulation.
  • Niosome Therapies
    The uptake of Niosomes by the liver and spleen, makes them ideal for targeting disease manifesting in these organs, i.e. Leismaniasis.
    A number of studies have shown that Niosomal formulations of sodium stibogluconate improves parasite suppression in acting peptide drugs as intramuscular administration.
  • 15. Niosomes as Vaccine Adjuvants
    • Niosomal antigens are potent stimulators of the cellular and immune response.
    • 16. The formulation of antigens as a Niosome in a water-in-oil emulsion further increases the activity of antigens.
    • 17. Enhancement of the immunological response is due to the controlled release property of the emulsion formulation.