HEALTH AND SAFETY<br />Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />
Need for Health and Safety<br /><ul><li> Promote and maintain the highest degree of physical , social and mental well bein...
 Improve productivity and quality of work.
 Reduce accidents, injuries, absenteeism and labor turnover.
 Protect workers against any health hazard arising out of work or conditions in which it is carried out.</li></ul>Nano Sci...
Background<br /><ul><li>Safety hazardscan cause immediate, violent harm  or even death
Poorly maintained equipment
Unsafe machinery
Exposure to hazardous chemicals
Potential injuries:
Loss of hearing
Loss of eyesight or body parts
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Health and Safety

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Health and Safety

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Health and Safety

  1. 1. HEALTH AND SAFETY<br />Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />
  2. 2. Need for Health and Safety<br /><ul><li> Promote and maintain the highest degree of physical , social and mental well being of workers.
  3. 3. Improve productivity and quality of work.
  4. 4. Reduce accidents, injuries, absenteeism and labor turnover.
  5. 5. Protect workers against any health hazard arising out of work or conditions in which it is carried out.</li></ul>Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />
  6. 6. Background<br /><ul><li>Safety hazardscan cause immediate, violent harm or even death
  7. 7. Poorly maintained equipment
  8. 8. Unsafe machinery
  9. 9. Exposure to hazardous chemicals
  10. 10. Potential injuries:
  11. 11. Loss of hearing
  12. 12. Loss of eyesight or body parts
  13. 13. Cuts, sprains, burns, bruises, broken bones
  14. 14. Electric shock</li></ul>Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />
  15. 15. Background<br /><ul><li>Health hazards slowly and cumulatively lead to deterioration of health
  16. 16. Physical and biological hazards
  17. 17. Toxic and carcinogenic dusts and chemicals
  18. 18. Stressful working conditions
  19. 19. These can cause:
  20. 20. Cancer
  21. 21. Heavy-metal or other poisoning
  22. 22. Respiratory disease
  23. 23. Psychological disorders, such as depression</li></ul>Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />
  24. 24. Background<br /><ul><li>Safety and health hazards can harm non-employees
  25. 25. Poisonous gas leaked from a Union Carbide plant in Bhopal, India, killing 3,000 people and injuring 300,000
  26. 26. Thousands have contracted respiratory diseases after contact with asbestos</li></ul>Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />
  27. 27. Causes of Accidents and Illnesses<br /><ul><li>Major causes of occupational accidents:
  28. 28. Tasks
  29. 29. Working conditions
  30. 30. Nature of the employees
  31. 31. Causes related to the task and working conditions:
  32. 32. Poorly designed or repaired machines
  33. 33. Lack of protective equipment
  34. 34. Dangerous chemicals or gases</li></ul>Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />
  35. 35. Causes of Accidents and Illnesses<br /><ul><li>Employees who have more accidents than the average (accident repeaters)
  36. 36. Under 30 years of age
  37. 37. Poor psychomotor and perceptual skills
  38. 38. Impulsive
  39. 39. Easily bored
  40. 40. Few experts believe that attitudinal causes of accidents significantly influence accident rates
  41. 41. We must know more about accident-proneness before attempting to screen out accident-prone persons</li></ul>Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />
  42. 42. Causes of Accidents and Illnesses<br /><ul><li>Other conditions that contribute to accidents:
  43. 43. Fatigue
  44. 44. Noise
  45. 45. Lack of proper lighting
  46. 46. Boredom
  47. 47. Horseplay and fighting</li></ul>Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />
  48. 48. Safety Design/Preventative Approaches<br /><ul><li>Design more safety into the workplace though safety engineering
  49. 49. Make jobs more comfortable, less confusing, and less fatiguing
  50. 50. Slow down the speed of an assembly line
  51. 51. Add protective guards to machinery
  52. 52. Use color coding in dangerous areas</li></ul>Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />
  53. 53. Public Health<br /><ul><li>A population-based approach to healthy living</li></ul>Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />
  54. 54. Assessment of Health Needs<br /><ul><li>Assess community health needs
  55. 55. Investigate health hazards and effects
  56. 56. Analyze health factors</li></ul>Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />
  57. 57. Public Health is a wise investment<br />It helps people:<br /><ul><li>Save money
  58. 58. Enjoy good health
  59. 59. Live longer</li></ul>Nano Science & Technology Consortium<br />

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