Right-to-Know / Hazard Communication Bloodborne Pathogens/ Exposure Control Annual Safety Refresher TrainingPresented by: Debra B. Eichholtz, Safety Coordinator Safety and Risk Management
HazardCommunication OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 And NYS Right to Know Law
Introduction• The federal Hazard Communication Standard says that you have a “Right-To-Know” what hazards you face on the job and how to protect yourself against those hazards. That’s your Right-To-Know!
Purpose• The standard was developed to make sure that everyone who works with any hazardous chemical is aware of the hazards and the necessary precautions.
District Right to Know Officer isDavid Crisafulli for Oswego and Alicia Koster for Mexico
To ensure that employers and employees know about work hazards and how to protect themselves so that the incidence of illnesses and injuries due to hazardous chemicals is reduced. Hazard Container Material SafetyCommunication Labeling Data Sheet Program Program MSDS Label
The Standard applies to• Chemical Manufacturers – Determine Hazards (Physical and Health)• Employers – Provide Info. to employees• Employees – Awareness
Employees• Must use their Right-to-Know knowledge to stay safe and healthy on the job.
Health Hazards• Acute Health Problems – symptoms show up immediately after exposure• Chronic Health Problems – problems develop gradually from prolonged or repeated exposure
Physical Hazards• Sudden release of pressure (explosion)• Flammable (catches fire easily)• Reactive (unstable chemicals)
Routes of Entry• Inhalation• Ingestion• Injection• Skin Contact or Absorption
4 Main Areas of Haz Com • Labeling • Material Safety Data Sheets • Written Program • Education and Training
• WHAT IT IS - WHY IT CAN BE DANGEROUS• WHAT KIND OF HAZARD• SAFETY PRECAUTIONS• WHAT DEGREE OF HAZARD – CAUTION 0 to 1 – WARNING 2 – DANGER 3 to 4• PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIP. - PPE• BASIC FIRST AID
Other Labeling• Blue - Health• Red – Flammability• Yellow – Reactivity• White – Protective Equipment and Other• Scale 0-4 – 0 = no danger – 4 = highest danger
New Labeling System Effective 2013 Phasing in completed by 2015
• Before you move, handle or open a chemical container, READ THE LABEL and follow the instructions.
Material Safety Data Sheets New Name Safety Data Sheets• Detailed information sheet prepared by manufacturer or importer• Available for every hazardous chemical or substance• Contains information that: – Enables you to prepare for safe day-to-day use – Enables you to respond in emergencies
Contents of MSDS• Chemical name •Health hazard data• Company information • Reactivity data• Hazardous ingredients • Special precautions –Safe handling practices• Physical characteristics –PPE –What to do in case of• Fire and explosion data spills or leaks
HAZCOM 1994 HAZCOM 2012• Requires employee • Clarifies that the labels oninformation and training shipped containers andbefore a worker is exposed to workplace labelsthe hazardous chemicals in the must be explained, as well asworkplace, and whenever the SDS format.hazard changes • Workers will have to be trained on the new label and SDS formats before all the provisions of the rule are effective.
1. Identification of the substance 10. Stability and reactivityor mixture and of the supplier 11. Toxicological2. Hazards identification 12. Ecological information (non mandatory)3. Composition/information oningredients Substance/Mixture 13. Disposal considerations (non mandatory)4. First aid measures 14. Transport information (non mandatory)5. Firefighting measures 15. Regulatory information6. Accidental release measures (non mandatory)7. Handling and storage 16. Other information including information on preparation and revision of the SDS8. Exposure controls/personalProtection9. Physical and chemical properties
Location of MSDS• In your work area – Your supervisor will inform you of the specific location – District Office• Online with MSDSonline.com
Written Program• The School District must have a written Hazard Communication Program – Inform employees about standard – Information and training on the Hazard Communication program – Must be available to all employees
Education & Training• The regulation requires that the employer provide employees with education and training on hazardous chemicals in their work area at the time of initial assignment, and whenever a new chemical hazard is introduced into the work area.
Summary• You have a right to know about the chemical hazards in your workplace.• And you have a duty to use that right to learn about and protect yourself from those hazards.
Why are we here?• OSHA Blood Borne Pathogen Standard• The more you know, the better you will perform in real situations!
Who is covered by the standard?• All employees who could be “reasonably anticipated”, as the result of performing their job duties, to face contact with blood and other potentially infectious materials• “Good Samaritan” acts such as assisting a co-worker with a nosebleed would not be considered occupational exposure
At Risk Staff:• Nursing Staff• Athletic Trainer• Cleaners• Custodial Workers,• Maintenance Worker I• Bus Drivers, Bus Attendants, Bus Aides• Special Education Teacher, Assistant and Aide as dependent on tasks or procedures performed
How does exposure occur?• Most common: needlesticks• Cuts from other contaminated sharps (scalpels, broken glass, etc.)• Contact of mucous membranes (for example; the eyes, nose, mouth) or broken (cut or abraded) skin with contaminated blood
Exposure Control Plan• Identifies jobs and tasks where occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious material occurs• Describes how the employer will: – Use engineering and work practice controls – Ensure use of Personal Protective Equipment – Provide training – Provide medical surveillance – Provide Hepatitis B (HBV) vaccinations – Use signs and labels
Exposure Control Plan• Written plan required• Plan must be reviewed at least annually to reflect changes in: – Tasks, procedures, or assignments which affect exposure – Technology that will eliminate or reduce exposure• Annual review must document employer’s consideration and implementation of safer medical devices• Must solicit input from potentially exposed employees in the identification, evaluation, and selection of engineering and work practice controls• Plan must be accessible to employees
What is aBlood Borne Pathogen? Microorganisms that are present in the blood that can cause disease in humans
Common Blood Borne Pathogens• Hepatitis B (HBV)• Hepatitis C (HCV)• Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Potentially Infectious Bodily Fluids • Blood • Saliva • Vomit • Skin Tissue, Cell • Urine Cultures • Semen or Vaginal • Any other bodily Secretions fluid • Chewing Tobacco Juice
Transmission Potential• Contact with another person’s blood or bodily fluid that may contain blood• Mucous membranes: eyes, mouth, nose• Non-intact skin• Contaminated sharps/needles
Your Exposure Potential• Accidental Release• Post-Accident Cleanup• Administering First-Aid• Handling of Returned Product• Custodial or Maintenance Work• Handling of any Waste Products
Universal Precautions• Use of proper PPE• Treat all blood and bodily fluids as if they are contaminated• Proper cleanup and decontamination• Disposal of all contaminated material in the proper manner
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) • Anything that is used to protect a person from exposure • Latex or Nitrile gloves, goggles, CPR mouth barriers, aprons, respirators, among other things
PPE Rules to Remember• Always check PPE for defects or tears before using• If PPE becomes torn or defective remove and get new• Remove PPE before leaving a contaminated area• Do not reuse disposable equipment
Decontamination• When cleaning up surfaces use suitable commercial disinfectant• Do an initial wipe up• Spray and allow it to stand for appropriate dwell time (usually ten minutes, then wipe up)• Dispose of all wipes in biohazard containers• PPE should be removed and disposed of in biohazard bags
Hand Washing• Wash hands immediately after removing PPE• Use a soft antibacterial soap• A hand sanitizer can be used, but wash with soap and water as soon as possible afterward
Regulated Medical Waste• Liquid or semi-liquid blood or other potentially infectious material (OPIM)• Contaminated items that would release blood or OPIM when compressed• Contaminated sharps• Pathological and microbiological waste containing blood or OPIM
Signs and Labels• Labels must include the universal biohazard symbol, and the term “Biohazard” must be attached to: – Containers of regulated biohazard waste – Refrigerators or freezers containing blood or OPIM – Containers used to store, transport, or ship blood or OPIM
Exposure Incident• A specific incident of contact with potentially infectious bodily fluid• If there are no infiltrations of mucous membranes or open skin surfaces, it is not considered an occupational exposure• Report all accidents involving blood or bodily fluids• Post-exposure medical evaluations are offered
Post-Exposure Evaluation• Confidential medical evaluation• Document route of exposure• Protect identity of staff or student• Identify source individual• Provide results to exposed employee• Hep B vaccine may be offered post exposure
Hepatitis B Vaccination • Offered to all potentially exposed employees preexposure • Provided at no cost to employees • Must give written consent or declination
RecordkeepingMedical records include:• Hepatitis B vaccination status• Post-exposure evaluation and follow-up resultsTraining records include:• Training dates• Contents of the training• Signature of trainer and trainee
In Conclusion:The previous Safety Practices are in place for your protection, usethese tools to protect yourself and your classroom.