Political Science 1 - Introduction To Political Science - Power Point #8
Dr. Tabakian’s Political Science 1 US Government – Spring 2013 Power Point Presentation #8
COURSE LECTURE TOPICS• Bureaucratic Power• Iron Triangles• Presidential Control Of The Bureaucracy• Congress And Its Members• Congress Versus The Executive Branch• Supreme Court• Legitimacy Factor In Law Making• Federal Court Structure• Elite Propaganda & Cinemocracy• Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense”
BUREAUCRATIC ELITE THE BUREAUCRATIC ELITEBureaucratic Power comes from technological advances,information explosions, and societal growth and complexity.1. The Washington Bureaucratic Elite is a major base of power in American society.2. Iron Triangles are three major power bases coming together to decide an issue outcome.3. Revolving Doors are public-private sector power trades of knowledge, experience, and contacts.4. The Power of Regulatory Commissions derives from independence and oversight responsibilities.5. Fiscal Responsibility is the power to establish national priorities within the boundaries of available resources.
AMERICAN MILITARY POWERThe United States possesses themost advanced military hardwareknown to man. Here is a sample ofour overwhelming firepower.Students will be asked thefollowing question following thisvideo presentation: “What preventsthe United States from utilizing itsfull military capacity?
PRESIDENTS & BUREAUCRACIESPresidential Control of the Bureaucracy is a powerdelegated by the Constitution.1. Appointments allow the president to manage programs and enforce policy using loyal officials.2. Reorganization allows the president to prioritize his policy initiatives.3. The Budget with Congress allows the president to make a policy statement about the role of government.
MASSES & PARTIESActivists are most likely to participatein campaign activities. These are themost partisan among typical voters.Two of the most common activitiesaside from voting is donating personallabor and financial resources. Politicalpandering refers to how parties caterto their core base of activists. Thosefound in the Republican Party tend tobe more conservative than theaverage Republican voter.Democratic activists on the otherhand tend to be more liberal than theaverage Democratic voter.
COLD WAR MANIPULATIONPropaganda is a necessary tool.“Make Mine Freedom” is a 1948Cold War-era cartoon that useshumor to tout the dangers ofCommunism and the benefits ofcapitalism. Various points madein this presentation touch onJohn Locke’s “Second TreatiseOf Government”. Can you pickthem out?
COLD WAR MANIPULATIONElite manipulation has existedin our country even prior to thedays of our founding. Massesare susceptible to manipulationas they are highly emotional.Elites utilize symbolism to pullthese emotional heartstrings atwill. Enjoy this 1952government sponsored filmvilifying communism.
COLD WAR MANIPULATIONThe “Kitchen Debate” was held inMoscow on July 24, 1959. Vice-President Richard Nixon debatesSoviet Leader Nikita Khrushchev in amake-believe kitchen. The day before,Vice-President Richard Nixon hadflown to Moscow in a "culturalexchange" program between the twocountries. The stated goal of theexchange was to promoteunderstanding about the cultures ofthe two superpowers. Both men werefocusing on promoting their respectivesystems to the non-aligned countries.
CONGRESSCongress is a less representative branch than the FoundingFathers intended.1. Members of Congress are political entrepreneurs recruited from the upper classes of their home constituencies.2. Members of Congress represent the elites of their districts and responsibly vote on their behalf with strong regularity.3. Members of Congress have a reputation for using incumbency advantages and consistently raising money to seek reelection.4. Leadership procedures and structures in Congress appear to form interlocking conglomerates of policy responders, iron triangle members, and status quo protectors.
CONGRESS VS. THE PRESIDENTThe Constitution gives Congress an Invitation to Strugglewith the President.1. Congress responds to policy proposals initiated by the president.2. Congress and the president have engaged in highly publicized budgetary battles.3. Congress has used investigations and impeachment in an attempt to control the president’s actions for perhaps purely political reasons.
MANIPULATION EXAMPLEHow can we protectourselves against thethreats of germs and toxins?Cold War America gears upto fend off threats fromunconventional bioweapons.This is another example ofhow propaganda is utilizedto foster fear within society.Enjoy this example.
COURTS – 1Judicial decision making by the Supreme Court involvesmost important policy questions.1. Judicial review gives the federal court system power to say whether actions of the two political branches are constitutional or unconstitutional.2. Jurisdiction gives the Court the opportunity to hear and decide a case and seek compliance with its ruling.3. Judicial philosophy gives justices the tools to make wise decisions about constitutional issues.4. Politics is a useful decision making aid when a case does not present a liberal-conservative dimension.
COURTS – 21. The backgrounds of all Supreme Court justices generally reflect ties with the upper social strata that rule the nation.2. The style of judicial policy making contributes to the power of the Supreme Court.3. The hierarchical structure of the federal court system and the Supreme Court contribute to their influence in the political system.4. The Court as ruler of the nation is an appropriate description for an institution that resolves key conflicts in society and is not even elected.
PROPAGANDAGovernmental elites may believethat their national policies are soconcrete that it is necessary to utilizevarious forms of propaganda toincite specific reactions from itscitizens. Various forms ofpropaganda have been utilized todrum up mass support to betterassure elite legitimacy. Cinemocracy,the relationship between motionpictures and government is one waygovernmental elites sell theiragenda. Enjoy this classic cartoon,“The Ducktators”.
THOMAS PAINE’S “COMMON SENSE” – 1Arguments against British rule in Common Sense:• It is ridiculous and against natural law for an island to rule a continent.• Europe is unlikely to see peace for long and whenever a war breaks out between England and a foreign power, the trade of America would go to ruin due to the economic connection.• It is no longer a "British nation"; it is composed of influences from all of Europe.• Even if Britain was originally the "mother country" of America, that makes her current actions all the more horrendous, for no true mother would harm her children so deplorably.
THOMAS PAINE’S “COMMON SENSE” – 2• Remaining a part of Britain will drag America into unnecessary European wars, and keep it from the international commerce at which America excels.• That government is best that governs least. Society represents all that is good about humanity, government represents all that is bad about it.• The distance between the two nations makes the lag in communication time about a year for something to go round trip. If there was something wrong in the government, it would take a year before the colonies would hear back.
THOMAS PAINE’S “COMMON SENSE” – 3• The New World was discovered shortly after the Reformation. This was evidence for the Puritans that God wanted to give them America as a safe haven free from the persecution of British rule.• Criticizes the English Constitution, saying that the right for the House of Commons to "check" the king is ridiculous, as the king is given the right to rule by God, therefore, he needs no "checking".