Fish Consumption Pattern

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Fish consumption pattern in Kommathurai village. The location of study is situated in Batticaloa, Sri Lanka.

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Fish Consumption Pattern

  1. 1. Fish Consumption Pattern of the People in Kommathurai Village T.Anuja, K.Premakumar and T.Gayathiri
  2. 2. Contents  Introduction Materials and Methods Results and discussion Conclusions  References   
  3. 3. Introduction  Fish are the principle source of protein for Sri Lanka's population, and play a vital role in meeting basic nutritional and livelihood needs.  Over 96% of Sri Lankan consumes fresh or processed fish, which provides an estimated 65 – 70 % of the mean annual animal protein intake (Sugunan, 1997).
  4. 4. Introduction  Fishes are important food for people living in Batticaloa region.  In total fish production of the Batticaloa district, sea (marine), pond (fresh) and lagoon (brackish) fishes are consumed by the people living in Kommathurai village.
  5. 5. Nutritive value of fish Elements Content mg/100g Sodium 30 - 134 Potassium Magnesium % 19 - 502 calcium Composition Iron Moisture 66 - 84 19 - 881 Protein 15 - 24 68 - 550 Fat 0.1 - 22 Ash 0.8 - 2.2 1 - 5.60 Chlorine 3 - 761 Iodine 0 - 2.73 Carbohydrate 1-3
  6. 6. Major fish production places in Sri Lanka
  7. 7. Materials and Methods Survey Study  Kommathurai village - Eravur pattu Divisional Secretariat Division.  Time period - January to April, 2008.  Questionnaire preparation & Data collection.  Data transformation & analysis.
  8. 8. Map of Survey area
  9. 9. Results and Discussion
  10. 10. Food habit of people Food habit of people 5% Non vegetarian vegetarian 95%   The 95% of people - non vegetarian Main meal - fishes.
  11. 11. Consumer preference of fish type Consumer preference of fish type All fishes( sea fish, lagoon fish, pond fish) 30% sea fish 70%
  12. 12. Fish consumption pattern Fish consumption 15% Lunch and Dinner Lunch 20.5% 64.5%   Dinner Fish consumption average is 5 days / week Adult person intake 75 ± 5 g / day
  13. 13. Consumer preference of sea fish species Mostly preferred sea fish species Seela 10% Keeri Suran Others 13% 55% 22%  Mostly preferred sea fish is Seela : Sphyraena jello (22 %)
  14. 14. Consumer preference of lagoon fish species Mostly preferred lagoon fish species 15% 5% Thilapia Kelakkan Keluththy Others 20%  60% Mostly preferred lagoon fish is Tilapia : Oreochromis mosambicus (60%)
  15. 15. Consumer preference of pond fish species Mostly preferred fish pond fish species 10% 14% Viral Panaiyan Sunkan Others 55% 21%  Mostly preferred pond fish is Viral : Rachycentron canadum (55%).
  16. 16. Consumers preference for fish products Consumers prefered fish products 10% Normal curry 5% dried fish 15% Tin fish 55% 15%  fish cutlets Others Normal curry is mostly preferred by the people of Kommathurai village.
  17. 17. Consumer’s basic concept for fish selection Consumer's basic concept for fish selection Taste 5% 20% Nutrition status 50% 25%  Low cost than meat Whole family member's preference food Basically reason for the selection of fish is because of taste.
  18. 18. Fish availability 10% Market 5% Cycle/Motor cycle vendors Beach site 20% 65%  Lagoon site Market (65%) :  Easy to purchase  Nearest place  All fishes available any time of day
  19. 19. Mostly consumed fishes Sphyraena jello (Seela) Rachycentron canadum (Viral) Oreochromis mossambicus (Tilapia)
  20. 20. Conclusions  The 95% of people showed the food habit of non vegetarian and the main meal was fishes.  The fish consumption pattern of this area was 5 days per week and most of the consumers added fish for their meal both lunch and dinner.  An adult person intake was about more than 75 g of fish in their daily meal of Kommathurai area.
  21. 21. Cont…  70 % of the people’s consumer preference is all kind of fishes like sea, lagoon and pond fishes.  Mostly preferred, Sea fish :Sphyraena jello (21.57 %), Lagoon fish : Oreochromis mossambicus (60.0 %) Pond fish : Rachycentron canadum (55.0 %).  Availabilty of fishes, Sea fishes - throughout the year. Lagoon and pond fishes - seasonal Most of the consumers bought fishes from market as easy to purchase, nearest place and all fishes are available any time of day. 
  22. 22. References  Balachandran, K.K. (2001). Post harvest technology of fish and fish products.Pp.1-15, 271-287. Delhi: Daya pulishing house.  Blank, F.C.(2000).Hand book of Food and nutrition. Pp. 172-192. India: Agro botanical publishers.  Sugunan, V. V. (1997). Fisheries and management of small water bodies in seven countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. FAO Fisheries Circular: 933:149.

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