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2011 Spanish Grammar Book Tiana Anthony
Table of Contents <ul><li>Title page  </li></ul><ul><li>Table of Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Present (pg. 3) </li></ul><ul>...
Presente –er, -ar, -ir En  En An Ellos (as)/ Ustedes Imos Emos Amos Nosotros (as) E E A El/Ella/ Usted Es Es As Tu O O O y...
Stem Changers <ul><li>e    ie   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  o    ue   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e    I  </li></ul></ul><ul...
Irregular –zco, -go, -oy Irregular yo verbs only change in the yo form   <ul><li>-oy(dar)  -go(tener)  -zco(conocer) </li>...
Saber vs. Conocer <ul><li>Conocer- to know </li></ul><ul><li>Saber-to know </li></ul><ul><li>Use saber  Use conocer </li><...
Los Reflextivos <ul><li>What are they? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They are what are reflected upon onesel or other. </li></ul><...
“Se” impersonal <ul><li>What is it used for? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is used to make general statements. </li></ul></ul><...
Dipthongs with accents <ul><li>Weak vowel- I, y, u </li></ul><ul><li>Strong vowel- a,e,o </li></ul><ul><li>Used when a str...
-cer/-cir, -uir/-guir, -ger/-gir <ul><li>-cer/-cir </li></ul>
“Cucaracha” verbs <ul><li>Andar: anduv- </li></ul><ul><li>Estar: estuv- </li></ul><ul><li>Poder: Pud- </li></ul><ul><li>Po...
“Spock” verbs <ul><li>Ir/ser  Dar/Ver  Hacer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fui  -d/vi  -hice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuiste  -d...
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Transcript of "2011 spanish grammar book"

  1. 1. 2011 Spanish Grammar Book Tiana Anthony
  2. 2. Table of Contents <ul><li>Title page </li></ul><ul><li>Table of Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Present (pg. 3) </li></ul><ul><li>Stem Changers (pg.4) </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular “Yo” (pg. 5) </li></ul><ul><li>Saber vs. Conocer (pg. 6) </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexives (pg. 7) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Se” impersonal (pg. 8) </li></ul><ul><li>Diphongs with accents (pg. 9) </li></ul><ul><li>Uir/Guir, Cer/Cir, Ger/Gir (pg. 10) </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs like… (pg. 11) </li></ul><ul><li>Hace + ___ + que ___ + present/preterito (pg. 12) </li></ul><ul><li>Ser vs. Estar (pg. 13) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Presente –er, -ar, -ir En En An Ellos (as)/ Ustedes Imos Emos Amos Nosotros (as) E E A El/Ella/ Usted Es Es As Tu O O O yo -ir -er -ar
  4. 4. Stem Changers <ul><li>e  ie </li></ul><ul><ul><li> o  ue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e  I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> u  ue </li></ul></ul>Also called boot verbs. There is no stem change in the nosotros/vosotros
  5. 5. Irregular –zco, -go, -oy Irregular yo verbs only change in the yo form <ul><li>-oy(dar) -go(tener) -zco(conocer) </li></ul><ul><li>doy damos tengo tenemos conozco </li></ul><ul><li>das dais tienes tieneis conoces conoseis </li></ul><ul><li>da dan tiene tienen conoce conocen </li></ul>
  6. 6. Saber vs. Conocer <ul><li>Conocer- to know </li></ul><ul><li>Saber-to know </li></ul><ul><li>Use saber Use conocer </li></ul><ul><li>-express knowledge -recognizing a </li></ul><ul><li>or info about a certain a person, place, </li></ul><ul><li>thing or object. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Los Reflextivos <ul><li>What are they? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They are what are reflected upon onesel or other. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Me Lavarse- Mi lavo mi cara. </li></ul><ul><li>Te Peintarse- Te peines tu pelo. </li></ul><ul><li>Se Cepillarse- Se cepilla mi dientes. </li></ul><ul><li>Nos Pedirse- Nos pedimos a maestra. </li></ul><ul><li>Os Levantarse-Os levantiosa mi cama. </li></ul><ul><li>Se Rescarse- Se rescan los brazos </li></ul>
  8. 8. “Se” impersonal <ul><li>What is it used for? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is used to make general statements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Se + third person form </li></ul></ul>Passive Voice -specifys what happened to the subject -Without saying who or what did the action. Reciprocal Action -point out the action being performed on the subjects. frequently what they are doing something to or with each other.
  9. 9. Dipthongs with accents <ul><li>Weak vowel- I, y, u </li></ul><ul><li>Strong vowel- a,e,o </li></ul><ul><li>Used when a strong vowel or 2 weak vowel come together to firm one syllable. </li></ul><ul><li>Esuiar- to ski </li></ul>Ellos-Esquian El,Ella, Usted- Esquia Vosotros- Esquiais Tu-Esquias Nosotros- Esquiamos Yo- equio
  10. 10. -cer/-cir, -uir/-guir, -ger/-gir <ul><li>-cer/-cir </li></ul>
  11. 11. “Cucaracha” verbs <ul><li>Andar: anduv- </li></ul><ul><li>Estar: estuv- </li></ul><ul><li>Poder: Pud- </li></ul><ul><li>Poner: Pus- -e </li></ul><ul><li>Querer: Quis- -iste </li></ul><ul><li>Saber: sup- -o </li></ul><ul><li>Tener: tuv- -imos </li></ul><ul><li>Venir: Vin- -isteis </li></ul><ul><li>Conductir: conduj- -ieron </li></ul><ul><li>Productir: produj- </li></ul><ul><li>Traducir: traduj- </li></ul><ul><li>Decir: dij- </li></ul><ul><li>Traer: tra- </li></ul>
  12. 12. “Spock” verbs <ul><li>Ir/ser Dar/Ver Hacer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fui -d/vi -hice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuiste -d/viste -hiciste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fue -d/vio -hizo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuimos -d/vimos -hicimos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fueron -d/vieron -hicieron </li></ul></ul>
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