Presenting with analogy and metaphor

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  • 1. Part 2Analogy and Metaphor
  • 2. OverviewSession 1 Session 3English Vs Japanese ChunkingStructuring your presentation PronunciationUsing Power Point Body LanguageSession 2 Session 4Analogy and Metaphor Handling QuestionsTechnical Vocabulary Jokes2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 2
  • 3. Presenting with Analogy and Metaphor Y=X±Z2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 3
  • 4. Quick Hints #1 for controlling your state• Clothes• Practice• Think of a Time You Have Done This Before (Anchoring)• Be Early• Resources2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 4
  • 5. Today’s Session• Review Last Week• Example Presentation and/or Students’ Presentations• Using Analogy and Metaphor• Technical Vocabulary - The difference between a presentation and a paper• Question Time2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 5
  • 6. Think of your presentation as a 5 minute chance to teach your paper• Introduction: -Self 10-20 Seconds -Academic 30-40 Seconds• Main Body: -Point 1 1 minute -Point 2 1 minute -Point 3 1 minute• Conclusion 1 minute• Questions 5 minutes2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 6
  • 7. Describing Objects and Defining Concepts• “Defining in a general sense is simply pointing out the unique, distinguishing properties of a concept in a particular context” Giving Academic Presentations Susan M. Reinhart2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 7
  • 8. Metaphor is a Natural Process Bouba and Kiki2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 8
  • 9. Metaphors in Science The Cell The word cell comes from the Latin cellula, meaning "a small room". The descriptive term for the smallest living biological structure was coined by Robert Hooke in a book he published in 1665 when he compared the cork cells he saw through his microscope to the small rooms monks lived in. "... I could exceedingly plainly perceive it to be all perforated and porous, much like a Honey-comb, but that the pores of it were not regular [..] these pores, or cells, [..] were indeed the first microscopical pores I ever saw, and perhaps, that were ever seen, for I had not met with any Writer or Person, that had made any mention of them before this. . ." – Robert Hooke describing his observations on a thin slice of cork.2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 9
  • 10. The Cell MetaphorMonk’s Cell Honeycomb Cell Cork Cell 2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 10
  • 11. This figure is from our Prentice Hall Science Explorer Cells and Heredity, book p C. 22 11The Cell as a City Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 2011/10/12
  • 12. City model, cell structure, cell function• Construction Site: ribosome - builds new structures• Transport Company: endoplasmic reticulum - carries materials from place to place• Power Plant: mitochondrion - produces power• Food Processing Plant: chloroplast - produces food• Waste Disposal Plant: lysosome - disposes of waste• City Hall: nucleus - controls rest of cell• Storage Tanks: vacuole - stores food and water• Gate: cell wall or cell membrane - controls what enters and leaves cell city2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 12
  • 13. Other Metaphors in Science Metaphors Scientific Concept• Flowing Water • Electricity• Wave • Sound/light/radio• Wall • Cell (wall/membrane)• Highways • Blood Vessels• Blueprint • DNA• Police Force • Immune System• A Peach • Layers of Earth• Camera • Eye• Computer • Brain2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 13
  • 14. Metaphor Topics• Life• Learning a language• The economy• A nuclear reaction• Love• Being a student• University entrance exams• Kyoto University2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 14
  • 15. Technical Vocabulary• How is a presentation different to a paper? – Time – Audience – Control2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 15
  • 16. Questions This is your chance to ask specific questions about your presentation !2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 16
  • 17. Part 3Chunking It Right
  • 18. Review Last 2 WeeksWeek 1: Back to Basics Week 2: Analogy & Metaphor Timing it right • Think of your presentationBreak down your presentation into 4 main parts: like a chance to teach your – Introduction -Self 10-20 Seconds paper. -Academic 30-40 Seconds • Save time by using Analogy – Main Body: -Point 1 1 minute and Metaphor to engage -Point 2 1 minute -Point 3 1 minute students previous knowledge. – Conclusion 1 minute Remember the story of the – Questions 5 minutes Cell.2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 18
  • 19. Technical Vocabulary• How is a presentation different to a paper? – Control – Audience – Time• Think back to my presentation on elephants and the ivory trade ban…2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 19
  • 20. Chunking It Right2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 20
  • 21. Examples for Chunking• CO2 emissions from cows.• Shakespeare’s use of the third person in Romeo and Juliet.• The cost of a bowl of rice at Kyoto University’s café.• World peace• Making money• Finding a life partner2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 21
  • 22. OverviewSession 1 Session 3English Vs Japanese ChunkingStructuring your presentation PronunciationUsing Power Point Body LanguageSession 2 Session 4Analogy and Metaphor Handling QuestionsTechnical Vocabulary Jokes2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 22
  • 23. Chunking word Document2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 23
  • 24. Body Language The DOs and DON’Ts2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 24
  • 25. Body Language DOs DON’Ts• Eye Contact • Look down (Read)• Emphasize • Cross your arms• Smile ! • Touch your face• Move around • Stand in front of the overhead2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 25
  • 26. Last Years Presentations2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 26
  • 27. Last Years Presentations2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 27
  • 28. Part 4Jokes and Questions
  • 29. OverviewSession 1 Session 3English Vs Japanese ChunkingStructuring your presentation PronunciationUsing Power Point Body LanguageSession 2 Session 4Analogy and Metaphor Handling QuestionsTechnical Vocabulary Jokes2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 29
  • 30. Review Last 3 WeeksWeek 1: Back to Basics Week 2: Analogy & Metaphor Timing it right • Think of your presentationBreak down your presentation into 4 main parts: like a chance to teach your – Introduction -Self 10-20 Seconds paper. -Academic 30-40 Seconds • Save time by using Analogy – Main Body: -Point 1 1 minute and Metaphor to engage -Point 2 1 minute -Point 3 1 minute students previous knowledge. – Conclusion 1 minute Remember the story of the – Questions 5 minutes Cell.2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 30
  • 31. Review Last 3 WeeksWeek 3: Chunking it RightIt is important to use the right amount of detailIntroduction: Big PictureMain Body: DetailsConclusion: Big Picture2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 31
  • 32. Last Years Presentations2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 32
  • 33. Last Years Presentations2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 33
  • 34. The Structure of Humor2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 34
  • 35. Why are Jokes Funny?A story within a story.The twistRevealing the truth2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 35
  • 36. Questions Questions and more Questions2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 36
  • 37. Question types• Things you have already covered.• Things outside your presentation.• Questions you don’t know the answer to.• Questions within questions.• Questions with long answers.2011/10/12 Copy write Francesco Bolstad 37