Part 2
Structuring your Presentation
Overview
2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 2
Session 1
English Vs Japanese
Using Power Point
Handling Questions
Session 3
Analog...
Review
2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 4
What is a Presentation?
1) Papers VS Presentations
2) Power Point Presentations VS Poster Pr...
The Basics
• Outlines
• Slide Structure
• Fonts
• Colour
• Background
• Graphs
• Spelling and Grammar
• Conclusions
• Ques...
Types of Questions
• Basic to the understanding of the topic.
– Must be answered!
• Difficult or long questions about the ...
Structuring your Presentation
Think about the way people learn
• A presentation is a teaching session!
• What do you want to teach?
• How could people l...
Think of your presentation as a 5
minute chance to teach your paper
• Introduction: -Self 10-20 Seconds
-Academic 30-40 Se...
Know your Audience
What are the judges
looking for?
• Content
– New Ideas
– Relevance
• Presentation
– Pronunciation
– Acc...
Introduction
• Keep it simple
• Warm up the audience
• Introduce yourself
• Outline your presentation
2011/10/4 Francesco ...
Main Body
• Its up to you
• Sequencing-Later Today
• Chunking – Later Today
• Metaphor – Session #3
2011/10/4 Francesco Bo...
Conclusions
• Keep it simple
• Make it memorable
2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 13
Questions
• Be respectful
• Show your knowledge
• Don’t take too long on any one question
2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 14
Chunking It Right
2011/10/12 15Copywrite Francesco Bolstad
2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 16
2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 17
Structuring Your presentation
Big Picture Introduction Conclusion
Details Main Body
Example topic
Big Picture
Details
• Life on Earth
• Sensing
• Cellular VS
Organism
• Ion Channels
• TRP Channels
• TRP A1
...
Examples for Chunking
• CO2 emissions from cows.
• Shakespeare’s use of the third person in
Romeo and Juliet.
• The cost o...
Your Presentation Topics
• What is your big picture?
• What information to you want to explain?
• What conclusions can you...
Designing Your Presentation
• Introduction
– What is the big picture? What is your research apart of?
– Why is this resear...
Example
presentation
(Ivory Ban)
2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 23
Bad
25
Key issues identified in conserving elephant
populations
• Enfroceable Property Rights
• Biodiversity
• Externalities
I...
26
The effectiveness of the ivory trade ban depends on the
availability of substitutes, the enforcement of property
rights...
27
The ban on rhino horn was ineffective because
substitutes were unavailable
P ($)
Q
D1D2
q1q2
p2
p1
S (before ban)
S (po...
28
The transfer of property and management rights to
farmers will internalize externalities and increase the
number of ele...
29
The optimal harvest rate will be chosen to secure
profit maximization which will ensure a sustainable
elephant populati...
30
Currently management of elephant populations are
nationalized and uncoordinated
Stiles, D., 2004.The ivory trade and el...
Good
Ivory trade ban and elephant
conservation
by
Francis Bolstad
Environmental Economics
And the Ivory trade ban
33
Agenda
• Background
• The Ban
• Key Economic Issues
• Conclusion
The elephant picture in the left corner is adapted fro...
34
African and Asian elephants have different identifying
features, as …
Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusi...
35
Elephant populations dropped by half between 1976 -
1989, this lead to listing on CITES
Appendix I thus prohibiting tra...
36
Ban opponents argue that the trade of elephant
products will lead to increased funding for wildlife
conservation and co...
37
Ban proponents argue that the trade of elephant
products will endanger the wildlife conservation
efforts through fuelli...
38
Anti-ivory campaigns have been effective in
decreasing demand. However an illegal trade has
remained to meet intrinsic ...
39
Key issues identified in conserving elephant
populations
• Enfroceable Property Rights
• Biodiversity
• Externalities
I...
40
The increased numbers of elephants under the ban
has come at a high cost
- Increasing cost of enforcing anti-poaching l...
41
The effectiveness of the ivory trade ban depends on the
availability of substitutes, the enforcement of property
rights...
42
The ban on rhino horn was ineffective because
substitutes were unavailable
P ($)
Q
D1D2
q1q2
p2
p1
S (before ban)
S (po...
43
The transfer of property and management rights to
farmers will internalize externalities and increase the
number of ele...
44
The optimal harvest rate will be chosen to secure
profit maximization which will ensure a sustainable
elephant populati...
45
Currently management of elephant populations are
nationalized and uncoordinated
Stiles, D., 2004.The ivory trade and el...
46
Thank you for your attention
Questions ?
Body Language
The Dos and DON’Ts
2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 47
Body Language
DOs
• Eye Contact
• Emphasize
• Smile !
• Move around
DON’Ts
• Look down (Read)
• Cross your arms
• Touch yo...
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Presentation skills 2013 lecture 2 structuring your presentation

  1. 1. Part 2 Structuring your Presentation
  2. 2. Overview 2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 2 Session 1 English Vs Japanese Using Power Point Handling Questions Session 3 Analogy and Metaphor Technical Vocabulary Session 2 Structuring your Presentation Chunking it Right Body Language Session 4 Presentation Practice
  3. 3. Review
  4. 4. 2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 4 What is a Presentation? 1) Papers VS Presentations 2) Power Point Presentations VS Poster Presentations 3) English Presentations VS Japanese Presentation The Basics Power Point Basics: size colour backgrounds etc. Structuring Your Presentation Big Picture Introduction Conclusion Details Main Body
  5. 5. The Basics • Outlines • Slide Structure • Fonts • Colour • Background • Graphs • Spelling and Grammar • Conclusions • Questions
  6. 6. Types of Questions • Basic to the understanding of the topic. – Must be answered! • Difficult or long questions about the topic. – Give a quick answer (showing that you know the answer) then offer to talk more after your presentation. • “What if Questions” Unrelated questions or questions that ask you to guess about the future. – Leave the question for later. – Remember to be polite.
  7. 7. Structuring your Presentation
  8. 8. Think about the way people learn • A presentation is a teaching session! • What do you want to teach? • How could people learn what you want to teach? 2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 8
  9. 9. Think of your presentation as a 5 minute chance to teach your paper • Introduction: -Self 10-20 Seconds -Academic 30-40 Seconds • Main Body: -Point 1 1 minute -Point 2 1 minute -Point 3 1 minute • Conclusion 1 minute • Questions 5 minutes 2011/10/12 9Copywrite Francesco Bolstad
  10. 10. Know your Audience What are the judges looking for? • Content – New Ideas – Relevance • Presentation – Pronunciation – Accuracy and Fluency – Body Language • Slides – Format – Spelling and Grammar 2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 10
  11. 11. Introduction • Keep it simple • Warm up the audience • Introduce yourself • Outline your presentation 2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 11
  12. 12. Main Body • Its up to you • Sequencing-Later Today • Chunking – Later Today • Metaphor – Session #3 2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 12
  13. 13. Conclusions • Keep it simple • Make it memorable 2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 13
  14. 14. Questions • Be respectful • Show your knowledge • Don’t take too long on any one question 2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 14
  15. 15. Chunking It Right 2011/10/12 15Copywrite Francesco Bolstad
  16. 16. 2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 16
  17. 17. 2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 17
  18. 18. Structuring Your presentation Big Picture Introduction Conclusion Details Main Body
  19. 19. Example topic Big Picture Details • Life on Earth • Sensing • Cellular VS Organism • Ion Channels • TRP Channels • TRP A1 • Inflammatory Mediators • NO, H2O2 Everyone Biologists Microbiologists TRP Channel Specialists TRP A1 Specialists Level of Detail Target Audience
  20. 20. Examples for Chunking • CO2 emissions from cows. • Shakespeare’s use of the third person in Romeo and Juliet. • The cost of a bowl of rice at Kyoto University’s café. • World peace • Making money • Finding a life partner 2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 20
  21. 21. Your Presentation Topics • What is your big picture? • What information to you want to explain? • What conclusions can you make about the big picture from your details?
  22. 22. Designing Your Presentation • Introduction – What is the big picture? What is your research apart of? – Why is this research important • Main Body – What details do people need to know? – What are your key points? – How did you find your results (method) • Conclusion – How do your results/key points relate to the big picture? – What if something changed? (further research)
  23. 23. Example presentation (Ivory Ban) 2011/10/4 Francesco Bolstad 23
  24. 24. Bad
  25. 25. 25 Key issues identified in conserving elephant populations • Enfroceable Property Rights • Biodiversity • Externalities Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion
  26. 26. 26 The effectiveness of the ivory trade ban depends on the availability of substitutes, the enforcement of property rights and the impact of anti-ivory campaigns P ($) Q D1D2 q1q2 p2 p1 S (before ban) S (poaching) P ($) Q D1 D2 q1q2 p2 p1 S (before ban) S (poaching) Ban on ivory Ban on rhino horn Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion Field, B. C., 2000, Natural Resource Economics, p.387
  27. 27. 27 The ban on rhino horn was ineffective because substitutes were unavailable P ($) Q D1D2 q1q2 p2 p1 S (before ban) S (poaching) P ($) Q D1 D2 q1q2 p2 p1 S (before ban) S (poaching) Ban on Rhino Horn Ban on ivory Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion Field, B. C., 2000, Natural Resource Economics, p.387
  28. 28. 28 The transfer of property and management rights to farmers will internalize externalities and increase the number of elephants. P ($) Q (Number of Elephants) MDF MCG MSC = MCG + MDF Q1Q2 0 MSC … Marginal Social Cost MCF … Marginal Cost of Farmer MCG … Marignal Cost of Government MSB … Marginal Social Benefit MDF … Marginal Damage to Farmer MBG … Marginal Benefit of Government MBG P1 P2 MSB MCG MSC = MCG + MCF Q3 P3 Q2 P2 MDF = MCF Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion
  29. 29. 29 The optimal harvest rate will be chosen to secure profit maximization which will ensure a sustainable elephant population Effort Totalrevenueandcost($) TR TC EMSY Grafton, R.Q, et al., 2004, The Economics of the Environment and Natural Resources, p.110 Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion
  30. 30. 30 Currently management of elephant populations are nationalized and uncoordinated Stiles, D., 2004.The ivory trade and elephant conservation. Environmental Conversation 31 (4): p. 309 “Elephant conservation and public welfare can be better served by legal ivory trade than by a trade ban, but until demand for ivory can be restrained and various monitoring and regulation measures are put into place it is premature for CITES to permit ivory sales” Introduction The Ban Key Economic Terms Conclusion
  31. 31. Good
  32. 32. Ivory trade ban and elephant conservation by Francis Bolstad Environmental Economics And the Ivory trade ban
  33. 33. 33 Agenda • Background • The Ban • Key Economic Issues • Conclusion The elephant picture in the left corner is adapted from IFAW annual report fiscal year 2003
  34. 34. 34 African and Asian elephants have different identifying features, as … Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion http://www.hedweb.com/ eleplone.htm
  35. 35. 35 Elephant populations dropped by half between 1976 - 1989, this lead to listing on CITES Appendix I thus prohibiting trade in elephant products. African Elephant Asian Elephant http://www.hedweb.com/ eleplone.htm http://www.cardamom.org/ images/ elephant_large.jpg http://www.cites.org Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion
  36. 36. 36 Ban opponents argue that the trade of elephant products will lead to increased funding for wildlife conservation and compensation for E-H conflict. Trade of elephant products Efficient Markets Supply Price ↓ Poaching and Smuggling ↓ Income from sales ↑ Wildlife Conservation ↑ Elephant – Human Conflict Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion
  37. 37. 37 Ban proponents argue that the trade of elephant products will endanger the wildlife conservation efforts through fuelling demand. Trade of elephant products Demand ↑ Supply ↑ Elephant Population ↓ Poaching and Smuggling ↑ Tourism Revenues ↓ Biodiversity ↓Funds for Wildlife Conservation ↓ Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion
  38. 38. 38 Anti-ivory campaigns have been effective in decreasing demand. However an illegal trade has remained to meet intrinsic demand - International authority as supervisor - Intrinsic demand for ivory products still exists - The ban pushes trade underground + Anti-ivory campaigns have been very successful, especially in the Western World Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion
  39. 39. 39 Key issues identified in conserving elephant populations • Enfroceable Property Rights • Biodiversity • Externalities Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion
  40. 40. 40 The increased numbers of elephants under the ban has come at a high cost - Increasing cost of enforcing anti-poaching laws and anti-ivory campaigns - Decreasing revenue from ivory sales and hunting • Continuing uncompensated damage to crops + Increase in overall elephant numbers Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion
  41. 41. 41 The effectiveness of the ivory trade ban depends on the availability of substitutes, the enforcement of property rights and the impact of anti-ivory campaigns P ($) Q D1D2 q1q2 p2 p1 S (before ban) S (poaching) P ($) Q D1 D2 q1q2 p2 p1 S (before ban) S (poaching) Ban on ivory Ban on rhino horn Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion Field, B. C., 2000, Natural Resource Economics, p.387
  42. 42. 42 The ban on rhino horn was ineffective because substitutes were unavailable P ($) Q D1D2 q1q2 p2 p1 S (before ban) S (poaching) P ($) Q D1 D2 q1q2 p2 p1 S (before ban) S (poaching) Ban on Rhino Horn Ban on ivory Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion Field, B. C., 2000, Natural Resource Economics, p.387
  43. 43. 43 The transfer of property and management rights to farmers will internalize externalities and increase the number of elephants. P ($) Q (Number of Elephants) MDF MCG MSC = MCG + MDF Q1Q2 0 MSC … Marginal Social Cost MCF … Marginal Cost of Farmer MCG … Marignal Cost of Government MSB … Marginal Social Benefit MDF … Marginal Damage to Farmer MBG … Marginal Benefit of Government MBG P1 P2 MSB MCG MSC = MCG + MCF Q3 P3 Q2 P2 MDF = MCF Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion
  44. 44. 44 The optimal harvest rate will be chosen to secure profit maximization which will ensure a sustainable elephant population Effort Totalrevenueandcost($) TR TC EMSY Grafton, R.Q, et al., 2004, The Economics of the Environment and Natural Resources, p.110 Introduction The Ban Key Economic Issues Conclusion
  45. 45. 45 Currently management of elephant populations are nationalized and uncoordinated Stiles, D., 2004.The ivory trade and elephant conservation. Environmental Conversation 31 (4): p. 309 “Elephant conservation and public welfare can be better served by legal ivory trade than by a trade ban, but until demand for ivory can be restrained and various monitoring and regulation measures are put into place it is premature for CITES to permit ivory sales” Introduction The Ban Key Economic Terms Conclusion
  46. 46. 46 Thank you for your attention Questions ?
  47. 47. Body Language The Dos and DON’Ts 2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 47
  48. 48. Body Language DOs • Eye Contact • Emphasize • Smile ! • Move around DON’Ts • Look down (Read) • Cross your arms • Touch your face • Stand in front of the overhead 2011/10/12 Copywrite Francesco Bolstad 48

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