The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary:      Is It a Diary Literature?     The 3rd International Symposium   on Liberal Arts ...
Izeki Takako:was a samurai’s  wife in the Edo erakept a diary for 5  yearsThe Izeki TakakoDiary  Photo by Akio Fukasawa
 The Izeki Takako Diary: has been studied mainly as historical documents Fukasawa’s theory (2004)  The Izeki Takako Diar...
Outline---The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary:            Is It a Diary Literature?1. Requirements to be classified as a ‘...
Outline---The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary:            Is It a Diary Literature?1. Requirements to be classified as a ‘...
Find the 1st RequirementA diary literature: • greatly expresses the author’s    subjective feelingsA diary (Not a litera...
Find the 1st RequirementA diary literature: • greatly expresses the author’s    subjective feelings (1st requirement)A d...
Find the 2nd RequirementFamous diary literatures    Public documents mainly in kana characters  in Chinese writingnot in...
Find the 3rd Requirementthe authors of Heian diary literatures:  wrote the works after they became old                   ...
Requirements to be a diary literatureNo.           Requirement 1    The author’s subjective feelings2          Not in Chin...
Outline---The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary:            Is It a Diary Literature?1. Requirements to be classified as a ‘...
Outline---The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary:            Is It a Diary Literature?1. Requirements to be classified as a ‘...
Consideration of the 1st requirement              (subjective feelings)Takako’s declaration in the first 2 sentences---”w...
Requirements                  Satisfied or                                     Not satisfied                              ...
Consideration of the 2nd requirement           (NOT in Chinese writing)The text of the Izeki Takako Diary                ...
Requirements                  Satisfied or                                     Not satisfied                              ...
Consideration of the 3rd requirement             (Selected contents)Takako’s life                         shocking  (abou...
Requirements                  Satisfied or                                     Not satisfied                              ...
Outline---The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary:            Is It a Diary Literature?1. Requirements to be classified as a ‘...
Outline---The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary:            Is It a Diary Literature?1. Requirements to be classified as a ‘...
The Izeki Takako Diary          --- A Diary Literature   Satisfying all the requirements[Hope] Active research on Edo dia...
Thank you for listening.Do you have any question?
Suggestive Example     regarding the 2nd RequirementThe Tosa Diary (by Ki no Tsurayuki)Custom at that time  Men wrote dia...
What Is ‘Literature’?Non-Literature                   Literature(Diary)                          (Diary literature)       ...
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The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary: Is It a Diary Litera-ture? - DaigoFurukawa

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The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary: Is It a Diary Litera-ture? - DaigoFurukawa

  1. 1. The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary: Is It a Diary Literature? The 3rd International Symposium on Liberal Arts and General Education Kyoto University The Department of Literature Daigo Furukawa
  2. 2. Izeki Takako:was a samurai’s wife in the Edo erakept a diary for 5 yearsThe Izeki TakakoDiary Photo by Akio Fukasawa
  3. 3.  The Izeki Takako Diary: has been studied mainly as historical documents Fukasawa’s theory (2004) The Izeki Takako Diary = a ‘diary literature’ △Fukasawa’s judgment by ambiguous creteria Is his judgment right? The Main Theme of This Study Is the Izeki Takako Diary a diary literature? The division between literature and non-literature --- Useful to clarify the subject of history &literature
  4. 4. Outline---The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary: Is It a Diary Literature?1. Requirements to be classified as a ‘diary literature’2. Whether the Izeki Takako Diary satisfies those requirements3. Conclusion: whether the Izeki Takako Diary is a diary literature
  5. 5. Outline---The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary: Is It a Diary Literature?1. Requirements to be classified as a ‘diary literature’2. Whether the Izeki Takako Diary satisfies those requirements3. Conclusion: whether the Izeki Takako Diary is a diary literature
  6. 6. Find the 1st RequirementA diary literature: • greatly expresses the author’s subjective feelingsA diary (Not a literature): • is simply a record Nihon kotembungaku daijiten [The dictionary of Japanese classical literature] (1998)
  7. 7. Find the 1st RequirementA diary literature: • greatly expresses the author’s subjective feelings (1st requirement)A diary (Not a literature): • is simply a record Nihon kotembungaku daijiten [The dictionary of Japanese classical literature] (1998)
  8. 8. Find the 2nd RequirementFamous diary literatures Public documents mainly in kana characters  in Chinese writingnot in Chinese writing(2nd requirement) The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary 8
  9. 9. Find the 3rd Requirementthe authors of Heian diary literatures: wrote the works after they became old apply the text in the Edo era (decrease in the works in the form of recollection) expand and modifyselection of the contents to write (3rd requirement)
  10. 10. Requirements to be a diary literatureNo. Requirement 1 The author’s subjective feelings2 Not in Chinese writing3 Selected contents * The work needs to satisfy ALL these requirements.
  11. 11. Outline---The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary: Is It a Diary Literature?1. Requirements to be classified as a ‘diary literature’2. Whether the Izeki Takako Diary satisfies those requirements3. Conclusion: whether the Izeki Takako Diary is a diary literature
  12. 12. Outline---The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary: Is It a Diary Literature?1. Requirements to be classified as a ‘diary literature’2. Whether the Izeki Takako Diary satisfies those requirements3. Conclusion: whether the Izeki Takako Diary is a diary literature
  13. 13. Consideration of the 1st requirement (subjective feelings)Takako’s declaration in the first 2 sentences---”write unimportant and personal things” Along this line…logical criticism of ConfuciansJapanese poems →expressions of her beliefs and feelings →1st requirement --- ○
  14. 14. Requirements Satisfied or Not satisfied ○ 1st Requirement(The author’s subjective feelings) 2nd Requirement (Not in Chinese writing) 3rd Requirement (Selected contents)
  15. 15. Consideration of the 2nd requirement (NOT in Chinese writing)The text of the Izeki Takako Diary Japanese writing →2nd requirement --- ○ Photo by Akio Fukasawa
  16. 16. Requirements Satisfied or Not satisfied ○ 1st Requirement(The author’s subjective feelings) ○ 2nd Requirement (Not in Chinese writing) 3rd Requirement (Selected contents)
  17. 17. Consideration of the 3rd requirement (Selected contents)Takako’s life shocking (about 20 years old) 1st marriage →Divorce (about 30 years old) 2nd marriage →SuccessIn the Izeki Takako Diary… NO descriptions about her 1st marriage and the divorce (avoiding deliberately) →selecting the contents to write →3rd requirement --- ○
  18. 18. Requirements Satisfied or Not satisfied ○ 1st Requirement(The author’s subjective feelings) ○ 2nd Requirement (Not in Chinese writing) ○ 3rd Requirement (Selected contents)
  19. 19. Outline---The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary: Is It a Diary Literature?1. Requirements to be classified as a ‘diary literature’2. Whether the Izeki Takako Diary satisfies those requirements3. Conclusion: whether the Izeki Takako Diary is a diary literature
  20. 20. Outline---The Study of the Izeki Takako Diary: Is It a Diary Literature?1. Requirements to be classified as a ‘diary literature’2. Whether the Izeki Takako Diary satisfies those requirements3. Conclusion: whether the Izeki Takako Diary is a diary literature
  21. 21. The Izeki Takako Diary --- A Diary Literature Satisfying all the requirements[Hope] Active research on Edo diary literatures The division between a diary and a diary literature
  22. 22. Thank you for listening.Do you have any question?
  23. 23. Suggestive Example regarding the 2nd RequirementThe Tosa Diary (by Ki no Tsurayuki)Custom at that time Men wrote diaries in Chinese writingThe case of Ki no Tsurayuki He wrote the Tosa Diary in kana characters (by pretending that the author was a woman) The Tosa Diary = Literature
  24. 24. What Is ‘Literature’?Non-Literature Literature(Diary) (Diary literature) × Subjective feelings ○ × Selection of the contents ○ Cf. Sōseki Natume (1907) Literature = ‘F(Things) + f(Emotions)’

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