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Sumer
Sumer
Sumer
Sumer
Sumer
Sumer
Sumer
Sumer
Sumer
Sumer
Sumer
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Sumer

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  • 1. The Sumerian Civilization
  • 2. The Land of the Lords Brightness
    • Sumer meaning “land of the lords brightness”, was a civilization and historical region in southern Mesopotamia.
    • It is the earliest known civilization in the world and is known as the Cradle of Civilization.
    • The Sumerian Civilization spanned over 3000 years (starting in the mid millennium BC).
  • 3. Sumerian Cities
    • There were at least 12 cities such as: Ur, Uruk, Kish, Lagash.
    • These city states were centered around a temple for the city’s gods.
    • These cities were surrounded by agriculture.
    • One of the reasons that the Sumerian civilization was so advanced is because it had it had extensive trading networks on land and sea.
  • 4. Religion
    • The Sumerians were extremely religious, all events were determined by gods.
    • The Monarch was an agent to god.
    • There were religious duties subject to accept king’s rule.
  • 5. Class Systems
    • The Commoners in Sumerian were illiterate.
    • The Sumerians created a successful currency system.
    • Kings were once elected, but then their system became hereditary.
    • The Sumerians were paternalistic, men dominate, while women in their culture were low.
  • 6. Art
    • They made their works mostly out of clay which was abundant in this region.
    • The Sumerian used sculpture for religious purposes.
    • Sumerian religious sculpture included many depictions of naked men in silent prayer.
    • In Sumerian culture, male gods were of higher worship than female gods, although mortal men and women were depicted as equals.
    • Marble and Diorite was also used to make sculpture.
    • The Sumerians hammered Gold which was used on sculpture, of only the gods and goddesses.
    • Gold was also found in the tombs of Kings.
  • 7.  
  • 8. Architecture
    • Sumerians built building using a platform structure, which started at ground level.
    • These temples were made from mud and brick.
    • When finished these temples were square shaped.
    • There would be three platforms, one on top of the other.
    • The uppermost platform was for the gods. The middle platform was used for religious purpose.
  • 9.  
  • 10. Sumerian Government
    • Sumerian Government was a monarchy.
    • It was leveled by the priest-king who had total control over the military, society and state.
    • They ruled through divine right, given by the priest.
  • 11. Work Cited
    • http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/cho1.htm
    • http://www.crystalinks.com/sumereconomy>.html
    • http://www.crystalinks.com/sumereligion.html
    • http.//www. joseph_berrigan . triped .com

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