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Osteoporosis Prevention
 

Osteoporosis Prevention

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Violet Lagari of University of Miami Health System discussed osteoporosis prevention and women's health at the 2011 WellBeingWell Conference in Miami.

Violet Lagari of University of Miami Health System discussed osteoporosis prevention and women's health at the 2011 WellBeingWell Conference in Miami.

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  • “Osteoporosis” means “bones that are that are full of holes”Osteoporosis can develop without symptomsYou may not know you have the disease until a bone fractures
  • Bone is living tissue, which is constantly being broken down and rebuilt, a process called remodelingBone is renewed like skin, hair and nailsLoss of bone tissue makes bones fragile and more likely to fracture
  • DXA (Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry) is the “gold standard” Measures bone density in the hip, spine, and forearmPainless, non-invasive, requires no injectionsTakes 10 - 20 minutesWho needs testingIf you have major risk factors for osteoporosisIf you have a family history of osteoporosisIf you have a personal history of fractures after age 45If you are on prolonged use of steroidsIf you are postmenopausal, and not on estrogen replacement therapyConsult your healthcare provider
  • Calcium content may vary greatly between different brands of foodThe percentage of calcium in a food is based on 1000 milligrams. A food containing 20% calcium = 200 mgA food containing 10-19% of calcium is a good source; 20% of calcium or higher is a very good source

Osteoporosis Prevention Osteoporosis Prevention Presentation Transcript

  • Osteoporosis: calcium, Vitamin D – which supplements and vitamins women should take and why
    Violet Lagari, DO, MPH
    Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
    University of Miami School of Medicine
  • OSTEOPOROSIS: THE SILENT DISEASE
    Normal PostureDowager’s Hump
  • HEALTHY VERSUS OSTEOPOROTIC BONE
    Note: arrow points to micro - fracture
  • DXA-BONE DENSITY TESTING
  • CALCIUM’S FUNCTION
    Blood clotting (control bleeding)
    Regulates heart beat
    Muscle function
    Nerve transmission
    Bone formation
  • DAILY CALCIUM REQUIREMENTS
    Age
    1-3 years
    4-8 years
    9-18 years
    19-50 years
    over 50 years
    Milligrams (mg)
    500
    800
    1,300
    1,000
    1,200- 1,500
    National Academy of Science
  • VITAMIN D
    • Vitamin D is necessary for calcium to be absorbed
    • Multivitamin or calcium tablets may contain 400 IU daily (don’t exceed 800)
    • Vitamin D is in milk (100 IU in 1 cup)
  • SUMMARY
    Calcium Rich Diet
    Vitamin D
    Prevent Falls
    Weight-Bearing Exercise