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ceu tb CNA.pptx

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Transcript

  • 1. Tuberculosis Information 2ceu
  • 2. Purpose and Objectives
    • The purpose of this course is to provide information about Tuberculosis.
    • 1. Describe TB in the U.S.
    • 2. Describe the reasons for recent increases in TB.
    • 3. Describe how TB is spread.
    • 4. Describe how TB is diagnosed.
    • 5. Describe why TB is important in patients with
    • HIV.
  • 3. Introduction
    • Many people think tuberculosis (TB) is a disease of the past. But TB is still a leading killer of young adults worldwide. Some 2 billion people � one-third of the world's population � are infected with TB, which is a chronic bacterial infection . It is spread through the air and usually infects the lungs. Most persons that are infected with TB harbor the bacterium without symptoms but many develop active TB disease. Each year, 8 million people worldwide develop active TB and 3 million die from TB each year.
  • 4.  
  • 5. Status of TB Today
  • 6.  
  • 7. True or False? People who are HIV positive have a higher risk of TB
  • 8.
      • True!
      • People with HIV are particularly vulnerable to TB
  • 9.  
  • 10.
      • True or False?
      • TB is spread through skin to skin contact
  • 11.
      • False!
      • TB is an airborne disease and is spread through coughing, sneezing etc.
  • 12.  
  • 13.
      • True or False?
      • If the body�s resistance is low, there is greater chance of developing active TB.
  • 14.
      • True!
      • Low resistance can be caused by aging, infections like HIV, poor nutrition, or for other reasons, can lead to development of active TB
  • 15. What is "Active" Disease?
  • 16.
    • A person with latent TB is not contagious.
  • 17.
      • True or False?
      • Early symptoms of TB include a severe, hacking cough.
  • 18.
      • False!
      • Early symptoms may not include a cough, but do include weight loss, fever, night sweats, and loss of appetite.
  • 19. Symptoms of TB infections
    • Persistent and productive cough, weight loss, bloody sputum, night sweats, fever, and anorexia are common symptoms of TB infection.
  • 20. How is TB Diagnosed?
  • 21.  
  • 22.
      • True or False?
      • TB is a curable disease.
  • 23.
      • True!
      • With appropriate treatment, TB is curable in 9 out of 10 patients.
  • 24. Importance of Completing Treatment
  • 25.
      • True or False?
      • If a patient does not complete all his anti-TB medications, he is more likely to develop multi-drug resistant TB (MDR- TB).
  • 26.
    • True!
    • The TB bacteria goes stronger if medication doses are missed or if the course of antibiotics is not completed.
  • 27. Can MDR-TB be Treated?
  • 28. How is TB Prevented?
  • 29.
      • True or False?
      • Using appropriate isolation precautions when working with a TB patient helps prevent the spread of TB.
  • 30.
      • True!
      • Precautions include masks, ultraviolet lights, special filters, and special respirators
  • 31. Is There a Vaccine for TB?
  • 32.
      • True or False?
      • BCG Vaccine is recommended only for babies in the US, as it is not very effective in adults.
  • 33.
      • False.
      • BCG Vaccine is not recommended for general use in adults or babies in the United States.
      • Is There a Vaccine for TB?
  • 34. How is M. tuberculosis Infection Different in People with HIV Infection?
  • 35.
      • True or False?
      • TB cannot be prevented in patients who are HIV positive.
  • 36.
      • False!
      • TB can be both prevented and treated in patients with HIV.
  • 37. TB Infection in HIV Patients
  • 38. Conclusion
  • 39.
    • Click here to start your TB post test questions

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