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COMPUTATIONAL STYLISTICSFatma Reyhan Balci (0733166)Auliar Najiihah Mehzabeen (0818374)Atiqah binti Abdul Shukor (0831190)Nursyahila binti Mohd Yusop (0919788)
INTRODUCTION Analyzing the topic of a text (what it says) and style of a text (how it says it). Stylistic analysis is also fundamental to the recognition of uses of language which discern one author from another. An authors style is his signature.
COMPUTATIONAL STYLISTICS Study of patterns formed in particular texts, authors, genres, periods via computational methods. Through the use of computers, it should be possible to achieve more accurate detection and explanation of such linguistic patterns.
SCOPE OF COMPUTATIONAL STYLISTICS To find patterns in language that are linked to the processes of writing and reading. To find "style" in the wider sense, but which are not demonstrable without computational methods. For example: to examine patterns of association and difference among Shakespeare’s plays, based on their spoken dialogue.
EXAMPLES OF CORPUS USED FOR COMPUTATIONAL STYLISTIC Literary fields: Literary texts (play, poems, novel, short stories). Shakespeare’s works. Websites. Blogs.
CORPUS The Merchant Of Venice http://marialou.tripod.com/summary.html
RELEVANCE TO LANGUAGE LEARNING OR LANGUAGE RESEARCH To determine the language of literary works. The language research (literary language). To reveal differences among many types of dialogues or the language use. Language used in a special way; never reflects everyday speech and may depart from the grammatical and other norms of speech Literary language; quite unconscious, direct, sensitive, requires no reference to non-literary usage.
SYNOPSIS OF STUDY(EMPIRICAL STUDY) Title: “Now I am alone” Journal: A corpus stylistic approach to Shakespearian soliloquies, by Sean Murphy, Lancaster University. Research Questions: Objectives: 1. To show what a corpus stylistic analysis can reveal about the linguistic nature of soliloquies as opposed to dialogue in Shakespeare’s plays. 2. To what extent this methodological approach can highlight distinctions between comedies, histories and tragedies, and early plays as opposed to mid-career works.
METHODOLOGY 12 Shakespeare’s plays were chosen by the researcher and soliloquies/aside document and interactional language were created to document each play and calculate the percentage of self talk. Secondly, Multilingual Corpus Toolkit was used to uncover further layers of meaning. And lastly, Wordsmith Tools was used to carry out concordances on selected findings to determine frequent collocations.
FINDINGS Self-talk vs. Interactional language-it has been found that there are overuses of interjections like “O..”, and the expressions of doubt “with” and “And yet…”. Comedic soliloquies-about love and relationships; tragic heroes contemplate religion and the supernatural; and historical figures seem to contemplate themselves. Soliloquiesers - give implicit stage directions, reveal future intentions, and generalize. In terms of topics-soliloquies appear to talk at great length about anatomy and physiology, thoughts, colours, love and deception.
REFLECTION Computational Stylistic is useful in analysing a texts, authors, genres and periods. This type of Corpus Linguistic is useful especially to Language students for they help students to understand the relations between texts, author and period. More research should be done in particular texts in computational stylistic to advance language learning.