Principles of animal nutrition


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Principles of animal nutrition

  1. 1. PRINCIPLES OF ANIMAL NUTRITION 4 (2-2) THEORY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. The Science of nutrition and its scope, History and the role of the past scientist in the development of the science of nutrition, Basic terms used in animal nutrition, Composition of animal body and plants and its interaction, Classification of nutrients, Classification of carbohydrates, Functions of carbohydrates. Classification of lipids. Functions of lipids. Water, its importance and functions, Factors governing water requirements of livestock and poultry, Classification of minerals and their general functions, Role of macro-minerals in animal nutrition, Impact of mineral deficiency and toxicity of minerals, Impact of mineral deficiency and toxicity . Classification of vitamins and their general functions, Importance of fat soluble vitamins, Interrelationship of vitamins, minerals and their toxicity, Feed additives and their use in livestock and poultry feeding, Nutrition in relation to body maintenance and growth., Nutrition in relation to reproduction. Nutrition in relation to animal production, Digestion mechanism of lipids in mono-gastric and ruminant animals, Digestion mechanism of carbohydrates in ruminants, Digestion mechanism of proteins in ruminants, Metabolism of carbohydrates, Metabolism of proteins, Metabolism of lipids.
  2. 2. PRACTICAL 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Identification of feedstuffs, Identification of forages, Physical characteristics of cereals and cereals byproducts, Physical characteristics of forages, Physical characteristics of agro-industrial byproducts and wastes for protein and energy sources, Feed samples collection techniques, Forage samples collection techniques, Feed samples preparation for analysis, Introduction to feed analysis equipments, Grinding and weighing of samples, Analysis of dry matter and ash, Analysis of crude protein, Analysis of crude fat, Analysis of crude fiber, Introduction to mineral analysis BOOKS RECOMMENDED 1. Perry, T.W., A.E. Cullison and R.S. Lowrey. 1999. Feeds and Feeding. 5th Ed. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, USA. 2. Lander, P.E. 2001. The Feeding of Farm Animals in India.Biotech Books, New Delhi, India. 3. Ensminger M.E., J.E. Oldfield and W.W. Heinemann. 1990. Feeds and Nutrition Digest (2nd Ed). The Ensminger Publishing Co., Clovis, California, USA.
  3. 3. ANIMAL FEED RESOURCES & FORAGE CONVERSATION 4(2-2) THEORY S. No 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Topic Classification of animal feed stuffs, Nutritive value of different feedstuffs, Anti-nutritional factors Feed resources of Pakistan for poultry, Availability trends of feedstuffs, Feeding practices in livestock farming Scope for improving fodder production Forage crops conservation Advantages and disadvantages of hay making Techniques of hay making, Hay feeding practices, Choice of forage crops for silage Agro industrial by products and their availability and biological treatments, Supplementation strategies for stall fed and grazing animals Feed additives, their classification, mode of action and uses in ruminants and poultry. Lectures
  4. 4. PRACTICAL 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Identification of fodder and forage species, Morphological characteristics of forage species, Hay making Hay quality evaluation, Silage preparation demonstration Silage preparation, Laboratory analysis of silage samples for quality, Laboratory analysis of silage samples for dry matter, Laboratory analysis of silage samples for Ph, Laboratory analysis of silage samples for ammonia N, Urea treatment of cereal straw, Alkali/ammonia treatment of cereal straw, Preparation of multi nutrition feed blocks BOOKS RECOMMENDED 1. Sarwar, M. and C.S. Ali. 2000. The rumen; Digestive Physiology and Feeding Management. The friend science publisher.39-B; Peoples Colony No. 1, Faisalabad. 2. Perry, T.W., A.E. Cullision and R.S. Lowery. 1999. Feeds and Feeding. 5th Edition.Prentice Hall, New Jersey, USA. 3. Renard, C. 1997. Crop Residues in sustainable Mixed Crop/Livestock Farming systems. CAB International UK. 4. Dennis, J.W. 1990. Forage in Ruminant Nutrition. Academic Press Inc., Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers, USA. 5. Ensminger, M.E., J.E. Old Field and W.W. Heinemann. 1990. Latest Edition, Feeds and Nutrition Digest. The Ensminger Publisher Co. Clovis, California, USA. 6. Preston, T.R. and R.A. Leng. 1987. Matching Ruminants Production 7. systems with Available Feed Resource in the Tropics and Subtropics. Penambul Books, Armidale, Australia.