Dental Terminology


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Dental Terminology

  1. 1. Dental Terminology Dr. Syed Sadatullah College of Dentistry King Khalid University
  2. 2. Contents 1. Surfaces of teeth 2. Line angles and point angles 3. Depressions and Elevations on teeth 4. Division in thirds Objectives The prime objective of this lecture is to introduce the dental terminology and its application
  3. 3. <ul><li>Learning nomenclature is the first and very important step in understanding dental anatomy. </li></ul><ul><li>Crown is covered with enamel and root is covered with cementum. The crown and root join at the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) which is also called the cervical line. The junction of cementum and dentine is called cemento-dentinal junction. The junction of dentine and enamel is called dentinoenamel junction (DEJ). </li></ul><ul><li>To study and facilitate communication various surfaces of teeth are recognized and given names. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Surfaces of teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Crowns of all teeth have five surfaces. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Facial Surface </li></ul><ul><li>Facial surface can be labial surface or buccal surface. </li></ul><ul><li>a. Labial surface. The surfaces of incisors and canines that are towards the lip. </li></ul><ul><li>b. Buccal surface. The surfaces of premolars and molars that face the cheek. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>2. Lingual Surface (Palatal surface) </li></ul><ul><li>All surfaces facing towards the tongue. </li></ul>palatal
  6. 6. 3. Proximal Surfaces a. Mesial Surface All surfaces towards the midline. b. Distal Surface All surfaces away from the midline. Mesial surface and Distal surface are collectively called proximal surface. Proximal surfaces
  7. 7. <ul><li>4. Incisal or Occlusal surface </li></ul><ul><li>a. Incisal surface. The surface of incisors and canines that come in contact with those in the opposite jaws during the act of closure are called incisal surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>b. Occlusal surface. The surface of premolars and molars that come in contact with those in the opposite jaws during the act of closure are called occlusal surfaces. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Maxillary Arch
  9. 9. Mandibular Arch
  10. 10. 4 3 2 1 1 1. Labial surface 2. Mesial surface 3. Distal surface 4. Incisal surface
  11. 11. 3 3 3 2 1 1. Buccal surface 2. Lingual surface 3. Occlusal surface
  12. 12. <ul><li>Line and Point angles </li></ul><ul><li>When two of these surfaces meet, a line angle is formed and when three surfaces meet a point angle is formed </li></ul>Line angle Point angle
  13. 13. Line angles of anterior teeth 1. Mesio labial 2. Disto labial 3. Mesiolingual 4. Distolingual 5. Labioincisal 6. Linguoincisal
  14. 14. Line angles of Anterior teeth
  15. 15. Line angles of posterior teeth 1. Mesiobuccal 2. Distobuccal 3. Mesiolingual 4. Distolingual 5. Mesio-occlusal 6. Disto-occlusal 7. Bucco-occlusal 8. Linguo-occlusal
  16. 16. Line angles of Posterior teeth
  17. 17. <ul><li>Point angles of anterior teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Mesiolabioincisal </li></ul><ul><li>Distolabioincisal </li></ul><ul><li>Mesiolinguoincisal </li></ul><ul><li>Distolinguoincisal </li></ul>Point angles of Anterior teeth
  18. 18. <ul><li>Point angles of posterior teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Mesiobucco-occlusal </li></ul><ul><li>Distobucco-occlusal </li></ul><ul><li>Mesiolinguo-occlusal </li></ul><ul><li>Distolinguo-occlusal </li></ul>Point angles of Posterior teeth
  19. 19. Depressions on tooth surface 1. Pit. A sharp pinpoint depression on the surface of the enamel 2. Fossa . An irregular depression or concavity on the surface of a tooth. 2 1 1. Pit 2. Fossa
  20. 20. 3. Sulcus . A long depression on the surface of a tooth. 4. Groove is a shallow linear depression on the surface of a tooth. A developmental groove is a shallow groove or line between the primary parts of the crown or root. A supplemental groove is less distinct and does not mark the junction of primary parts.
  21. 21. 1 1. Developmental grooves
  22. 22. Elevations on tooth surface 1. Cusp . An elevation or mound on the crown of a tooth. C C C C C Cusps C
  23. 23. 2. Cingulum is the lingual lobe of an anterior tooth and makes up the bulk of the cervical third of the lingual surface. Cingulum C
  24. 24. 3. Lobe is one of the primary sections of formation in the development of the crown. Cusps and mamelons are representative of lobes. 4. Mamelons are three rounded protuberances found on the incisal ridges of newly erupted incisor teeth.
  25. 25. Ridge . A linear elevation on the surface of a tooth Marginal ridges are rounded borders of enamel that form the mesial and distal margins of the occlusal surfaces of posterior teeth and the mesial and distal margins of the lingual surfaces of anterior teeth. Triangular ridge is a ridge that descends from the tips of the cusps of molars and premolars towards the centre part of the occlusal surface. Transverse ridge is formed by the union of buccal and lingual triangular ridges. Oblique ridge is a ridge obliquely crossing the occlusal surfaces of maxillary molars. Dr.Syed Sadatullah Ibnsina National Medical College
  26. 26. 1. Marginal ridge 2. Triangular ridge 3. Oblique ridge 1 1 2 2 3 1 1
  27. 27. Occlusal aspect of Maxillary Molar
  28. 28. Occlusal aspect of Mandibular Molar
  29. 29. <ul><li>Other important terms </li></ul><ul><li>Mid line. An imaginary line dividing the upper and lower arches into two equal halves. </li></ul><ul><li>Anterior. Pertaining to or towards the front plane of the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Posterior. Pertaining to or towards the back plane of the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Superior. Situated above another or towards the head. </li></ul><ul><li>Inferior. Situated beneath another or towards the feet. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Anterior Teeth Posterior Teeth
  31. 31. <ul><li>Division in thirds </li></ul><ul><li>To make study and communication easier the crown and root are divided into three halves. </li></ul><ul><li>Division in thirds occluso-gingivally (Crown) </li></ul><ul><li>1. Cervical third </li></ul><ul><li>2. Middle third </li></ul><ul><li>3. Incisal/Occlusal third </li></ul>incisal Middle cervical cervical Occlusal Middle
  32. 32. Division in thirds facio-lingually (Crown) Crown when viewed from front 1. Mesial third 2. Middle third 3. Distal third Distal Middle Mesial
  33. 33. Mesial Middle Distal M D Mesial Middle Distal M D
  34. 34. <ul><li>Division in thirds facio-lingually (Crown) </li></ul><ul><li>Crown when viewed from the side </li></ul><ul><li>1. Facial third </li></ul><ul><li>2. Middle third </li></ul><ul><li>3. Lingual third </li></ul>
  35. 35. Division in thirds-root 1. Cervical third 2. Middle third 3. Apical third
  36. 36. A M C A A M M C C – Cervical M – Middle A – Apical