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Plate tectonics
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Plate tectonics

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Transcript

  • 1. Theory of Plate Tectonics Plate Tectonics Plate Boundaries Causes of Plate Tectonics
  • 2. Plate Tectonics
  • 3. What is Plate Tectonics • The Earth’s crust and upper mantle are broken into sections called plates • Plates move around on top of the mantle like rafts
  • 4. What is the Lithosphere? • The crust and part of the upper mantle = lithosphere –100 km thick –Less dense than the material below it so it “floats”
  • 5. What is the Asthenoshere? • The plastic layer below the lithosphere = asthenosphere • The plates of the lithosphere float on the asthenosphere
  • 6. 2 Types of Plates • Ocean plates - plates below the oceans • Continental plates - plates below the continents
  • 7. Questions... • What is the theory of plate tectonics? • What is the lithosphere? • What is the asthenosphere? • What is the connection between the two? • What are the two types of plates?
  • 8. Plate Boundaries
  • 9. Divergent Boundaries • Boundary between two plates that are moving apart or rifting  • RIFTING causes SEAFLOOR SPREADING
  • 10. Features of Divergent Boundaries • Mid-ocean ridges • rift valleys • fissure volcanoes
  • 11. Convergent Boundaries • Boundaries between two plates that are colliding   • There are 3 types…
  • 12. Type 1 • Ocean plate colliding with a less dense continental plate • Subduction Zone: where the less dense plate slides under the more dense plate • VOLCANOES occur at subduction zones
  • 13. Andes Mountains, South America
  • 14. Type 2 • Ocean plate colliding with another ocean plate • The less dense plate slides under the more dense plate creating a subduction zone called a TRENCH
  • 15. Aleutian Islands, Alaska
  • 16. Type 3 • A continental plate colliding with another continental plate • Have Collision Zones: –a place where folded and thrust faulted mountains form.
  • 17. Transform Fault Boundaries • Boundary between two plates that are sliding past each other • EARTHQUAKES along faults
  • 18. San Andreas Fault, CA
  • 19. Questions... • What are the three types of boundaries? • What direction do plates go for each? • Which boundary has a subduction zone…what occurs at a subduction zone?
  • 20. Causes of Plate Tectonics
  • 21. Convection Currents • Hot magma in the Earth moves toward the surface, cools, then sinks again. • Creates convection currents beneath the plates that cause the plates to move.
  • 22. Questions... • What causes plates to move? • How is a convection current formed?