8/11/2009<br />1<br />MAKING ALGAE EASY.<br />
An introduction toSasaranBiofuelsSdnBhd<br />
GROUP OVERVIEW<br />SUMMARY<br /><ul><li>Group Overview
Our Mission
Group Activities
Biomac
SasaranBiofuel
Bio Herbal Extracts
The Site – Lab, Factory and Ponds
InPremia
Our Algae Lab
Pilot Ponds and PBR
An example of a system
TheAlgatech Approach
Conclusion</li></li></ul><li>GROUP OVERVIEW<br />Algaetech Sdn Bhd (“Algaetech”) was incorporated in Malaysia in 2004 as a...
GROUP OVERVIEW<br />Algaetech was founded to :<br /><ul><li>Acquire specific intellectual property, and exclusive microalg...
 Establish a fully integrated cultivation operation in Malaysia and the region.
 Establish quality products from microalgae for the global market.
 Establish joint ventures as may be required to advance Algaetech's mission.
 Engage in other such beneficial activities related to its existing plan that the Group determines will benefit its overal...
GROUP ACTIVITIES<br />The pioneer in R&D and Pre-Commercialisation of algae for biodiesel in Malaysia.<br />The project re...
GROUP ACTIVITIES<br />  Project Milestone<br />
GROUP ACTIVITIES<br /><ul><li>Sasaran provides project management, technology transfer and technical </li></ul>    experti...
GROUP ACTIVITIES<br />Utilisation of power plant resources for growing selected microalgae at a low energy cost for valuab...
 All year algae production
 Low cost flue gas, CO2
 Low cost water source
 Residual energy
 Arid land </li></ul>Smoke fan<br />Ash collector<br />Flue gas<br />Microalgae pond<br />
GROUP ACTIVITIES<br />Commercialisation of haematococcus pluvialis for production of astaxanthin, the first in Malaysia an...
The farming and processing will be undertaken utilizing  Algaetech's new and proprietary technology, while exploiting exis...
BHE will be establishing its plant in TPM. The plant is a sophisticated, highly secure and fully operational state of the ...
BHE believes that it can supply the global market with a superior quality microalgae at lower cost. Additionally, by virtu...
STATE OF THE ART LABORATORY<br />The Algaetech lab is culturing different types of strains and is being monitored closely ...
STATE OF THE ART LABORATORY<br />
STATE OF THE ART LABORATORY<br />
CULTURING ACTIVITIES<br />
PILOT POND UNDER CONSTRUCTION<br />
PROTOTYPE PHOTOBIORECATOR<br />
A TYPICAL IDEA FOR CO2 SEQUESTERING AND ALGAE PRODUCTION<br />
THE BASICS<br />CHEAP, CHEAPER, CHEAPEST CO2<br />PLENTY OF SUNLIGHT (NOT TOO MUCH)<br />
PROTOTYPE PHOTOBIORECATOR<br />
ASEAN ROADMAP FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY<br />
The Varicon-Aqua Ventures<br />Malaysia to be the algae hub for Asia.<br />One stop technology centre for algae industry<b...
AFFILIATES & ASSOCIATES<br />
CONCLUSION<br />In Summary, :<br />Developed exclusive proprietary microalgae cultivation technology capable of providing ...
Introducing Varicon Aqua Solutions Ltd<br />Company formed in October 2005 by J.McDonald, D.Guest<br />Part of a group of ...
BioFences Around the Globe.<br />60 operational units worldwide.<br />Standard test rig capacities from: 400L  to 2400L. <...
Activity<br />Expanding sales of the BioFence throughout the UK, Ireland, throughout Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, Gre...
Live algae productionTHE Varicon BIOFENCE<br />WHAT IS THE BIOFENCE?<br />A HIGHLY EFFICIENT AND RELIABLE METHOD FOR PRODU...
ProductivityBag Reactor vs Varicon BioFence<br />T<br />B<br />A<br />G<br />S<br />Y<br />S<br />T<br />E<br />M<br />N<b...
The Varicon BioFences in Operation<br />SHELL OIL FUEL PROJECT<br />CO2 CAPTURE PROJECT UK<br />EARTH CENTRE UK<br />CONSE...
The Varicon BioFences in Operation<br />BioFence in Montana<br />Oceanic Institute Ohau<br />Industrial Pilot BioFence<br />
THE Varicon BIOFENCES IN OPERATION<br />BLUE LAGOON ICELAND<br />BRITISH NUCLEAR FULES LTD<br />US FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE<...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Sasaran Varicon Presentation

1,603 views
1,522 views

Published on

sasaran varicon information

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,603
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
44
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Sasaran Varicon Presentation

  1. 1. 8/11/2009<br />1<br />MAKING ALGAE EASY.<br />
  2. 2. An introduction toSasaranBiofuelsSdnBhd<br />
  3. 3. GROUP OVERVIEW<br />SUMMARY<br /><ul><li>Group Overview
  4. 4. Our Mission
  5. 5. Group Activities
  6. 6. Biomac
  7. 7. SasaranBiofuel
  8. 8. Bio Herbal Extracts
  9. 9. The Site – Lab, Factory and Ponds
  10. 10. InPremia
  11. 11. Our Algae Lab
  12. 12. Pilot Ponds and PBR
  13. 13. An example of a system
  14. 14. TheAlgatech Approach
  15. 15. Conclusion</li></li></ul><li>GROUP OVERVIEW<br />Algaetech Sdn Bhd (“Algaetech”) was incorporated in Malaysia in 2004 as an investment holding company with group activities in the micro algae research, development, consultancy, production and marketing for renewable energy and high value products of<br />anti-oxidants (better known as functional food).<br />ALGAETECH GROUP COMPRISES<br />Research and development of algae for biofuel<br />Cultivation of haematococcus pluvialis for production of astaxanthin<br />Consultancy of micro algae development for renewable energy<br />and high value products from flue gas<br />
  16. 16. GROUP OVERVIEW<br />Algaetech was founded to :<br /><ul><li>Acquire specific intellectual property, and exclusive microalgae cultivation technology for commercial use.
  17. 17. Establish a fully integrated cultivation operation in Malaysia and the region.
  18. 18. Establish quality products from microalgae for the global market.
  19. 19. Establish joint ventures as may be required to advance Algaetech's mission.
  20. 20. Engage in other such beneficial activities related to its existing plan that the Group determines will benefit its overall business strategy</li></li></ul><li>MISSION STATEMENT<br />“ To become the leading, innovative and advance algae research<br />and development centre and the largest producer of<br />algae company in Asia “<br />
  21. 21. GROUP ACTIVITIES<br />The pioneer in R&D and Pre-Commercialisation of algae for biodiesel in Malaysia.<br />The project received a Technofund Grant from the Malaysian Ministry of Science, <br />Technology and Innovation totaling RM2.0 million (US$600k). <br />Project Objectives :<br />To build a commercial algae production pond using the latest and advance technology in Malaysia; <br />To conduct research and development on the Biological and Chemical Engineering of microalgae production systems for the Biodiesel production and processing in Malaysia;<br />To build and set up a Biodiesel processing plant on the extraction and production of biodiesel from algae;<br />To patent the IP of the improved algae production and the extraction of Crude Algae Oil and processed biodiesel from algae;<br />To market the technology, know-how and the product (algae-based products and biodiesel) locally and internationally.<br />
  22. 22. GROUP ACTIVITIES<br /> Project Milestone<br />
  23. 23. GROUP ACTIVITIES<br /><ul><li>Sasaran provides project management, technology transfer and technical </li></ul> expertise to develop a solution to minimize and mitigate CO2 emissions through <br /> the diversion of the CO2 to open algal ponds and enclosed photobioractors as <br /> algal propagation technologies to consume CO2 waste streams. <br /><ul><li>The company is presently consulting a listed company from Indonesia to address </li></ul> the technology know-how and implementation of microalgae development from <br /> the flue gas of the Group’s power plants. <br />
  24. 24. GROUP ACTIVITIES<br />Utilisation of power plant resources for growing selected microalgae at a low energy cost for valuable products and bio-fuels while providing CO2 Sequestering<br /><ul><li>Low cost algae agriculture
  25. 25. All year algae production
  26. 26. Low cost flue gas, CO2
  27. 27. Low cost water source
  28. 28. Residual energy
  29. 29. Arid land </li></ul>Smoke fan<br />Ash collector<br />Flue gas<br />Microalgae pond<br />
  30. 30. GROUP ACTIVITIES<br />Commercialisation of haematococcus pluvialis for production of astaxanthin, the first in Malaysia and South East Asia. <br />The project is partly funded by Malaysian Technology Development Corporation (MTDC) for a US$1.0 million grant and scheduled to commence in March 2009. <br /><ul><li>The global microalgae market is a multi billion industry and is rapidly expanding.
  31. 31. The farming and processing will be undertaken utilizing Algaetech's new and proprietary technology, while exploiting existing resources available in Malaysia
  32. 32. BHE will be establishing its plant in TPM. The plant is a sophisticated, highly secure and fully operational state of the art research facility. Testing has commenced on the proprietary technology and has been proven successful.
  33. 33. BHE believes that it can supply the global market with a superior quality microalgae at lower cost. Additionally, by virtue of the cultivation method, BHE can also contribute to preserving environmental quality and cleanliness.</li></li></ul><li>THE SITE<br />Pond One<br />Pond Two<br />Factory and Lab<br />
  34. 34. STATE OF THE ART LABORATORY<br />The Algaetech lab is culturing different types of strains and is being monitored closely by a group of young researchers and algae consultants. The main objective is to optimize the growth under “tropical” environment. With conventional propagation methodology, coupled with raceway ponds, The Biofence Photobioractor in collaboration with Ingrepro (Netherlands) and Vericon (Scotland), Algaetech’s facilities will provide the<br />required R&D for the right strains.<br />
  35. 35. STATE OF THE ART LABORATORY<br />
  36. 36. STATE OF THE ART LABORATORY<br />
  37. 37. CULTURING ACTIVITIES<br />
  38. 38. PILOT POND UNDER CONSTRUCTION<br />
  39. 39. PROTOTYPE PHOTOBIORECATOR<br />
  40. 40. A TYPICAL IDEA FOR CO2 SEQUESTERING AND ALGAE PRODUCTION<br />
  41. 41. THE BASICS<br />CHEAP, CHEAPER, CHEAPEST CO2<br />PLENTY OF SUNLIGHT (NOT TOO MUCH)<br />
  42. 42. PROTOTYPE PHOTOBIORECATOR<br />
  43. 43.
  44. 44. ASEAN ROADMAP FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY<br />
  45. 45. The Varicon-Aqua Ventures<br />Malaysia to be the algae hub for Asia.<br />One stop technology centre for algae industry<br />Proven technologies-over 62 units PBR around the globe.<br />Asian-European technology.<br />Quick delivery period<br />
  46. 46. AFFILIATES & ASSOCIATES<br />
  47. 47. CONCLUSION<br />In Summary, :<br />Developed exclusive proprietary microalgae cultivation technology capable of providing a clear market advantage in the global microalgae cultivation industry. <br />Positioned the Group to establish the only fully integrated microalgae refinery operation in Asia that has <br />been proven to extract bio-fuels and high value products. <br />Positioned the Group to eventually capitalize and take advantage of the current trend in fuel prices by offering our own bio-fuels package coupled with high value products. <br />Positioned the Group to supply the global market with a superior quality microalgae products.<br />Inspired to contribute to preserving environmental quality and cleanliness.<br />
  48. 48.
  49. 49. Introducing Varicon Aqua Solutions Ltd<br />Company formed in October 2005 by J.McDonald, D.Guest<br />Part of a group of companies, Varicon (3D) Drives Ltd, Computec Control & Automation (A Division Of Varicon (3D) Drives Ltd, Specialising in Power Electronics and PLC. Mechanical Engineering<br /> 21 employees within group. Varicon Aqua Solutions specialise in providing algae production expertise across a very diverse range of production and research sectors, nationally and internationally. <br />Designing, manufacturing, exporting and commissioning the BioFence PBR globally, which; significantly differentiates Varicon Aqua from many other ‘algae technology’ suppliers in the current market, Including design, manufacturing & installation of data acquisition and process control systems SCADA, HMI etc.<br />Establishing distribution of Varicon products and services through authorised outlets in Norway, the Netherlands, France, Australia NZ and Tasmania, east and west coast USA. NOW ASIA VIA NEW JV CO SASARAN≡VARICONAQU<br />
  50. 50. BioFences Around the Globe.<br />60 operational units worldwide.<br />Standard test rig capacities from: 400L to 2400L. <br />Larger and bespoke systems supplied to order.<br />
  51. 51. Activity<br />Expanding sales of the BioFence throughout the UK, Ireland, throughout Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, Greece, Spain, the Netherlands, Singapore, Malaysia, throughout the USA <br />(2008 Sapphire Energy, san Diego Utilise BioFence) <br />Cosmetceutical project in Iceland 2007 and expanded 2008 at Blue Lagoon<br />(Shell Oil, Algae to fuel project Utilise BioFences 2007 2008) <br />( 2008 Kuehnle Agrosystems Hawaii utilise BioFences for DARPA program) 2009 additional installation for production of aqua-feeds (Cargil) .<br />3 BioFences installations complete at Cal-Poly Dec 2008. <br />BioFences delivered Malaysia, 2 contracts, installations complete Jan 2009. <br />BioFence delivered Kentucky University, installation Jan 2009<br />BioFence delivered USFW, West Virginia, installation Jan 2009<br /> Completed UK power Utility installation on oil fired power station for CO2 abatement R&D. <br /> Value = 350K EU.<br />1 million US GPA algae Biodiesel/ valorisation project , Montana 2009.under construction<br /> Value = $35 Million USD<br />Agri-Aqua biomass production in the Netherlands. Additives market<br />Astaxanthin project in Texas under contract for install 2009 <br />Collaborating on several FP7 research proposals and projects.<br />Ongoing project management, Including R&D support for existing customers.<br />Industrial PBR development via SASARAN≡VARICONAQUA in Asia, including project management of extensive algae biomass production in Thailand and Malaysia.<br />30<br />
  52. 52. Live algae productionTHE Varicon BIOFENCE<br />WHAT IS THE BIOFENCE?<br />A HIGHLY EFFICIENT AND RELIABLE METHOD FOR PRODUCING HIGH DENSITY MONOCULTURES OF MARINE AND FRESHWATER ALGAE.<br />WHY CHOOSE A BIOFENCE?<br />TYPICALLY OPERATES AT DENSITIES OF 10 TO 15 TIMES THAT OF CONVENTIONAL CULTURE METHODS<br />HIGHLY PRODUCTIVE RELATIVE TO CONVENTIONAL PRODUCTION METHODS.<br />DRAMATICALY REDUCES LABOUR REQUIREMENTS AND ELIMINATES HANDLING PROBLEMS<br />CAN BE OPERATED FOR PROLONGED PERIODS WITHOUT CULTURES CRASHING FACILITATED BY PATENTED TUBE SELF CLEANING MECHANISM<br />IT IS A CLOSED, CONTOLLED SYSTEM, ENVORONMENTAL PARAMETERS ARE AUTOMATICALLY CONTROLLED<br />SYSTEM EASILY EXPANDED TO MEET INCREASED PRODUCTION REQUIREMENTS<br />
  53. 53. ProductivityBag Reactor vs Varicon BioFence<br />T<br />B<br />A<br />G<br />S<br />Y<br />S<br />T<br />E<br />M<br />N<br />a<br />n<br />n<br />o<br />c<br />h<br />l<br />o<br />r<br />o<br />p<br />s<br />i<br />s<br />W<br />i<br />n<br />t<br />e<br />r<br />p<br />r<br />o<br />d<br />u<br />c<br />t<br />i<br />o<br />n<br />o<br />r<br />a<br />r<br />t<br />i<br />f<br />i<br />c<br />i<br />a<br />l<br />l<br />i<br />g<br />h<br />t<br />S<br />u<br />m<br />m<br />e<br />r<br />p<br />r<br />o<br />d<br />u<br />c<br />t<br />i<br />o<br />n<br />,<br />n<br />a<br />t<br />u<br />r<br />a<br />l<br />d<br />a<br />y<br />l<br />i<br />g<br />h<br />t<br />%<br />h<br />a<br />r<br />v<br />e<br />s<br />t<br />r<br />a<br />t<br />e<br />/<br />d<br />a<br />y<br />m<br />e<br />a<br />n<br />c<br />e<br />l<br />l<br />d<br />e<br />n<br />s<br />i<br />t<br />y<br />%<br />h<br />a<br />r<br />v<br />e<br />s<br />t<br />r<br />a<br />t<br />e<br />/<br />d<br />a<br />y<br />m<br />e<br />a<br />n<br />c<br />e<br />l<br />l<br />d<br />e<br />n<br />s<br />i<br />t<br />y<br />1<br />6<br />%<br />2<br />0<br />m<br />i<br />l<br />l<br />i<br />o<br />n<br />/<br />m<br />l<br />2<br />4<br />%<br />2<br />5<br />m<br />i<br />l<br />l<br />i<br />o<br />n<br />/<br />m<br />l<br />V<br />A<br />R<br />I<br />C<br />O<br />N<br />B<br />I<br />O<br />F<br />E<br />N<br />C<br />E<br />.<br />N<br />a<br />n<br />n<br />o<br />c<br />h<br />l<br />o<br />r<br />o<br />p<br />s<br />i<br />s<br />W<br />i<br />n<br />t<br />e<br />r<br />p<br />r<br />o<br />d<br />u<br />c<br />t<br />i<br />o<br />n<br />o<br />r<br />a<br />r<br />t<br />i<br />f<br />i<br />c<br />i<br />a<br />l<br />l<br />i<br />g<br />h<br />t<br />S<br />u<br />m<br />m<br />e<br />r<br />p<br />r<br />o<br />d<br />u<br />c<br />t<br />i<br />o<br />n<br />,<br />n<br />a<br />t<br />u<br />r<br />a<br />l<br />d<br />a<br />y<br />l<br />i<br />g<br />h<br />t<br />%<br />h<br />a<br />r<br />v<br />e<br />s<br />t<br />r<br />a<br />t<br />e<br />/<br />d<br />a<br />y<br />m<br />e<br />a<br />n<br />c<br />e<br />l<br />l<br />d<br />e<br />n<br />s<br />i<br />t<br />y<br />%<br />h<br />a<br />r<br />v<br />e<br />s<br />t<br />r<br />a<br />t<br />e<br />/<br />d<br />a<br />y<br />m<br />e<br />a<br />n<br />c<br />e<br />l<br />l<br />d<br />e<br />n<br />s<br />i<br />t<br />y<br />2<br />5<br />%<br />1<br />2<br />0<br />m<br />i<br />l<br />l<br />i<br />o<br />n<br />/<br />m<br />l<br />3<br />5<br />%<br />&gt;<br />6<br />0<br />0<br />m<br />i<br />l<br />l<br />i<br />o<br />n<br />/<br />m<br />l<br />Note: This is on the basis of a photoautotrophic process<br />
  54. 54. The Varicon BioFences in Operation<br />SHELL OIL FUEL PROJECT<br />CO2 CAPTURE PROJECT UK<br />EARTH CENTRE UK<br />CONSERVATION PROJECT USA<br />
  55. 55. The Varicon BioFences in Operation<br />BioFence in Montana<br />Oceanic Institute Ohau<br />Industrial Pilot BioFence<br />
  56. 56. THE Varicon BIOFENCES IN OPERATION<br />BLUE LAGOON ICELAND<br />BRITISH NUCLEAR FULES LTD<br />US FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE<br />FISH FARM LA CORUNA<br />
  57. 57. BIOFENCES IN OPERATION<br />8/11/2009<br />36<br />HAWAII KUEHNLE AGROSYSTEMS<br />INGREPRO NETHERLANDS<br />BRITISH NUCLEAR FULES LTD<br />UK POWER UTILITY<br />
  58. 58. Common systems<br />Ambient conditions<br />½” NB<br />Fence A only<br />Common system<br />Nutrient solution <br />½” NB<br />Water<br />treatment <br />Injection control unit<br />¼” NB<br />V18a<br />Manual valve<br />Dessicator <br />½” NB<br />NRV3<br />G1<br />T9a<br />F3a<br />NRV2<br />Dessicator <br />2” NB<br />V19<br />T3a<br />C1a<br />Inlet 300mm minimum height above overflow<br />½” NB<br />½” NB overflow<br />U-tube to stop ingress of air<br />Header tank<br />V11a<br />F1a<br />F4a<br />T4a<br />½” NB<br />V12a<br />PAR1<br />Pmp3a<br />CO2 cylinders<br />Opt1a<br />T1<br />W1<br />2” NB<br />pH1a<br />½” NB<br />vent<br />Pmp4a<br />T8a<br />PRV1<br />Steam flow in<br />T2<br />Air vent<br />Holding<br />tank<br />½” NB<br />V3<br />T7a<br />CV1a<br />V17a<br />CV2<br />LQS1a<br />Water<br />Hot water tank<br />F5a<br />F2a<br />Overflow<br />2” NB<br />Condensate out<br />Minimum<br />head to be specified<br />3” NB<br />3” NB<br />V10a<br />2” NB<br />T11<br />Drain<br />V4a<br />V9a<br />2” NB<br />HX2a<br />V5a<br />Pmp2a<br />2” NB<br />T5a<br />T6a<br />V13<br />V14a<br />2” NB<br />HX1a<br />V15a<br />V8a<br />½” NB<br />V6a<br />Drain<br />V7a<br />V16a<br />½” NB<br />11/08/2009<br />P&ID Mod 13<br />½” NB<br />Fill<br />
  59. 59. INDUSTRIAL PBR CONCEPT<br />
  60. 60. THE ALGAE<br />WHAT ARE MICRO-ALGAE?<br />A DIVERSE RANGE OF PHOTOSYNTHETIC PLANTS COMPRISING 9 THALOID<br /> PHYLA, CHLOROPHYTA, EUGLENOPHYTA, PHAEOPHYTA, CHRYSOPHYTA, PYRROPHYTA, RHODOPHYTA, CYANOPHYTA, CRYPTOPHYTA, CHLOROMONADOPHYTA.<br />TIPICALLY ALL RETAIN A CUTICULAR CELL WALL COMPRISING MAINLY CELLULOSE.<br />ALL SPECIES IN THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT UTILISE LIGHT (PHOTONS)<br /> DISSOLVED CARBON DIOXIDE, & NITRATE, PHOSPHATES, TRACE ELEMENTS<br /> VITAMINS AND MINERALS FOR GROWTH.<br />DIATOMACIOUS SPECIES REQUIRE AN ADDITIONAL SUBSTRATE IN THE FORM OF SOLUABLE METASILICATE, THESE SPECIES VARY INSOFAR AS THE<br /> EXOSKELETON COMPRISES MAINLY SILICACIOUS COMPLEXES. <br />SELECTED STRAINS CONTAINING UP TO 40-50% LIPID ON A DRY WEIGHT BASIS.<br />245% PRODUCTION PER DAY POSSIBLE WITH MIXOTROPHIC APPROACH<br />39<br />
  61. 61. CELL MICROGRAPHS<br />8/11/2009<br />40<br />
  62. 62. Microalgal Components/extracts<br />COLOURANTS AND ANTIOXIDANTS: XANTHOPHYLLS<br /> LUTEIN, β CAROTENE, VITAMINS<br />FATTY ACIDS: SATURATED AND POLYUNSATURATED, TRIGLYCERIDES EFA’S<br />ENZYMES: CELLULASE, SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE,PHOSPHOGLYCERATE KINASE, LUCERIFASE & LUCIFERIN, RESTRICTION ENZYMES.<br />SOLUBLE PROTEINS: CARBONIC ANHYDRASE, comprising 236 amino acids<br />POLYMERS: POLYSACCHARIDES, STARCH, POLY β HYDROXYBUTYRIC ACID<br />SPECIAL PRODUCTS: PEPTIDES, TOXINS, STEROLS, AMINOACIDS. LUBRICANTS<br />FUELS: BIOETHANOL, BIOHYDROGEN, BIODIESEL, GREEN DIESEL<br />
  63. 63. RANGE OF APLICATIONS<br />AQUACULTURE, as feed for fish, shellfish and crustacea<br />PHARMACEUTICALS<br />NEUTRACEUTICALS<br />BIO-REMEDIATION<br />CARBON SEQUESTRATION / ABATEMENT<br />BIO-FUELS<br />DRUG DELIVERY.<br />42<br />
  64. 64. Relative Composition of Algae Species<br />
  65. 65. Microalgal Anti-oxidant micrographs<br />Microalgae Biotechnology<br />COLOURANTS AND ANTIOXIDANTS:<br />XANTHOPHYLLS, LUTEIN, β CAROTENE, VITAMINS<br />Lycopene<br />Lutein<br />Zeaxanthin<br /><ul><li>Lutein is one of 600 naturally occurring fat-soluble antioxidant Carotenoid biochemicals
  66. 66. Dunalliela salina, an extremophile can contain up to 95% of total carotenoids asβ carotene. (Jiménez and Pick, 1994)
  67. 67. The natural β carotene market is estimated to be in the order of 100Mt/A and is valued at $750/kg (Pulz, 2001)</li></li></ul><li>Fatty Acids<br />
  68. 68. Algae Lipid Yields<br />Source: Brown et al., 1991 and 1992; Singh and Kumar 1992<br />
  69. 69. Low-Tech Microalgal Production<br />
  70. 70. EvolvingValue Chain<br /><ul><li>As yet many unidentified functional components.
  71. 71. Current extraction technologies apply.
  72. 72. Huge scope for substitution or augmentation of terrestrial sources
  73. 73. Availability and primary production know-how on the increase</li></li></ul><li>Natural Strains or GMO?Enzyme production<br />Though recent funding streams, and ongoing research is being carried out, into strain selection, some of the fastest growing projects are using GMO. <br />As has been pointed out:<br />“Genetic and metabolic engineering are likely to have the greatest impact on improving the economics of production of microalgal diesel” (Chisti, 2007)<br />“Transgenics are imperative for biofuel crops” (Gressel, 2008)<br />PBRs provide containment for GMO algae.<br />Strains of phaeodactylum genetically modified to excrete cellulase into solution during primary production<br />Varicon BioFence supports Sapphire R&D for Cellulase production <br />Sapphire Energy<br />http://www.greencrudeproduction.com<br />
  74. 74. The Algae Biofuel Process<br />
  75. 75. Example of Research Initiative<br />51<br />
  76. 76. Indicative Production Costs<br />52<br />
  77. 77. Indicative Market Values.<br />53<br />Current estimated worldwide production of algae: 7.2 million Tons/pa<br />Estimated value: $6.8 billion USD. (Macro & Micro algae)<br />
  78. 78. Is current technology up to the challenge?<br />54<br />
  79. 79. BioFence Test Rig BNFL <br />55<br />
  80. 80. THANK YOU<br />______________Aquaculture, Fisheries. Amenities, Renewables<br />FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT TECHNICAL SALES AT:<br />Merebrook Business park<br />Hanley Road<br />Malvern<br />Worcestershire<br />WR13 6NP<br />Tel: + 44 1684 312980<br />Fax: + 44 1684 312981<br />www.variconaqua.com<br />aqua-solutions@varicon.co.uk<br />No 241-A, JalanAmpang<br />50450,<br />Kuala Lumpur<br />Wilayah Persekutuan <br />Malaysia<br />Tel: + 603 2144 0140<br />Fax: + 603 2144 0190<br />www.sasaran-variconaqua.com<br />syedisa@algaetech.com.my<br />

×