Technology Considerations from a regional perspective
Competitive cost positioning of algae versus alternatives
Opportunities and challenges relating to regional
The Algaetech Approach
Algaetech Group Brief Algaetech Sdn Bhd (“ Algaetech ”) was incorporated in Malaysia in 2004 as an investment holding company with group activities in the micro algae research, development, consultancy, production and marketing for renewable energy and high value products of anti-oxidants (better known as functional food). Research and development of algae for biofuel Cultivation of haematococcus pluvialis for production of astaxanthin ALGAETECH GROUP COMPRISES Consultancy of micro algae development for renewable energy and high value products from flue gas
6. Growth rates in bioreactors can be from 100 – 300 gm/m3/day.
7. Micro-algae are capable of producing many times the amount of oil (per year per unit area of land) when compared to oil seed crops.
8. Micro-Algae can grow in both fresh and saline water.
9. Micro-algae are the fastest growing photosynthesizing organisms. They can complete an entire growing cycle within a day.
10. Algae production can be increased by increasing the carbon dioxide concentration in the water.
Project Objectives : To build a commercial algae production pond using the latest and advance technology in Malaysia; To conduct research and development on the Biological and Chemical Engineering of microalgae production systems for the Biodiesel production and processing in Malaysia; To build and set up a Biodiesel processing plant on the extraction and production of biodiesel from algae; To patent the IP of the improved algae production and the extraction of Crude Algae Oil and processed biodiesel from algae; To market the technology, know-how and the product (algae-based products and biodiesel) locally and internationally. The pioneer in R&D and Pre-Commercialisation of algae for biodiesel in Malaysia. The project received a Technofund Grant from the Malaysian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation totaling RM2.0 million (US$600k).
Project Milestone Milestone Activities Output Scheduled Completion date Signing agreement on technology transfer. Signing of agreement on technology transfer with the patent owner. Completed 28 November 2007 Suitable algae identified Isolation, screening and characterization of microalgae Completed 1 st September 2008 Physiology/biochemistry of algae understood Study of physiology and biochemistry for algae / chemical and biochemical testes In Progress February 2009 Enzyme(s) isolated Isolation of enzyme which catalyzes a key metabolic steps in the synthesis of oil in algae In Progress March 2009 Large scale production of algae in open ponds accomplish Carry out performance evaluation, sample analysis and data collection In Progress May 2009
The global microalgae market is a multi billion industry and is rapidly expanding.
The farming and processing will be undertaken utilizing Algaetech's new and proprietary technology, while exploiting existing resources available in Malaysia
BHE will be establishing its plant in TPM. The plant is a sophisticated, highly secure and fully operational state of the art research facility. Testing has commenced on the proprietary technology and has been proven successful.
BHE believes that it can supply the global market with a superior quality microalgae at lower cost. Additionally, by virtue of the cultivation method, BHE can also contribute to preserving environmental quality and cleanliness.
Commercialisation of haematococcus pluvialis for production of astaxanthin, the first in Malaysia and South East Asia. The project is partly funded by Malaysian Technology Development Corporation (MTDC) for a US$1.0 million grant and scheduled to commence in March 2009. GROUP ACTIVITIES
Factory and Lab Pond One Pond Two Our Pond in Malaysia
Some Popular Strains 4. Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) 3. Chlorella vulgaris 1. Haematococcus pluvialis 2. Dunaliella salina
Some Other Technology Considerations Source: M. Huesemann, Pacific Northwest National Laboratories, Biofuels from Microalgae: Products, Processes and Potential, Presentation at Algae Biomass Summit, San Francisco, CA (Nov. 15, 2007). General Microalgal Biomass Conversion Technologies
Competitive Cost Positioning Algae has a much higher productivity Crop Gallons/acre potential than terrestrial biofuels. – Yields are approximately 10x that of terrestrial crops (depending on crop) – CAUTION: Media hype has cited up to a potential of 24,000 gallons per acre per year. This is 2x the maximum theoretical efficiency. – Experts suggest that 2,000 gallons per acre per year would be a significant accomplishment. – Seambiotic (Israeli Company) Yields 20 g/m2/day Source: P. Pienkos, NREL, The Potential of Biofuels from Algae, Algae Biomass Summit, San Francisco, CA (Nov. 15, 2007). Crop Oil Yield Gallons/Acre Corn 18 Cotton 35 Soybean 48 Mustard Seed 61 Sunflower 102 Rapdeseed/Canola 127 Jatropha 202 Oil Palm 635 Algae (10g/m2/day at 15% TAG) 1,200 Algae (50g/m2/day at 50% TAG 10,000