Population: Migration in PakistanPresentation Transcript
Abdul Rafay Butt
Tohami Bin Shafiq
Movement of people from one area to another.
Types of migration
In-migration: people arriving in the area from other
Out-migration: People leaving the area to go to other
Migration can be internal, within a country such as
rural to urban.
Factors of rural-urban migration.
•Natural disasters like
•Pressure on land.
•Good services such as
•Better quality of food.
•Better life standard.
Sources – THE ENVIROMENT OF PAKISTAN BY HUMA NAZ
SHETI – pg 215
Problems resulting from RuralUrban Migration
Deterioration of living
The rapid growth of
Air, water and land
pollution is caused by
high population in urban
Surface and ground
water is contaminated by
dumping of industrial
Rural to urban migration
overburdens all the
resources of urban areas
such as the food supply.
The infrastructure system
of urban areas is normally
not designed to cope with
the needs of growing
Increase in crime rate
and terrorist attacks:
Due to lack of employment
opportunities and greater
exposure to the
media, young people are
getting involved in crimes.
Terrorist organizations use
the employed youth for
Social and Psychological
The unplanned growth
Rural to urban migration
disturbs the Social
A number of people get
indulged in child abuse
construction by the
commercial companies is
posing another threat to
the civic facilities.
The composition of the
rural population is also
disturbed as more men
migrate to urban areas
Out-Migration From Pakistan
Developmental projects in the Middle East attracted
the skilled and unskilled laborers.
The glamorous lifestyle of the advanced countries has
High crime rates and terrorists activities in Pakistan
have created unrest among people.
Depopulation in other countries like Canada
encourage emigrantssa from Pakistan.
Sustainable Population Growth
It refers to a size of population that can be effectively
supported by an economies resources at all times.
Achieved when rate of population is proportionate to
development of resources.
What happens if the population growth is not
Over population can decrease economy growth.
Burden on facilities such as education institutions.
Outgoes basic necessities such as water, electricity etc.
Effects of un-sustainable population
growth in Pakistan.
Population will reach to 220 million till 2020.
Decline in economic growth.
Increase on illiteracy rate.
Increase the global warming.
Results in natural disasters such as drought damaging
Pakistan’s economy and Health.
How to maintain a sustainable population growth ?
Increase awareness among the people.
Promote family planning methods.
Attain balance between resources and population growth.