IN THE NAME OF ALLAH ANDHRA PRADESH Telugu: , is one of the 28 states of India, situated on the countrys southeastern coast. It is Indias fourth largest state by area and fifth largest by population. Its capital and largest city is Hyderabad. Andhra Pradesh lies between 12°41 and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40E longitude, and is bordered by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Orissa in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the east, Tamil Nadu to the south and Karnataka to the west.ANDHRA PRADESH HISTORY
MAJOR RIVERS OF ANDHRA PRADESH Andhra Pradesh has the second-longest coastline of 972 km (604 mi) among the states of India. Two major rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna, run across the state. The small enclave (30 square kilometers (12 sq mi)) of Yanam, a district of Pondicherry, lies in the Godavari delta in the northeast of the state.
LANGUAGE OF ANDHRA PRADESH The primary official language of Andhra Pradesh is Telugu with Urdu a common secondary official language in some areas. Other languages often spoken in the state include Hindi, Marathi, Tamil, Kannada, a nd Oriya. According to the 2001 census, 10,281 persons in Andhra Pradesh declare English as their first language. On 1 November 1956, the States Reorganization Act formed Andhra Pradesh by merging Telugu-speaking areas of Hyderabad State with the already existing Andhra State .
LANGUAGES OF ANDHRA PRADESH IN 2001 Telugu (84.77%) Urdu (8.63%) Hindi (2.77%) Tamil (1.13%) Telugu and Urdu are the official languages of the state, spoken by 83% and 8.63% of the population. Major linguistic minority groups are Hindi(2.77%), and Tamil (1.13%). Other languages spoken in Andhra Pradesh by less than 1% each are Kannada(0.80%), Marathi (0.74%), and Oriya (0.4 4%). Languages spoken by less than 0.2% of the population include Malayalam (0.08%),Gujarati (0.06%), Ben gali (0.05%), Gorkhali/Nepali (0.03%), Punjabi(0. 01%) and Sindhi(0.01%). The main ethnic group of Andhra Pradesh is the Telugu people, who are primarily Dravidians. Andhra Pradesh ranks tenth compared to all Indian States in the Human Development Index scores[with a score of 0.416.
"RICE BOWL OF INDIA" The total GDP of Andhra Pradesh exceeds $100 billion, ranking it third among the states of India It is historically called the "Rice Bowl of India". More than 77% of its crop is rice; Andhra Pradesh produced 17,796,000 tonnes of rice in 2006
ABOUT STATE OF ANDHRA PRADESH State language - Telugu ( State symbol - Poorna kumbham ( State song - Maa Telugu Thalliki ( by Sri Sankarambadi Sundaraachari State animal - Black Buck ( ) State bird - Indian Roller ( ) State tree - Neem ( ) State sport - Kabaddi ( ) State dance - Kuchipudi ( ) State flower -Water lily ( )
MODERN HISTORY See also: Andhra State, Vishalandhra Movement, and Telangana Rebellion In Colonial India, Northern Circars became part of the BritishMadras Presidency. Eventually this region emerged as the Coastal Andhra region. Later the Nizam rulers of Hyderabad ceded five territories to the British which eventually emerged as Rayalaseemaregion. The Nizams retained control of the interior provinces as theprincely state of Hyderabad, acknowledging British rule in return for local autonomy. However, Komaram Bheem, a tribal leader, started his fight against the erstwhile Asaf Jahi Dynasty for the liberation of Hyderabad State.[Meanwhile, the French occupied Yanam, in the Godavari delta, and (save for periods of British control) would hold it until 1954. India became independent from the United Kingdom in 1947. The Nizam wanted to retain the independence of the Princely Hyderabad State from India, but the people of the region launched a movement to join the Indian Union. The state of Hyderabad was forcibly joined to the Republic of India with Operation Polo in 1948 In an effort to gain an independent state based on the linguistic and protect the interests of the Andhra (Telugu-speaking) people of Madras State, Potti Sreeramulu fasted until death in 1952. After his death, Andhra attained statehood on 1 November 1953, with Kurnool as its capital On 1 November 1956, the States Reorganization Act merged the
RELIGIONS OF ANDHRA PRADESH The state is home to Hindu saints of all castes. An important figure is Saint Yogi Sri Potuluri Virabrahmendra Swami. He was born in the Vishwabrahmin (goldsmith) caste and had Brahmin and Dalit disciples. Fisherm an Raghu was a Shudra saint. Saint Kakkayya was achura (sweeper) Harijan saint. Percent Hinduism 89.01% Islam 9.16% Christianity 1.7% Jainism 0.05% Sikhism 0.04% Others 0.17%
ANDHRA PRADESH TOORISUMBelum Caves Araku Valley Cyber Talakona water Towers at Hyder fall abad Rishikonda bea Golconda Coconut fields ch in East Godavari CharminarEthipothala Falls seven gun bad Borra Caves (stalagmites and stalactites)