CCEDNet Intern Group Introduction to CED


Published on

Published in: Business, Economy & Finance
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

CCEDNet Intern Group Introduction to CED

  1. 1. Community Economic Development
  2. 2. What is CED? <ul><li>Development of the community, by the community </li></ul><ul><li>A process whereby community members come together to take collective action and provide solutions to common problems </li></ul><ul><li>The scope of CED can vary from small initiatives to large activities that involve the whole community </li></ul><ul><li>Goals – to improve the quality of life </li></ul>
  3. 3. Community Capacity Building <ul><li>Community capacity: people, skills, infrastructure, policies and systems </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building – both means and end </li></ul>
  4. 4. Think global and act local <ul><li>CED vs economic development </li></ul><ul><li>CED does not seek only economic growth; it focuses on development, people, ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>CED vs top – bottom strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Decisions are taken by each community according to its goals and needs </li></ul>
  5. 5. CED approaches <ul><li>Holistic approach – tackling all factors of development </li></ul><ul><li>Self reliance and community control – building on local strength; decreasing dependency on economic interests outside the region </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability – stress on local activity </li></ul><ul><li>Participation and inclusion – all the community members are encouraged to participate </li></ul><ul><li>Interdependence – recognizes the web of relationships and its decisions aim to benefit the local and the larger community </li></ul><ul><li>Living within the ecological limits </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Long term vision </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>Community building and human dignity </li></ul>
  6. 6. CED Strategies
  7. 7. The Bucket Model Local economies are like a leaky bucket: money flows in like the way we pour water into a bucket and some of this water leaks out, just like local revenue is lost when spent on non-local business and labour.
  8. 8. <ul><li>1. Plug the leaks </li></ul><ul><li>2.Increase the flow </li></ul><ul><li>3. Secure the plugs </li></ul><ul><li>4. Build the bucket </li></ul>CED Strategies Fall Into FOUR Categories
  9. 9. Plug the Leaks <ul><li>PROBLEM : Foreign imports and business taking </li></ul><ul><li>away from rural local economy </li></ul><ul><li>GOAL : To increase the local economy </li></ul><ul><li>PLAN : Support local business owners. </li></ul><ul><li>BUY LOCAL!!! </li></ul>VS
  10. 10. <ul><li>St. John’s Farmer’s Market – started as a summertime venture and became a permanent, year-long market to boost revenue made by local farmers, craftsmen and market contributors. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Increase the Inflow <ul><li>PROBLEM : </li></ul><ul><li>Local economy can make more revenue, but isn't </li></ul><ul><li>GOAL : </li></ul><ul><li>To increase local economy’s revenue through the export of local goods and services </li></ul><ul><li>PLAN : </li></ul><ul><li>Add to the value of products. How? MANUFACTURING goods at home, for export </li></ul>
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Secure the Plugs <ul><li>PROBLEM : Local economy isn't safeguarded </li></ul><ul><li>GOAL : To help local businesses continue to turn </li></ul><ul><li>profit and operate </li></ul><ul><li>PLAN : Business development, training, coaching, </li></ul><ul><li>supporting the expansion of local industry </li></ul><ul><li>sector over Big Business </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>St. John’s Downtown Development Commission is a </li></ul><ul><li>coalition of independent ma and pa business </li></ul><ul><li>owners who set-up shop in downtown St. John’s, </li></ul><ul><li>NL; formed in1966, when shopping malls began to </li></ul><ul><li>rip into local economy </li></ul>
  15. 15. Strengthen the Bucket <ul><li>PROBLEM : The assets of a community aren’t being </li></ul><ul><li>maximized to their potential </li></ul><ul><li>GOAL : To build on the strengths existing within a </li></ul><ul><li>community </li></ul><ul><li>PLAN : Get the most out of the over-looked, under-utilized </li></ul><ul><li>resources and assets in a community by developing </li></ul><ul><li>them; it'll enhance the strength of the community </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>NL tourism sector optimizes and profits from the province’s unique culture, people and </li></ul><ul><li>natural beauty </li></ul><ul><li>New industries are beginning to pop up within the province </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Quiz Time! </li></ul>
  18. 18. A Medicine Wheel Model for Community Economic Development
  19. 19. <ul><li>Four races </li></ul><ul><li>Four directions </li></ul><ul><li>Four elements </li></ul><ul><li>Four community symbols: community, unity, equity, opportunity </li></ul>
  20. 20. Community <ul><li>Positive aspects: people take the initiative to become active within their own CED sector </li></ul><ul><li>Negative aspect: Some people might not be as interested as others </li></ul>
  21. 21. Unity <ul><li>Positive aspect: People will come together to work towards community change </li></ul><ul><li>Negative aspect: Some people might not want to change anything, they might be comfortable with the status quo </li></ul>
  22. 22. Equity <ul><li>Positive aspect: there would be no discrimination against minorities; all the people will be treated as equals while working together </li></ul><ul><li>Negative aspect: ? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Opportunity <ul><li>Positive aspect: People involved will have the opportunity to become role models and set examples for younger people </li></ul><ul><li>Negative aspect: There might not be always equal opportunities for everyone </li></ul>
  24. 24. Asset Mapping <ul><li>Taking an Asset-Based or Solution-Focused Approach </li></ul><ul><li>(Kretzmann & McKnight, 1993): </li></ul><ul><li>Draw a circle in the centre of your paper and write the name of a group of community members in the circle </li></ul><ul><li>Think of all the systems, institutions, organizations, etc. that your group could be connected to or partnered with </li></ul><ul><li>Draw an arrow from each potential connection pointing at the group in the centre and write one way that your group would benefit from that partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Draw an arrow from your group pointing to the potential partner and write one way that your group could contribute to that partnership. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Asset Mapping Example Local Artists Local Businesses Art studios lead to galleries, gift shops, community development Create cultural district to attract economic development and tourism
  27. 27. Organizational Prerequisites <ul><li>Do we have the systems in place and stability to be able to take on a new project? </li></ul><ul><li>Are we willing to have the flexibility that is required to learn as we go and adapt to differences between the plan and the reality? </li></ul>
  28. 28. Pre-Planning <ul><li>How will we engage a broad range of community members? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community meetings and discussion groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General statements about community goals and dreams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider possible CED strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Begin to think about a plan </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Organizational Development <ul><li>How will we develop a strong understanding of the CED process in our organization? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity-building training in CED principles and process skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring and evaluation systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal structures </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Venture Development <ul><li>What would we like our areas of focus to be? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing stability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing the diversity of local industries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What businesses, community groups, organizations will we focus on? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-ops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbourhood associations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local labour union members </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How will we get the funding for these ventures? </li></ul>
  31. 31. Community Participation & Strategic Networking <ul><li>How can we build a network of relationships that will provide access to necessary resources, build community capacity and support community economic development? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>*Always keep capacity-building in mind* </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Appropriate Technical Assistance <ul><li>How can we use external assistance to build capacity in areas where there is a lack of experience and/or knowledge? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make ideas reality </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Result…. <ul><li>When these components exist they attract skills and talents that increase organizational capacity! </li></ul>