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CCEDNet Intern Group Introduction to CED
 

CCEDNet Intern Group Introduction to CED

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    CCEDNet Intern Group Introduction to CED CCEDNet Intern Group Introduction to CED Presentation Transcript

    • Community Economic Development
    • What is CED?
      • Development of the community, by the community
      • A process whereby community members come together to take collective action and provide solutions to common problems
      • The scope of CED can vary from small initiatives to large activities that involve the whole community
      • Goals – to improve the quality of life
    • Community Capacity Building
      • Community capacity: people, skills, infrastructure, policies and systems
      • Capacity building – both means and end
    • Think global and act local
      • CED vs economic development
      • CED does not seek only economic growth; it focuses on development, people, ecosystems
      • CED vs top – bottom strategies
      • Decisions are taken by each community according to its goals and needs
    • CED approaches
      • Holistic approach – tackling all factors of development
      • Self reliance and community control – building on local strength; decreasing dependency on economic interests outside the region
      • Sustainability – stress on local activity
      • Participation and inclusion – all the community members are encouraged to participate
      • Interdependence – recognizes the web of relationships and its decisions aim to benefit the local and the larger community
      • Living within the ecological limits
      • Diversity
      • Long term vision
      • Collaborative
      • Community building and human dignity
    • CED Strategies
    • The Bucket Model Local economies are like a leaky bucket: money flows in like the way we pour water into a bucket and some of this water leaks out, just like local revenue is lost when spent on non-local business and labour.
      • 1. Plug the leaks
      • 2.Increase the flow
      • 3. Secure the plugs
      • 4. Build the bucket
      CED Strategies Fall Into FOUR Categories
    • Plug the Leaks
      • PROBLEM : Foreign imports and business taking
      • away from rural local economy
      • GOAL : To increase the local economy
      • PLAN : Support local business owners.
      • BUY LOCAL!!!
      VS
      • St. John’s Farmer’s Market – started as a summertime venture and became a permanent, year-long market to boost revenue made by local farmers, craftsmen and market contributors.
    • Increase the Inflow
      • PROBLEM :
      • Local economy can make more revenue, but isn't
      • GOAL :
      • To increase local economy’s revenue through the export of local goods and services
      • PLAN :
      • Add to the value of products. How? MANUFACTURING goods at home, for export
    • www.nlbusiness.ca
    • Secure the Plugs
      • PROBLEM : Local economy isn't safeguarded
      • GOAL : To help local businesses continue to turn
      • profit and operate
      • PLAN : Business development, training, coaching,
      • supporting the expansion of local industry
      • sector over Big Business
      • www.downtownstjohns.com
      • St. John’s Downtown Development Commission is a
      • coalition of independent ma and pa business
      • owners who set-up shop in downtown St. John’s,
      • NL; formed in1966, when shopping malls began to
      • rip into local economy
    • Strengthen the Bucket
      • PROBLEM : The assets of a community aren’t being
      • maximized to their potential
      • GOAL : To build on the strengths existing within a
      • community
      • PLAN : Get the most out of the over-looked, under-utilized
      • resources and assets in a community by developing
      • them; it'll enhance the strength of the community
      • NL tourism sector optimizes and profits from the province’s unique culture, people and
      • natural beauty
      • New industries are beginning to pop up within the province
      • Quiz Time!
    • A Medicine Wheel Model for Community Economic Development
      • Four races
      • Four directions
      • Four elements
      • Four community symbols: community, unity, equity, opportunity
    • Community
      • Positive aspects: people take the initiative to become active within their own CED sector
      • Negative aspect: Some people might not be as interested as others
    • Unity
      • Positive aspect: People will come together to work towards community change
      • Negative aspect: Some people might not want to change anything, they might be comfortable with the status quo
    • Equity
      • Positive aspect: there would be no discrimination against minorities; all the people will be treated as equals while working together
      • Negative aspect: ?
    • Opportunity
      • Positive aspect: People involved will have the opportunity to become role models and set examples for younger people
      • Negative aspect: There might not be always equal opportunities for everyone
    • Asset Mapping
      • Taking an Asset-Based or Solution-Focused Approach
      • (Kretzmann & McKnight, 1993):
      • Draw a circle in the centre of your paper and write the name of a group of community members in the circle
      • Think of all the systems, institutions, organizations, etc. that your group could be connected to or partnered with
      • Draw an arrow from each potential connection pointing at the group in the centre and write one way that your group would benefit from that partnership
      • Draw an arrow from your group pointing to the potential partner and write one way that your group could contribute to that partnership.
    • Asset Mapping Example Local Artists Local Businesses Art studios lead to galleries, gift shops, community development Create cultural district to attract economic development and tourism
    • THE DEVELOPMENT WHEEL
    • Organizational Prerequisites
      • Do we have the systems in place and stability to be able to take on a new project?
      • Are we willing to have the flexibility that is required to learn as we go and adapt to differences between the plan and the reality?
    • Pre-Planning
      • How will we engage a broad range of community members?
        • Community meetings and discussion groups
        • General statements about community goals and dreams
        • Consider possible CED strategies
        • Begin to think about a plan
    • Organizational Development
      • How will we develop a strong understanding of the CED process in our organization?
        • Capacity-building training in CED principles and process skills
        • Work plan
        • Monitoring and evaluation systems
        • Legal structures
    • Venture Development
      • What would we like our areas of focus to be?
        • Housing stability
        • Food security
        • Increasing the diversity of local industries
      • What businesses, community groups, organizations will we focus on?
        • Co-ops
        • Neighbourhood associations
        • Local labour union members
      • How will we get the funding for these ventures?
    • Community Participation & Strategic Networking
      • How can we build a network of relationships that will provide access to necessary resources, build community capacity and support community economic development?
        • *Always keep capacity-building in mind*
    • Appropriate Technical Assistance
      • How can we use external assistance to build capacity in areas where there is a lack of experience and/or knowledge?
        • Transfer skills
        • Make ideas reality
    • Result….
      • When these components exist they attract skills and talents that increase organizational capacity!