CCEDNet Intern Group Introduction to CEDPresentation Transcript
Community Economic Development
What is CED?
Development of the community, by the community
A process whereby community members come together to take collective action and provide solutions to common problems
The scope of CED can vary from small initiatives to large activities that involve the whole community
Goals – to improve the quality of life
Community Capacity Building
Community capacity: people, skills, infrastructure, policies and systems
Capacity building – both means and end
Think global and act local
CED vs economic development
CED does not seek only economic growth; it focuses on development, people, ecosystems
CED vs top – bottom strategies
Decisions are taken by each community according to its goals and needs
Holistic approach – tackling all factors of development
Self reliance and community control – building on local strength; decreasing dependency on economic interests outside the region
Sustainability – stress on local activity
Participation and inclusion – all the community members are encouraged to participate
Interdependence – recognizes the web of relationships and its decisions aim to benefit the local and the larger community
Living within the ecological limits
Long term vision
Community building and human dignity
The Bucket Model Local economies are like a leaky bucket: money flows in like the way we pour water into a bucket and some of this water leaks out, just like local revenue is lost when spent on non-local business and labour.
1. Plug the leaks
2.Increase the flow
3. Secure the plugs
4. Build the bucket
CED Strategies Fall Into FOUR Categories
Plug the Leaks
PROBLEM : Foreign imports and business taking
away from rural local economy
GOAL : To increase the local economy
PLAN : Support local business owners.
St. John’s Farmer’s Market – started as a summertime venture and became a permanent, year-long market to boost revenue made by local farmers, craftsmen and market contributors.
Increase the Inflow
Local economy can make more revenue, but isn't
To increase local economy’s revenue through the export of local goods and services
Add to the value of products. How? MANUFACTURING goods at home, for export
Secure the Plugs
PROBLEM : Local economy isn't safeguarded
GOAL : To help local businesses continue to turn
profit and operate
PLAN : Business development, training, coaching,
supporting the expansion of local industry
sector over Big Business
St. John’s Downtown Development Commission is a
coalition of independent ma and pa business
owners who set-up shop in downtown St. John’s,
NL; formed in1966, when shopping malls began to
rip into local economy
Strengthen the Bucket
PROBLEM : The assets of a community aren’t being
maximized to their potential
GOAL : To build on the strengths existing within a
PLAN : Get the most out of the over-looked, under-utilized
resources and assets in a community by developing
them; it'll enhance the strength of the community
NL tourism sector optimizes and profits from the province’s unique culture, people and
New industries are beginning to pop up within the province
A Medicine Wheel Model for Community Economic Development
Four community symbols: community, unity, equity, opportunity
Positive aspects: people take the initiative to become active within their own CED sector
Negative aspect: Some people might not be as interested as others
Positive aspect: People will come together to work towards community change
Negative aspect: Some people might not want to change anything, they might be comfortable with the status quo
Positive aspect: there would be no discrimination against minorities; all the people will be treated as equals while working together
Negative aspect: ?
Positive aspect: People involved will have the opportunity to become role models and set examples for younger people
Negative aspect: There might not be always equal opportunities for everyone
Taking an Asset-Based or Solution-Focused Approach
(Kretzmann & McKnight, 1993):
Draw a circle in the centre of your paper and write the name of a group of community members in the circle
Think of all the systems, institutions, organizations, etc. that your group could be connected to or partnered with
Draw an arrow from each potential connection pointing at the group in the centre and write one way that your group would benefit from that partnership
Draw an arrow from your group pointing to the potential partner and write one way that your group could contribute to that partnership.
Asset Mapping Example Local Artists Local Businesses Art studios lead to galleries, gift shops, community development Create cultural district to attract economic development and tourism
THE DEVELOPMENT WHEEL
Do we have the systems in place and stability to be able to take on a new project?
Are we willing to have the flexibility that is required to learn as we go and adapt to differences between the plan and the reality?
How will we engage a broad range of community members?
Community meetings and discussion groups
General statements about community goals and dreams
Consider possible CED strategies
Begin to think about a plan
How will we develop a strong understanding of the CED process in our organization?
Capacity-building training in CED principles and process skills
Monitoring and evaluation systems
What would we like our areas of focus to be?
Increasing the diversity of local industries
What businesses, community groups, organizations will we focus on?
Local labour union members
How will we get the funding for these ventures?
Community Participation & Strategic Networking
How can we build a network of relationships that will provide access to necessary resources, build community capacity and support community economic development?
*Always keep capacity-building in mind*
Appropriate Technical Assistance
How can we use external assistance to build capacity in areas where there is a lack of experience and/or knowledge?
Make ideas reality
When these components exist they attract skills and talents that increase organizational capacity!