11/10/2011                                Jeremy’s Problems at aPBL Presentation                      Glance…   Scenario 2...
11/10/2011         Learning Issue (1)                              Learning Issue (2)      Mr Tan              Understand ...
11/10/2011       B. Acknowledge                                 C. Mediate Disciplinary           effort                  ...
11/10/2011          C. Fostering Self-efficacy                                                            Inquiry Question...
11/10/2011  Authoritarian Parenting Style                Jeremy’s Characteristics  2. Detached      Jeremy get to see his ...
11/10/2011           Inquiry Question 3                                     Hypothesis                                    ...
11/10/2011                             Solutions                                                          Teaching Strateg...
11/10/2011        8
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T4 g6 finalised pbl presentation

  1. 1. 11/10/2011 Jeremy’s Problems at aPBL Presentation Glance… Scenario 2 Unsure Tan Kai Ching of goals Tang Jia Hui Joyce Low self-esteem Tong Hui Min Lack of family and Wang Dan peer support Lack of comfort in classroom environment S FatigueProblem Statement Inquiry Questions 1) How can classroom management affect students learning? How can a student learn effectively in an 2) What is the best form of learning support that parents can provide for environment without their children? love and support? 3) How can the adoption of suitable learning styles affects learning?Inquiry Question 1 Hypothesis How can If teachers fail to implement classroom effective classroom management, then students management will encounter learning affect students difficulties. learning? 1
  2. 2. 11/10/2011 Learning Issue (1) Learning Issue (2) Mr Tan Understand how Miss Low Understand the different• Fails to handle classroom • Makes how teachers students’ management humiliating can use their misbehavior and strategies can be remarks and behavior to affects Jeremy’s employed to improve affects Jeremy’s motivate students’ class class participation self-esteem students. participation. Operant Conditioning Theory Failures of Mr Tan (Skinner, 1968) Fails to set rules regarding group work Fails to acknowledge Jeremy’s effort Fails to counter the situation of students’ hostility towards one another A. Improve Group Dynamics A. Improve Group Dynamics S Develop a perception of Social group cohesiveness Constructivist S Establishment of social Theory norms (Vygotsky, S Guided Learning Method 1978) (Cunningham & Allington, 2007) 2
  3. 3. 11/10/2011 B. Acknowledge C. Mediate Disciplinary effort Problems S Positive reinforcements (Skinner, 1968) S Designing and Maintaining a Behavioural Management System S Provide immediate and positive feedback - Combine elements of both to students when they attempt to behavioral and cognitive approaches contribute to class participation. - Behavioral system focuses on S “Good try Jeremy! You may want to recall specifying behavioral guidelines and the lessons we learnt about gases. Try to applying consequences. jot down the gas names and select the gas - Cognitive system emphasizes that matches the clue” learner understanding and responsibility Motivational Theory Failures of Miss Low (Schunk Pintrich & Meece, 2008) Offensive Behavior in Class S Motivation is the force that energizes Fails to create a safe and caring and directs a behavior towards a goal. classroom environment Motivation Achievements Fails to motivate students A. Teacher’s Expectations B. Caring TeachersS Practise positive teacher attitudes. S Show that ‘YOU’ care (Brophy, 2006) S Be sensitive to procedures that S Reduce the negative effects of may "threaten" the students teacher expectations. sense of security and safety within the classroom S Monitor the attending and facilitating behaviors for students S Address the "physical needs" of the students - allowing them to who are low-achieving. stretch , wash their face or relax S Model respect and valuing of all for a few minutes before students in the classroom. continuing with the lesson. 3
  4. 4. 11/10/2011 C. Fostering Self-efficacy Inquiry Question 2 (Bandura, 1977) S Help students experience success that is What is the best attributable to past and present effort. S Focus on seeing how hard students form of learning worked rather than telling them “if you support that parents work hard, you will get there” can provide for their children? Hypothesis Learning Issue (3) If parents are physically present S Understand how parenting styles and participating actively in the can influence a childs learning and childs learning process, then identify specific measures parents the child is likely to learn can take to ensure that learning effectively. takes place. Parent’s Problem Authoritarian Parenting Style1. Authoritarian Parenting Style 1. Stress Set exercises to S Characteristics conformity Jeremy and arrange - Stress Conformity a lot of tuition - Detached classes, enrichment classes, study - Do not encourage camps to Jeremy verbal give-and-take 4
  5. 5. 11/10/2011 Authoritarian Parenting Style Jeremy’s Characteristics 2. Detached Jeremy get to see his 1. Withdrawn Jeremy has never felt maid more than his that he belonged parents. anywhere. 3. Do not Jeremy parents stop 2. Worry more Jeremy complete the encourage his swimming lessons about pleasing task given by his verbal give- and let him take up parents than parents on top of the and-take more tuitions on solving homework from school weekends. problems Jeremy’s Characteristics Behaviorist Theory S Premack principle (Premack, 1959, 1963) 3. Defiant Jeremy couldn’t contain S Activities become reinforcers. his anger anymore. He S A more-desired activity can serve as a slammed his table and positive behavior as a positive reinforcer. then stormed out of class. 4. Lack social Jeremy is having a poor skills relationship with his peers. A. Positive Reinforcement B. Authoritative ParentsS Reinforcing positive behavior is S Firm but at the same time providing a superior to those using punishment caring and loving environment (Alberto & Troutman, 2006) S Promote child’s development by helping S Punishment does not teach Jeremy to acquire a sense of autonomy, desirable outcomes competence and belonging. S “You may go for swimming lessons if you can complete the task given by the teachers in school.” 5
  6. 6. 11/10/2011 Inquiry Question 3 Hypothesis If students can How can the adoption identify and acquire of suitable learning the right learning styles affects styles, then they would learning? be able to learn effectively. Learning Issue (4) Cognitive Learning Theory Understand how to adopt the right learning styles Cognitive Perception and how teachers can make Learning & VAK learning style use of this information to Theory memory teach the class so as to cater to the learning needs of students. VAK Learning Style Jeremy’s Learning Style (Butler, 1989) Hypothesis Visual Learners• Definition of VAK Learning Style Hints Jeremy failed every subject in final• Category of VAK learning style exams except for Art Visual Auditory Kinesthetic Perception When learning something new, they prefer to see it demonstrated first Memory They remember class material by picturing it in their mind 6
  7. 7. 11/10/2011 Solutions Teaching Strategies There should be congruence Teacher needs to present information between students preferred using all three styles: learning styles and the teachers preferred teaching S 1. Help students to understand their learning styles style. S 2. Have an awareness of students’ individual learning Students style should styles influence teachers S 3. Instruction should be varied in class instructional choices.Books References References JournalsS Brophy, J. (2004) Motivating Students to learn (2nd Edition). Boston: S Bandura, Albert (1993). Perceived Self-Efficacy in Cognitive Development McGraw-Hill and Functioning. Educational Psychologist 28(2), pp.117-148.S Eggen, P. & Kauchak, D. (2010). Educational Psychology: Windows on S‪ Brenda K. Bryant, Anisa M. Zvonkovic, Paula Reynolds (2006). Parenting in Classrooms (8th Edition). NJ: Pearson. relation to child and adolescent vocational development. Journal of vocationalS Kosnik, C. & Beck, C. (2009) Priorities in Teacher Education: The 7 behavior 69, pp.149-175. Elements of Pre-Service Preparation. Oxford: Routledge S Eva M. Pomerantz, Elizabeth A. Moorman, Scott D. Litwack (2007). The How, Whom, and Why of Parents Involvement in Childrens Academic Lives:S Patricia M, Cunningham & Richard L. Allington (2007) Classrooms that More Is Not Always Better. Review of Educational Research, Vol. 77, No. 3, work: They can all read and write (4th Edition). NJ: Pearson, Allyn & pp.373-410. Bacon. S Idit Katz , Avi Kaplan, Tamara Buzukashvily (2011). The role of parentsS Tan, O.S., Parsons, R.D., Hinson, S.L., & Sardo Brown, D. motivation in students autonomous motivation for doing homework. Learning (2011) Educational Psychology: a practitioner-researcher approach. An and Individual Differences 21, pp. 376-386. Asian Edition (2nd Edition). Singapore: Thomson. S John T.E. Richardson, (2011). Approaches to studying, conceptions ofS Vygotsky, L.S. (1978). Mind and society: The development of higher learning and learning styles in higher education. Learning and Individual mental processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Differences 21, pp. 288-293 References References WebsitesS Maria Poulou (2007): Personal Teaching Efficacy and Its Sources: Student teachers’ perceptions, Educational Psychology, 27:2, 191-218 S Classroom Management http://www.apa.org/education/k12/classroom-mgmt.aspxS Milad Khajehpoura, Sayid Dabbagh Ghazvinia (2011). The role of parental S Motivation http://college.cengage.com/education/pbl/tc/motivate.html#cognitive involvement affect in children’s academic performance. Procedial Social S Positive Reinforcement: A Self-Instructional Exercise and Behavioral Sciences 15, pp.1204-1208.S Moore, Gwendolyn (2009). The Influence of Student Motivation and http://psych.athabascau.ca/html/prtut/ Student Self-efficacy on Teacher Behavior. Dissertation: Fielding S Premack Principle http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OcB1zttZmdY Graduate University. Doctor of Education. S Psychological 101: Learning Theory and Behavioral PsychologyS Nancy E. Hill and Lorraine C. Taylor, (2004). Parental School Involvement and Childrens Academic Achievement: Pragmatics and Issues. Current http://allpsych.com/psychology101/reinforcement.html Directions in Psychological Science, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 161-164. S Teachers Belief and Classroom PracticesS Sara R. Banfield, (2009).How do college/university teacher misbehaviors influence student cognitive learning, academic self-efficacy, motivation, http://www.mindmatters.edu.au/resources_and_downloads/staff_matters/ and curiosity?
Dissertation: The College of Human Resources and Education at West Virginia University. Department of Technology, S Vygotskys Internet Archive http://www.marxists.org/archive/vygotsky Learning and Culture: Morgantown, West Virginia 7
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