CERVICAL CANCER
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  • 1. NEARLY 70,000 NEW CANCER WERE DIAGNOSED AMONG MALAYSIAN INPENINSULAR MALAYSIA BETWEEN 2003 & 2005, ACCORDING TO REPORT RELEASEDIN EARLY 2008 ON THE INCIDENCE OF THE DISEASE IN WEST MALAYSIA.CERVICAL CANCER is 11.9% FROM 70,000 PEOPLE….
  • 2.  Growth of cells on the cervix that is not unusual (abnormal). They start multiplying very quickly, building up into a lump or tumors.
  • 3.  Growth of cells on the cervix that is not unusual (abnormal). They start multiplying very quickly, building up into a lump or tumors. If left untreated, the cancer can spread to other parts of the body through the blood or lymphatic system.
  • 4.  Growth of cells on the cervix that is not unusual (abnormal). They start multiplying very quickly, building up into a lump or tumors. If left untreated, the cancer can spread to other parts of the body through the blood or lymphatic system. This cancer can take years to develop.
  • 5.  Growth of cells on the cervix that is not unusual (abnormal). They start multiplying very quickly, building up into a lump or tumors. If left untreated, the cancer can spread to other parts of the body through the blood or lymphatic system. This cancer can take years to develop. Before it develops, early changes take place in the cells on the surface of the cervix. This is called the pre-cancerous stage.
  • 6.  Growth of cells on the cervix that is not unusual (abnormal). They start multiplying very quickly, building up into a lump or tumors. If left untreated, the cancer can spread to other parts of the body through the blood or lymphatic system. This cancer can take years to develop. Before it develops, early changes take place in the cells on the surface of the cervix. This is called the pre-cancerous stage. The abnormal cells can easily be detected through Pap Smear test.
  • 7.  Growth of cells on the cervix that is not unusual (abnormal). They start multiplying very quickly, building up into a lump or tumors. If left untreated, the cancer can spread to other parts of the body through the blood or lymphatic system. This cancer can take years to develop. Before it develops, early changes take place in the cells on the surface of the cervix. This is called the pre-cancerous stage. The abnormal cells can easily be detected through Pap Smear test. That test is safe and inexpensive and has been used for years to detect abnormalities that occur in cells of the cervix.
  • 8. STAGE ICancer cells are found only in the cervix
  • 9. The tumor has grown through the cervix and invaded theupper part of the upper part of the vagina.It may have invaded other nearby tissues but not the pelvicwall (the lining of the part of the body between the hips) orthe lower part of the vagina.
  • 10. The tumor has invaded the pelvic wall or the lower part ofthe vagina.If the tumor is large enough to block one or both of thetubes through which urine passes from the kidneys, lab testsmay show that the kidney aren`t working well.
  • 11. The tumor has invaded the bladder or rectum.Or, the cancer has spread to others parts of the body, suchas the lungs.
  • 12. Watery, foul smelling vaginal Painful intercoursedischargeVaginal bleeding between Any vaginal bleedingperiods or after sex after menopause
  • 13. SEXUAL HABITS INFECTIOUS AGENT- Beginning sexual intercourse at a - The Human Papilloma Virus hasyoung age or having multiple been scientifically linked to cancerpartners of the cervixPOOR PERSONAL HYGIENE TOBACCO SMOKING INCREASING AGE -the highest frequency of this cancer has been detected in women aged 40 to 49
  • 14. DO YOU KNOW WHATCAUSES CERVIX CANCER?? It is caused by a virus HPV
  • 15. • Anyone include man and women who has ever had sex can get HPV.• The virus spread by sex.
  • 16. No. Most people will never know they have HPV.But!! If the HPV does not go away on its own, it cancause changes in the cervix cells.These changes usually show up on your Pap Test.
  • 17.  No treatment for the type of HPV that causes cervix cell changes, but most HPV infections go away without treatment. Antibiotics or other medicine do not treat HPV. Pap test shows cervix changes, your doctor or nurse will discuss these treatments with you, if you need them.
  • 18. An effective to test for cancerous or potentially cancerous cells.It is a simple, painless test that can detect cancer of the cervix at an early stage when simple treatment can result in a total cure.The pap test helps doctors find early changes in the cervix cells that might lead to cancer.It is done during a pelvic exam.Abnormal results on a Pap test are common.
  • 19. A PAP SMEAR TEST is usually quite painless.A qualified doctor or nurse will do an internal examination by gently taking cells from the surface of the cervix speculum using spatula to open.The cells are then placed on a glass slide, which will then be sent to a laboratory for a microscopic examination.
  • 20.  Can detect abnormal cells, which reflect changes in the cervix before the cancer sets in. If treated early, the cancer will not develop further. An internal medical examination will also be done simultaneously as a Pap Smear Test to help detect other abnormal condition on infections of the reproductive tract.
  • 21. • All women aged 20 and above particularly those who are sexually active.• It should be done as a precautionary measure once a year.• No need necessarily have any symptoms of cancer to have this test done.
  • 22. o A test is best done in the middle of the menstrual cycle, seven or 10 days after the start of menstruation.
  • 23. o If any abnormalities are found, you will be treated or referred for further investigation and treatment.
  • 24.  Government health centers Family planning clinics Private hospitals / clinics
  • 25.  It would not tell you if you have or had HPV. But, it will usually tell you if you have any cervix cell changes that could be caused by HPV. This is the most important information for you to know.
  • 26. REMEMBER!!! Most cervix cancer can be prevented. Finding abnormal cell changes early with a Pap Test can save your life. Today, cervix cancer is rare in women who get their Pap Tests. See a doctor or nurse and get a Pap Test. Ask a doctor or nurse how often you should have your Pap tests. Had a HPV DNA test. Almost all women have had sex will have HPV at sometime, but very few women will get cervix cancer.
  • 27. 1. http://www.makna.org.my/cervixcancer.asp2. http://www.cancer.org/3. http://www.malaysiaoncology.org/article.php?aid=122