“Access to sanitation currently ranks as themost-off track of the Millennium Goals, and one that will obviously not be met by 2015,” Catarina de Albuquerque,the UN Special Rapporteur on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation.
History• In 2001, the World Toilet Organization declared its founding day, 19 November, as “World Toilet Day” – Since then, 19 November has been observed globally by its member organizations. – In September 2009, a new website was launched dedicated to the celebration of World Toilet Day.• The World Toilet Organization (WTO) is a global non-profit organization committed to improving toilet and sanitation conditions worldwide. – WTO focuses on toilets instead of water, which receives more attention and resources under the common subject of sanitation. – Founded in 2001 with 15 members, it now has 151 member organizations in 53 countries working towards eliminating the toilet taboo and delivering sustainable sanitation. The World Toilet Summits and World Toilet Expo and Forum.
World Toilet Day 2012• “1.1 billion people around the world defecate out in the open.” – World Toilet Day 2012• “1 in 3 women worldwide risk shame, disease, harassment and even attack because they have nowhere safe to go to the toilet” – Water Aid
In Indonesia, 109 millionpeople still lack access to sanitation and clean drinking water
Emah Sudjimah, aPublic Works Ministry But the actualofficial responsible forenvironmental health amount beingin human settlements,said the ideal level of put in was justinvestment inIndonesia’s sanitation Rp 200 perinfrastructure was Rp54,000 ($5.64) per capita percapita per year. year.The Jakarta Globe• September 12, 2012
• Alex Wekesa, 26, stands near the Fresh Life toilet he operates in Mukuru, Nairobi. Wekesa has two toilets (choo in Swahili) and charges four shillings per adult customer, and two shillings per child. He says he gets around 50 customers per day. Before, people in the slum often used flying toilets: they would urinate or defecate into a plastic bag and then throw it into the narrow streets
• The inside of a Fresh Life toilet, made by Sanergy. The walls are made of prefabricated concrete, and two containers are placed under the toilet to capture the waste. The containers are emptied every day by a team of waste collectors and brought to a nearby site for processing into organic fertiliser
• Locals celebrate the inauguration of composting toilets in an El Alto neighbourhood in La Paz, Bolivia. Many people have no sewerage service – for them the closest river is the bathroom – but Sumaj Huasi, an NGO, provides families with some materials and the plans to build their own toilets close to their homes, but in separate buildings. The homeowner supplies the labour and easy-to-acquire materials
• The family add personal touches to their new toilet. The front section collects urine, which is piped to a container outside the building, and there is a receptacle below for faeces. The toilet doesnt smell because ash or wood chips are sprinkled into the bowl after every use
• In Jamestown, the poorest part of the Ghanian capital, Accra, local residents used money from tours of the harbour to pay for a toilet, to reduce open defecation on their beach. The beach is much cleaner and now has a small bar as well, as Ghana makes progress on sanitation
• Privy in Peru: the girls and boys toilets of a primary school in the village of Yana Mono Zone Two, on the banks of the Amazon river near Iquitos, Peru
• The public toilets in the Mercado de Productores (Producerss market) in the city of Iquitos. They cost 0.3 Peruvian Soles ($0.12) to use, without toilet paper, or 0.5 Peruvian Soles if you need a wipe …
• In 2009 this was the only toilet at Simakakata community school in southern Zambia. It was for the exclusive use of the teachers – the children had to use a nearby cornfield. There was no water for washing hands either. But since this photo was taken, a toilet block has been built with money from Care International, which has made a huge difference to hygiene
• The Golden Poo, a Japanese good luck charm (playing on the similarity between the words for luck and poo in Japanese) was an eye- catching exhibit at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine last month in an exhibition drawing attention to sanitation, a major killer of children in developing countries
• An Indian boy defecates in a poor neighborhood of New Delhi. Nearly half of Indias 1.2 billion people have no toilet at home. More people own a mobile phone, according to the countrys 2011 census. Jairam Ramesh, until recently Indias rural development minister, urged women not to get married into families that do not have toilets in their homes. Globally, poor sanitation kills more people than HIV and Aids, malaria and measles combined, according to the charity Wherever the Need
• A makeshift toilet by the side of a stream in Srinagar, the summer capital of Indian Kashmir. According to Water.org, 780 million people lack access to clean drinking water, often as a result of sewage leaking directly into rivers and lakes
• Local loo: a woman outside her new latrine. Burma now has three open defecation free villages, following a community-led sanitation effort by Unicef and the health ministry. Using hands-on visual training and demonstrations, the villages in western Bago Division have stamped out the practice, but 8% of Burmas population still defecate outdoors
• An abandoned toilet on the banks of the Mekong river in Laos. The degradation of the water, vital as an economic lifeline for 60 million people, is a great concern for the six Asian nations it flows through
A communal latrine in Kroo Bay inFreetown, Sierra Leone. Cholera is a severeproblem in Sierra Leone and elsewhere in westAfrica because of open defecation andimproper disposal of sewage
There is little privacy in these public latrines inKroo Bay. There is also a security issue,especially for women needing to go to thetoilet at night, according to a report byAmnesty International
How do you provide sanitation in water-scarce, sewage-light areas? Michael Hoffman,of the California Institute of Technology,explains his winning design in the Reinvent theToilet challenge
7,500 people die daily due to a lack ofsanitation, including 5,000 children under five years of age. Annually, 272 million schooldays aremissed due to water-borne or sanitation- related diseases.
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