26 Januari 2012                                        EXITINTERFAC                  ROUTING   PROXY   DHCP   DNS       MA...
INTERFACE      Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny)                                                        Konfigurasi NIC        ...
ROUTING      Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny)                                                   Konfigurasi Router            ...
PROXY      Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny)                                                          Konfigurasi Proxy        ...
DHCP      Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny)                                                         Konfigurasi DHCP           ...
DNS      Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny)                                                      Konfigurasi DNS                ...
DNS      Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny)                                                       Konfigurasi DNS               ...
MAIL      Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny)                                                   Konfigurasi Mail Server          ...
MAIL      Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny)                                                 Konfigurasi Mail Server            ...
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Ahmad-debian

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Ahmad-debian

  1. 1. 26 Januari 2012 EXITINTERFAC ROUTING PROXY DHCP DNS MAIL E KONFIGURASI DEBIAN 5 Debian Lenny
  2. 2. INTERFACE Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny) Konfigurasi NIC # nano /etc/network/interfaces # The loopback network interface auto lo iface lo inet loopback # The primary network interface auto eth0 iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.4.118 netmask 255.255.255.0 network 192.168.4.0 broadcast 192.168.4.255 gateway 192.168.4.1 # dns-* options are implemented by the resolvconf package, if installed dns-nameservers 192.168.18.81 dns-search syaif.edu auto eth1 iface eth1 inet static address 192.168.18.81 netmask 255.255.255.0 network 192.168.18.0 broadcast 192.168.18.255 N Tambahkan settingan seperti contoh di atas pada konfigurasi NIC anda.KKTKJ Smk Kelas XII Ahmad Syaifudin
  3. 3. ROUTING Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny) Konfigurasi Router # nano /etc/rc.local ======== # nano /etc/sysctl.conf • rc.local # nano /etc/resolv.conf ======== iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -s 192.168.18.0/24 -p tcp --dport 80 -j REDIRECT --to-ports 3128 echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward ========== • sysctl.conf ========== net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1 (hilangkan tanda pagarnya) ========== • resolv.conf ========== search syaif.edu nameserver 192.168.18.81 nameserver 192.168.4.1 N Tambahkan settingan seperti contoh di atas pada konfigurasi PC-Router anda.KKTKJ Smk Kelas XII Ahmad Syaifudin
  4. 4. PROXY Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny) Konfigurasi Proxy # apt-get install squid # Squid normally listens to port 3128 # nano /etc/squid/squid.conf (Ctrl+w)  http_port 3128 http_port 3128 transparent (Ctrl+w)  acl connect (Ctrl+w)  and finally deny acl CONNECT method CONNECT acl situs dstdomain "/etc/squid/situs" # nano /etc/squid/situs acl lan src 192.168.18.0/24 no_cache deny situs http_acces deny situs http_access allow lan cache_mgr saif@syaif.edu visible_hostname www.syaif.edu # And finally deny all other access to this proxy #http_access deny all ======= File situs ======= Masukkan alamat yang ingin di blokir di file situs N “situs” dapar diganti apa saja, “dstdomain” dapat diganti “url_regex”.KKTKJ Smk Kelas XII Ahmad Syaifudin
  5. 5. DHCP Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny) Konfigurasi DHCP # apt-get install dhcp3-server # nano /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf # A slightly different configuration for an internal subnet. subnet 192.168.18.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 { range 192.168.18.100 192.168.18.120; option domain-name-servers 192.168.18.81; option domain-name “syaif.edu"; option routers 192.168.18.81; option broadcast-address 192.168.18.255; default-lease-time 600; max-lease-time 7200; } N Range dapat diisi sesuai keinginan kita, tergantung jumlah client.KKTKJ Smk Kelas XII Ahmad Syaifudin
  6. 6. DNS Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny) Konfigurasi DNS Halaman 1 # apt-get install bind9 =========== # nano /etc/bind/named.conf • named.conf =========== zone "syaif.edu" { type master; file "db.syaif"; }; zone "192.in-addr.arpa" { type master; file "db.192"; }; N Setting DNS anda seperti settingan di atas, untuk mengedit tampilan di (#nano /var/www/index.html)KKTKJ Smk Kelas XII Ahmad Syaifudin
  7. 7. DNS Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny) Konfigurasi DNS Halaman 2 * copy db.127 di /etc/bind ke /var/cache/bind/db.192 ========== * copy db.local di /etc/bind ke /var/cache/bind/db.syaif • db.smkitsi # nano /var/cache/bind/db.syaif ========== # nano /var/cache/bind/db.192 ; * Pengujian (#nslookup syaif.edu) ; BIND data file for local loopback interface ======= ; • db.192 $TTL 604800 ======= @ IN SOA syaif.edu. root.syaif.edu. ( ; 2 ; Serial ; BIND reverse data file for local loopback interface 604800 ; Refresh ; 86400 ; Retry $TTL 604800 2419200 ; Expire @ IN SOA syaif.edu. root.syaif.edu. ( 604800 ) ; Negative Cache TTL 1 ; Serial ; 604800 ; Refresh @ IN NS syaif.edu. 86400 ; Retry @ IN A 192.168.18.81 2419200 ; Expire www IN A 192.168.18.81 604800 ) ; Negative Cache TTL mail IN A 192.168.18.81 ; @ IN NS syaif.edu. 81.18.168 IN PTR www.syaif.edu. 81.18.168 IN PTR mail.syaif.edu. N Setting DNS anda seperti settingan di atas, dan perhatikan pemakaian tanda titik setelah URL.KKTKJ Smk Kelas XII Ahmad Syaifudin
  8. 8. MAIL Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny) Konfigurasi Mail Server Halaman 1 # apt-get install postfix ======= # apt-get install dovecot-imapd • Postfix # apt-get install courier-imap ======= # apt-get install courier-pop Ok  Internet Site  syaif.edu # apt-get install squirrelmail =================== # apt-get install apache2 • Courier-imap courier-pop # nano /etc/apache2/apache2.conf ==================== # nano /etc/squirrelmail/apache.conf No # maildirmake /etc/skel/Maildir ============ =========== • Apache2.conf • Apache.conf ============ =========== # Include the virtual host configurations: # users will prefer a simple URL like Include /etc/apache2/sites-enabled http://webmail.example.com Include /etc/squirrelmail/apache.conf #<VirtualHost 1.2.3.4> # DocumentRoot /usr/share/squirrelmail # ServerName webmail.example.com #</VirtualHost> <VirtualHost *:80> DocumentRoot /usr/share/squirrelmail ServerName mail.syaif.edu </VirtualHost> N Setting Mail Server anda seperti settingan di atas.KKTKJ Smk Kelas XII Ahmad Syaifudin
  9. 9. MAIL Konfigurasi Debian 5 (Lenny) Konfigurasi Mail Server Halaman 2 # dpkg-reconfigure postfix ====================== # nano /etc/postfix/main.cf dpkg-reconfigure postfix # adduser admin ====================== Ok  Internet Site  smkitsi.edu  biarkan kosong  tambahkan (,192.168.18.81/24)  No  tambahkan (,192.168.18.81/24)  No  0  +  ipv4 ======== • main.cf ======== inet_interfaces = all inet_protocols = ipv4 home_mailbox = Maildir/ N Setting Mail Server anda seperti settingan di atas, admin dapat diganti nama anda alias terserah.KKTKJ Smk Kelas XII Ahmad Syaifudin
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