Learning vocabulary is a very important part of
learning a language. The more words you
know, the more you will be able to understand
what you hear and read; and the better you
will be able to say what you want when
speaking or writing.
In addition, vocabulary is the most important
and time-consuming part of learning a
* This activity made for students of 13 years.
* Learning vocabulary is a basic tool to improve
your English .There are at least 500,000 words
in English. The native English speaker uses an
average of 5,000 words in his/her everyday
speech. And only 50 words make up 45% of
everything written in English.
* There are many words you don’t need at all
and there are other words that you simply need
to understand when you read or hear them.
Also, there are words which you need to be
able to use yourself.
Which words to learn
Every day you hear or read many new words.
You need to decide which ones to concentrate
on. Here are some suggestions:
1- learn the words that are important to the
subjects you are studying
2- learn the words that you read or hear again
3- learn the words that you know you will often
want to use yourself
4- do not learn words that are rare or not useful
(your teacher can help you with this)
How to learn words
Once you have chosen which words to learn, next you have to
decide how you are going to learn them. Here are a few
1- write the words in a notebook (with their translations or
Queue: a line of people who are waiting for something.
Custom: a thing which all the people in a country or a region
2- write the words and definitions on small cards
3- say the words many times
4- put the words into different groups
* Africa, Europe, Asia, America →→ continents
* happy, sad, angry, scared, excited →→ They are all
5- make associations
Such as (school). This word means ‘a place where
students study’. This word generates another related
‘class’, ‘classroom’, ‘students’, ‘teachers’, ‘whiteboa
rd’, ‘principal’, ‘grades’ etc.
6- ask someone to test you
7- use the words in your own speaking or writing
In all of the above ways, you are doing something with
the words. It’s not enough to just read the words
with their definitions and try to remember them.
But you will memorize words better if you do
something with them.
Try and learn the word in a combination with other
words. Learning that to apologize means to say
sorry, but it's much better to learn a whole
expression containing the word, e.g. He apologized
for being late. (verb). Please, take my apologies
Not only this is easier to remember, but you are also
learning some very important information on how
the word is used.
What Learning a new English word
It is not enough just to know the meaning of a
word . You also need to know:
what words it is usually associated with
(words that commonly go together),
whether it has any grammatical
characteristics (irregular verbs or
uncountable nouns), and
how it is pronounced.
Learning vocabulary by reading
Read, Read, Read! Most vocabulary words
are learned from context. The more words
you're exposed to, the better vocabulary you
will have. While you read, pay close
attention to words you don't know. First, try
to figure out their meanings from context.
Then look the words up in a dictionary.
Read and listen to challenging material so
that you'll be exposed to many new words.
Lets guess the meaning of these
Two brothers lived in an old eastern city:
man, andmiserandselfishAli, a rich but
man.honestAhmed, a poor and
- selfish: he cares only about himself , and not
- miser: he seem to hate spending money, and
to spend as little as possible.
- honest: he always tell the truth.
Learning vocabulary by pictures
Play games! that test your knowledge. It will
help you learn new words and also let you
know how much progress you're making.
Play Scrabble, Boggle, and do crossword
puzzles. These and other word games are
available for the computer, so you are not
dependent on a partner to play.
Write the correct letters order
1- p, l, e, p, a
2- o, r, s, e
3- u, p, c
4- v, w, c, e, r, s, r, e, r, d, i
5- a, o, s, f
6- k, i, r, s, t
Match every word with the correct
(family – breakfast – zebra – map – eyebrow -
Cross out the odd word
1- pilot, engineer, doctor, spoon
2- carrot, boy, cucumber, lettuce
3- notebook, pencil, toy, pencil sharpener
4- Britain, Saudi
Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain
5- face, nose, hand, glasses
6- mobile, laptop, TV, phone, T-shirt
Purposes of learning vocabulary
Learning vocabulary is very beneficial for students.
1- It will help them to speak and write correctly.
2- They will be able to choose the appropriate word
and use it more effectively.
3- They will be able to understand deeper and made
their communication easier than before. 4- They
will have open minds to have new vocabulary, ideas
and thoughts to share with others.
5- A strong vocabulary will help students express their
thoughts more clearly.
This activity is beneficial
1- It gives students some new vocabulary.
2- It helps them with useful techniques for
3- It helps them with the easiest way to
memorize and remember different words.
4- Learning vocabulary aids students to learn
other skills (reading, speaking …..etc)
Finally, I think learning vocabulary is an
essential part of learning any language. It
provides students with new words and
expressions to use. Also, they will have some
new techniques and strategies to learn.
Learning vocabulary will facilitates learning
other language and communication skills.
I hope you enjoy my presentation.