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Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
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Menstrual cycle

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  • 1.
  • 2. Menstrual Cycle<br />By : <br />MohamadSyafie & Asrul Hafiz<br />
  • 3. Definition<br />Monthly cycle of changes that occur in female body, associated with ovulation and the discharge of blood <br />Take about 28 day for each cycle<br />Certain cases may be more or less than 28 days<br />
  • 4. Menstruation <br />Mean, the discharge of excess blood and tissues of the endometrium when the uterine lining breaks down during the menstrual cycle<br />Last for about 4 to 5 days<br />
  • 5. Normal Menstruation<br />21- 40 day cycle<br />2-8 days of flow<br />20-80ml of blood loss<br />Menstrual Variations<br />No flow<br />Little flow<br />Irregular<br />Too much flow<br />
  • 6. Characteristic by the following structural and physiological <br />Changes in ovary associated with the development of follicles and ovulation<br />Changes in lining of uterus( endometrium)<br />Changes in the level of hormones involve in the menstrual cycle<br />
  • 7. Importance of menstrual cycle<br />Prepare the uterus for the implantation of a zygote<br />Occurrence of ovulation<br />Occurrence of menstruation<br />To stimulate the secretion of various hormones<br />
  • 8. Menstrual Cycle: Egg Maturation, and Endometrial Growth<br />Follicular phase<br />Egg matures<br />Ovulation<br />Egg released<br />Luteal phase<br />Corpus luteum<br />Endometrium<br />Prepare for blastocyst<br />No Pregnancy<br />Menses<br />Figure 26-13: The menstrual cycle<br />
  • 9. Endocrine Control of Menstrual Cycle: Follicular Phase and Ovulation<br />Figure 26-14a,b: Hormonal control of the menstrual cycle <br />
  • 10. Days 1-14 Follicular Phase<br />Secretion of estrogen<br />Day 14 Ovulatory Phase<br />Ovulation signaled<br />
  • 11. Days 14-28 <br />Luteal Phase <br />Secretion of progesterone & estrogen<br />
  • 12. Three Stage Of Menstrual Cycle <br />Menstruation stage(1st day to day 5th )<br />Follicle development stage (from end of menstruation to ovulation 6th to 14th day)<br />Corpus luteum stage (from ovulation to the beginning menstruation, 15th day to 28th day) <br />
  • 13. Menstrual Problems<br />Painful Periods <br /> Cramping<br /> Nausea<br /> Vomiting<br />Heavy Periods <br />Anaemia due to loss of iron<br />
  • 14. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)<br /> Breast discomfort<br /> Bloating<br /> Mood swings<br /> Food craving<br />No Period<br /> Pregnancy<br /> Medical condition<br />
  • 15. Treating Menstrual Problems<br />Medication<br />Exercise<br />Proper Diet<br />

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