QUESTION 4 What problems might surface inteams at each stage in the five-stage group development model?
Differences Between Group And TeamTEAMA team is internally organized, with specificgoals and usually with specific roles fordifferent members of the team.GROUPA group is just a collection of people withsomething in common, such as being in thesame place or having a shared interest.
Five-Stage Group Development ModelO FormingO StormingO NormingO PerformanceO Adjourning
Forming- Team members learn about each otherat hand.- Problems might arise in forming stage:O unclear objectivesO uninvolvement, uncommitted membersO ConfusionO Low moraleO Hidden feelingsO Poor listening
How to manage these problemsO By introducing them to one another (quiet drawn and not left out).O Good communication to ensure the team to understand and on what needs to be achieved.
Storming- As members continue to work, they willengage each other in arguments aboutthe structure of the group which oftenare significantly emotional and illustratea struggle for status in the team.- Problems might arise in storming stage :O conflict over who will control the teamO lack of cohesionO failure, inconsistencyO anger
How to manage this problems?O clarifying work goals, individual roles and objectives. (so they become more focus)O team rules such as collaboration and sharing maybe developed. (give clear indication why rules needed)
Norming- Characterized by close relationship and cohesiveness.- Problems might arise from norming stage :O opening risky issuesO members may begin to fear the inevitable future breakup of the groupO they may resist change of any sort.
How to manage these problems?O requiring the balanced focus on people and workO team members will feel more comfortable in their roles and in working with the others.
Performance- a steady-state is achieved, where team reaches and optimal level of performance.- Problems might arise from performance stage:O easy to slip into a happy and lower- performing familyO target the people in an ever-increasing focus on the task at hand.
How to manage these problems?O Leader must focus and control the members to prevent these problems from happening.
Adjourning- team members disband afterfinished doing tasks. - problems might arise in adjourningstage :O Team members will feel depressed over losing camaraderie and friendships.
How to manage these problemsO Focus on wrapping up activities (farewell party, etc.)O This requires the skills of change management to be deployed, for example in celebrating the successes of the past.