ETHICAL CONCERNSWHEN WORKING WITH STUDENTS WITH ASD SUSAN WORKMAN AUT 501 JULY 3, 2012 SEQUITA LIPSCOMB
COUNCIL FOR EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN CODE OF ETHICS• Special education professionals are supposed to abide by a code of ethics. One standard states, “exercise objective professional judgment in the practice of your profession” (Hall, 2009, p. 57). We will look at a few ways we can maintain professional standards in the classroom.
EXERCISE PROFESSIONAL JUDGMENTThere are several pitfalls in general to be aware as youwork with students with autism in the classroom.• Privacy• Professional courtesy• Assessments based on data vs. opinions
PRIVACY• The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act• Schools must have written permission from a parent in order to release any information from a student’s education record except:• School officials with legitimate educational interest• Officials performing evaluations• Complying with judicial order• Appropriate cases of health and safety emergencies• State and local authorities within juvenile justice system (Education, 2012)
PRIVACYDo:• Keep all paperwork assessable, but not viewable• Use locked cabinets for student files
PRIVACY• Put only first names on labels• Discuss student information onan as needed basis with otherStaff
PRIVACYGive information to general staffabout disorders, not children
PRIVACYDon’t:•Share information with curious visitors to class• Feel obligated to share information with other parents• Leave paperwork out where others have access
PRIVACY Enjoy this short video on an example of a FERPA violation from UTube (Park Place Publications, W alsh, Anderson, Brown, Gallegos , and Green P.C. Law Firm, 2010).
PROFESSIONAL COURTESYTeachers will have many experts available to gatherinformation and get help. Check the IEP forstrategists who can give advice. Use these resourcesin the classroom to allow the students to participatefully.
OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS • Informs ways to work on finger holds for pencils, scissors, or other media • Putty or playdough finger work • Writing without paper
OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS• Give suggestions for soothing techniques
SPEECH THERAPISTS Speech therapists can help set up communication devices, picture charts, and teach sign language.
SPEECH THERAPISTSThis is a shortclip of usinga speechtherapist intheclassroom(Lucigo, 2008)
PHYSICAL THERAPISTSPT’s can• Help check furniture for proper size for students• Provide belts or supports for stable sitting• Make suggestions for independence
PHYSICAL THERAPISTS • Adjust or train on equipment such as braces, wheelchairs , or other orthopedic devices
DATA BASED INTERVENTIONSThis refers to assessing the student with baselineinformation and progress monitoring throughout the yearto check for successful interventions. Data should betaken on a scheduled basis to check for understandingand adjust modifications if necessary (Hall, 2009).
DATA BASED INTERVENTIONSHere is a video on progress monitoring (Wetalearningmedia, 2011).
DATA BASED INTERVENTIONS• Functional behavior assessment should be conducted to plan for behavior plans and ongoing monitoring to check for success. These are tools needed at IEP meetings and shows professionalism (Hall, 2009).
PROFESSIONALISMBe a professional by:1. Keeping information for students private2. Listening to other experts’ advice and showing respect3. Keeping records and using research based interventions and monitoring progress
REFERENCES• Education, U. D. (2012, July 3). Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). Retrieved from ED.gov: http://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/ferpa/index.html• Hall, L. (2009). Autism spectrum disorders: From theory to practice. In L. Hall, Autism spectrum disorders: From theory to practice. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.• Lucigo. (2008, May 23). Speech therapy autism picnic. Retrieved July 7, 2012, from UTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fQ7wvowhgXM• Wetalearningmedia. (2011, March 15). Helping teachers use progress monitoring. Retrieved July 7, 2012, from YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3EPVJDne8Vo&feature=r elated