Autism Defined and Overview, Autism Prevalence, and Primary Characteristics
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Autism Defined and Overview, Autism Prevalence, and Primary Characteristics Autism Defined and Overview, Autism Prevalence, and Primary Characteristics Presentation Transcript

  • The Basics of AutismSpectrum Disorders Training Series Regional Autism Advisory Council of Southwest Ohio (RAAC-SWO) RAAC Training Committee 2011
  • Training Series Modules Module One: Autism Defined, Autism Prevalence and Primary Characteristics Module Two: Physical Characteristics of Autism Module Three: Cognition and Learning in Autism Module Four: Getting the Student Ready to Learn Module Five: Structuring the Classroom Environment Module Six: Using Reinforcement in the Classroom
  • Training Series Modules Module Seven: Autism and Sensory Differences Module Eight: Sensory in the Classroom Module Nine: Communication and Autism Module Ten: Communication in the Classroom Module Eleven: Behavior Challenges and Autism Module Twelve: Understanding Behavior in Students with Autism
  • Training Series Modules Module Thirteen: Social Skills in the School Environment Module Fourteen: Functional Behavior Assessment Module Fifteen: Working Together as a Team Module Sixteen: Autism and Leisure Skills to Teach Module Seventeen: Special Issues of Adolescence Module Eighteen: Safety and Autism Module Nineteen: Special Issues: High School, Transition, and Job Readiness
  • Training Series Modules Module Twenty: Asperger Syndrome: Managing and Organizing the Environment Module Twenty-One: Asperger Syndrome: Addressing Social Skills
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder Defined An Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a brain-based or neurobiological disorder of development. ASD causes differences in the way the brain processes ASD affects understanding and use of language to interact and communicate with people.
  • Big IdeaASD is a brain-based disorderthat results in differences in theway individuals understand andinteract with their world.
  • Affects of ASD on IndividualsASD effects: the way a person relates to people, events, and objects in the environment. the way a person responds to sensory stimuli such as pain, hearing, taste, smell, etc. the way a person learns and thinks.
  • Different Types of ASD
  • Autistic DisorderBiggest Challenges: Difficulties with social interaction. Difficulties with communication. Restricted interests and activities that they like to do over and over again. Repetitive behaviors, such as rocking or arm flapping.
  • Autistic Disorder ContinuedOther Characteristics: Usually behaviors can be seen by three years of age. Some children develop regularly the first years, then begin to lose their learned skills.
  • Asperger SyndromeBiggest Challenges: Difficulty with social interactions. Individuals appear to understand directions even when they don’t. For example, we may think they are being uncooperative. Individuals like to talk a lot about things that really interest them.
  • Asperger Syndrome ContinuedOther Characteristics: Intelligence ranges from average to well above average, so they may appear really smart, but cannot do everyday things independently.
  • PDD-NOS (Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified) Diagnosis often made when a person does not meet the criteria for a specific diagnosis (i.e. Autism, Asperger). There is generally an overall impairment in communication, social interactions, and individuals may have restricted interests.
  • Who gets ASD? All races, nationalities and socioeconomic groups Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ASD More common within families
  • Prevalence of ASDLeukemia 1 in 25,000Muscular Dystrophy 1 in 20,000Pediatric Aids 1 in 8,000Childhood Cancer 1 in 7,000Polio (1952 peak rate) 1 in 4,000Hearing Impairment 1 in 900Visual Impairment 1 in 800Down Syndrome 1 in 800Juvenile Diabetes 1 in 500Cerebral Palsy 1 in 400Autism (per Center for Disease Control (CDC) March 1 in 1102011)
  • Why are more people diagnosed with autism today? Better rules for diagnosis Asperger Syndrome added to ASD in 1994 Increased awareness of ASD People believe there are more services for an individual if the person has a diagnosis of ASD. Wrong diagnosis There are more persons with autism.
  • There are no two persons with autism exactly alike“If you’ve met one person withautism, you’ve met one person with autism.” Stephen Shore, Adult with Autism
  • Quick Facts about Autism Autism is the most common developmental disability, affecting 1 in 110 births … most recent Dec. 2010 Center for Disease Control (CDC) study A decade ago, the rate was thought to be 4-5 in 10,000 4 children with autism are born in the USA every hour … 35,000 per year Autism is 4 times more common in boys than in girls. Autism is often under-diagnosed in children – typically diagnosed by age 3-7
  • Autism Facts Continued Autism is the fastest growing serious developmental disability in the US, growing 10-17% per year Cost of autism is estimated at $35-$90 billion – 90% of that is spent on adult services Recent estimate (by Harvard) is that cost is $3.2M/person over their lifetime The costs are expected to more than double in the next decade For more information, see: www.autism-society.org or www.autismspeaks.org “The greatest underserved disability group”