Child care training series module ten updated playPresentation Transcript
The Basics of AutismSpectrum Disorders Training Series RAAC Training Committee 2012
Child Care Training Series Modules Module One: Autism Defined, Autism Prevalence and Primary Characteristics Module Two: Early Signs of Autism Module Three: Physical Characteristics of Autism Module Four: Cognition and Learning in Autism Module Five: Autism and Sensory Differences Module Six: Communication and Autism
Child Care Training Series Modules Module Seven: Behavior Challenges and Autism Module Eight: Understanding Behavior in Children with Autism Module Nine: Functional Behavior Assessment Module Ten: Autism and Play Skills to Teach Module Eleven: Safety and Autism
Autism and Play Skills to Teach Children with ASD may not learn play skills automatically. Skills can range from: None Limited
Big IdeaPlay skills need to be directlytaught.
Autism and Play Skills to Teach Play activities are an important part of a child’s life. Children with ASD may have limited interests. We need to teach new activities to go with their favorite activities so they have more choices and have activities to share with peers.
Strategies to Increase Skills Some children with ASD will prefer activities unique to their special interests. If the child has a particular interest, use that to guide play activities (i.e. Likes music – listen to music, play with musical toys; Likes food – teach a simple cooking activity). Some activities may need to be changed or adapted to be successful (i.e. a game may need to be simplified).
Strategies to Increase Play Skills A new activity will need to be broken down into simple steps. Each step will need to be taught separately with lots with lots of help and practice. New activities should be learned first with an adult and then with peers. Use a few clear words with visual and physical help when teaching an activity.
Strategies to Increase Play Skills Play activities can be done alone or as a group. Choices are important when playing. Some children with autism tend to play with the same toy over and over. Have several activities for the child to choose from. Choice-making is a skill and it may need to be taught. Have pictures of the available activities.
Big IdeaHelp the child with ASD choose avariety of activities so they donot get stuck doing the samething over and over again.