The Basics of AutismSpectrum Disorders Training Series RAAC Training Committee
Child Care Training Series Modules Module One: Autism Defined, Autism Prevalence and Primary Characteristics Module Two: Early Signs of Autism Module Three: Physical Characteristics of Autism Module Four: Cognition and Learning in Autism Module Five: Autism and Sensory Differences Module Six: Communication and Autism
Child Care Training Series Modules Module Seven: Behavior Challenges and Autism Module Eight: Understanding Behavior in Children with Autism Module Nine: Functional Behavior Assessment Module Ten: Autism and Play Skills to Teach Module Eleven: Safety and Autism
SafetyEmergencies: Because children with ASD can look like everyone else, police and other emergency responders may expect answers to questions that the child is not able to give (for example, giving their name). Some behaviors can be misunderstood.
SafetyEmergencies: Because children with ASD may have low muscle tone, emergency responders should never restrain the child by placing on his/her stomach. This type of restraint has caused death.
SafetyDangerous situations: The child may be drawn to materials such as matches and other dangerous items. Wandering off may be a problem. The child may not know how to move around in traffic, such as safely crossing the street. The child may not understand the danger of going off with a stranger.
Big IdeaA child with ASD may notrecognize a dangerous situation.
Safety Strategies Get to know the neighbors. Get to know nearby public safety agencies, police, fire department, and other emergency responders. If staff is in the community with a child with ASD, they should carry/wear identification.
Safety Strategies IdentificationThe child with ASD should carry identification at all times.The child should wear a medical alert bracelet/Identification bracelet.Identification information should say that the child may not be able to speak or may be too frightened to answer questions in an emergency.
Safety and ASD: Strategies to Share with Families At home, door alarms may be helpful to make sure the child doesn’t leave the house without your knowledge. If the child with ASD has dietary restrictions, refrigerator locks and cabinet locks may be needed. Removable stove knobs may be helpful if the child with ASD isn’t aware of the danger of burning themselves. Cleaning supplies and other dangerous products need to be locked up.
Safety and ASD: In the Community Autism decals for car windows are available to make sure that in case of an emergency, responders know that there is a passenger with ASD in the vehicle. (contact www.autismcincy.org). Many children with ASD are attracted to water. Swimming lessons are helpful to make sure the child is water safe.
Behavior and Safety When possible, be prepared for situations that could lead to behavior difficulties. Know the early signs of a problem behavior. Have a plan for when problems occur. Get to know the people who work in the places you go to frequently in the community so they can be helpful in an emergency.
Big IdeaGet to know the warning signs of abehavior problem so that littleproblems do not become big ones.