Rebuilding After Disaster - Jennifer Duyne Barenstein

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Rebuilding After Disaster - Jennifer Duyne Barenstein

  1. 1. A home is more than a house What agencies involved in housing reconstruction need to know about the links between housing, culture and livelihoods Swissnex - San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch Laboratorio Energia Ecologia Economia
  2. 2. <ul><li>Why understanding communities’ housing culture following a disaster matters </li></ul><ul><li>Housing requirements depend on people’s culture and way of life; </li></ul><ul><li>Following a disaster preserving and restoring the pre-disaster built environment gives people a sense of continuity and helps them to overcome their trauma; </li></ul><ul><li>If houses built by external agencies do not meet people’s needs they will abandon or modify them, which may lead to higher degrees of vulnerability. </li></ul>Swissnex-San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch Laboratorio Energia Ecologia Economia
  3. 3. <ul><li> Indigenous housing and building practices in coastal Tamil Nadu and the impact of post-disaster reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-tsunami housing conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Actors involved in housing processes </li></ul><ul><li>Housing reconstruction after the tsunami of 2004 and its impact on communities’ wellbeing </li></ul>Swissnex-San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch
  4. 4. Swissnex - San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch
  5. 6. Swissnex - San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch
  6. 11. Swissnex-San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch
  7. 13. Swissnex - San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch
  8. 23. Swissnex - San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch
  9. 33. Swissnex - San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch
  10. 35. Swissnex - San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch
  11. 36. Swissnex - San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch
  12. 37. Impact of post-tsunami housing reconstruction <ul><li>Loss of quality of life due to lack of climatic and social considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Nucleation of extended families and loss of social cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>Increased vulnerability and break-down of informal social security systems </li></ul><ul><li>Marginalisation of women </li></ul><ul><li>Violation of human rights and social conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of cultural heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of natural habitat (tree cutting) </li></ul><ul><li>Waste of resources (demolition of undamaged houses) </li></ul>Swissnex - San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch
  13. 38. Conclusions <ul><li>Understanding communities’ livelihoods and housing culture is a prerequisite for sustainable post-disaster housing reconstruction; </li></ul><ul><li>Building processes following disasters should be as similar as possible to those in normal times; </li></ul><ul><li>Building houses that are culturally appropriate means empowering people and giving them full control and responsibilities in building their houses; </li></ul>Swissnex - San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch
  14. 39. <ul><li>Thank you for your attention! </li></ul>Swissnex - San Francisco , November 4 th 2010 Dr. Jennifer Duyne Barenstein www.worldhabitat.supsi.ch World Habitat Research Centre

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