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The portuguese empire in the americas

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The portuguese empire in the americas Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Portuguese Empire in the Americas By Paige Ellis
  • 2. Ant ónio de Gouveia- Brazil
    • Time period:
      • Born in 1528
      • Died some time around 1575
    • Location:
      • Born in the Azores
      • Moved to Lisbon at age 20
      • Later sent to Brazil
    • Group:
      • Portuguese
    • Gender:
      • Male
    • Occupation:
      • Priest
    • General History:
      • He spent most of his life studying alchemy, “curing” sick people with magical objects and scamming people.
      • After several encounters with the Inquisition, he was exiled to Brazil.
      • There he spent his time capturing slaves, until he was sent back to Lisbon.
  • 3. Catarina de Monte Sinay- Brazil
    • Time Period:
      • Born in 1680
      • Died in 1758
    • Location:
      • Bahia, Brazil
    • Group:
      • Portuguese
    • Gender:
      • Female
    • Occupation:
      • Nun
    • General History
      • She was raised to be a nun, and entered a convent at age 16.
      • She was good with money, and she made a large income selling sweets and giving loans.
      • She used the money to provide for the convent and for her slaves.
  • 4. Francisca- Brazil
    • Time Period:
      • Born between 1700 and 1705
    • Location:
      • Raised in the Rio Negro Valley
    • Group:
      • Manao Indian
    • Gender:
      • Female
    • Occupation:
      • Slave
    • General History:
      • Her chief traded her to a slave trader as a good will gesture and illegally enslaved.
      • She ended up as a servant to Anna de Fonte
      • After 20 years, she petitioned Portuguese authorities for her freedom.
      • She lost the case and remained a slave for the rest of her life.
  • 5. The Portuguese Empire
    • Portugal became a world power during the Age of Discovery, in the 15th and 16th centuries.
    • Explorers like Prince Henry the Navigator and Vasco de Gama discovered new lands across the Indian and Atlantic Oceans.
    • Explorers were motivated by wealth, power, prestige, trade, and spreading Catholicism.
    • They built an empire including territories in South America, Africa, Asia, and Australasia.
    • Portugal had a virtual monopoly on the African seaborne slave trade, lasting for over 100 years.
    • It was the longest-lived of the modern European colonial empires.
  • 6. Colonial Brazil
    • The Portuguese arrived in 1500, and Brazil remained their colony for over 300 years.
    • Brazil provided them with sugarcane, brazilwood, gold, diamonds, and slaves.
    • More slaves were brought over from Africa to help extract natural resources and serve the Europeans.
    • Jesuits were sent over to Christianize the indigenous people.
    • In 1808 the Portuguese court moved its government to Rio de Janeiro to escape Napoleon’s invasion.
    • When they returned to Portugal in 1821, the regent of Brazil declared himself emperor and Brazil seceded from Portuguese rule.
  • 7. Portuguese Explorers
    • Ferdinand Magellan made the first voyage around the world in
    • Vasco de Gama discovered an ocean route to the East
    • Bartholomeu Dias led a voyage around the Cape of Good Hope in 1487
    • Pedro Alvares Cabral was the first European to see Brazil in 1500
    • Gaspar and Miguel Corte-Real explored Greenland and the coast of Newfoundland