Paul revere's ride


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Paul revere's ride

  1. 1. Paul Revere’s Ride Paige Ellis
  2. 2. General Gage’s Dilemma <ul><li>Thomas Gage was the commander in chief of British forces in the New World, and the Royal Governor of Massachusetts. </li></ul><ul><li>His troops were never fortunate in war, but he proved his courage on the battlefield and was promoted many times. </li></ul><ul><li>He hated war, and most decisions he made were in an effort to avoid violence. </li></ul><ul><li>As resistance against the crown grew into violence, Gage grew frustrated- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He recognized the obligation to treat the colonists with moderation and justice. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On the other hand, such treatment only seemed to make them more daring. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. General Gage’s Dilemma <ul><li>His policy was to get rid of democracy in America. He wanted to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Restrict American settlement to the Atlantic coast to keep them within reach of the government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abolish town meetings and replace them with oligarchies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit access to law, and shift trials in political cases to England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep America commercially dependent on Britain. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>His more immediate plan was </li></ul><ul><li>to remove weapons from </li></ul><ul><li>Yankee hands, by a series of </li></ul><ul><li>small military operations. </li></ul><ul><li>This plan could only succeed </li></ul><ul><li>by surprise, so he did his best </li></ul><ul><li>to keep his intentions secret. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mounting Tensions <ul><li>On both sides, there was a growing sense that conflict was inevitable. </li></ul><ul><li>After a hard winter, there was a lack of food, drinking water, and illness among the British troops. </li></ul><ul><li>The troops grew bored and restless, and many turned to alcohol and started brawls with the already hostile colonists. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to desertion, military leaders took increasingly desperate measures, like execution, to scare their troops into loyalty. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mounting Tensions <ul><li>The top commanders began quarreling amongst themselves, which weakened their leadership. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bostonians were increasingly contemptuous of British troops, and the two sides would provoke each other to the point of violence and riots. </li></ul><ul><li>General Gage left the New England press free to publish without restraint, so men like Paul Revere used political cartoons and publications to further criticize and provoke Imperial officials. </li></ul><ul><li>General Gage was urged to </li></ul><ul><li>seize the ringleaders and </li></ul><ul><li>disarm the population, but he </li></ul><ul><li>was cautious and hesitated </li></ul><ul><li>to act. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Mission <ul><li>Gage knew he was outnumbered in America, so he resolved to strike at the heart of the rebel movement quickly, with as little bloodshed as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>The Whig leaders knew England was preparing to attack, but they refused to fight until the British fired the first shot. </li></ul><ul><li>Both sides fully relied on intelligence to warn them of the enemy’s plans. </li></ul><ul><li>Gage received reports of munitions being stored Concord, and that several Whig leaders were staying in nearby Lexington. </li></ul><ul><li>He prepared to strike, but was careful to operate within the limits of the law. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Mission <ul><li>Counter-intelligence in Boston informed the Whigs of Gage’s plan, and Paul Revere was sent to warn Concord of a march the next day. </li></ul><ul><li>It turned out to be a false alarm, and Gage learned that news of his movements would reach Concord before his troops. </li></ul><ul><li>He sent out disguised British officers to intercept any American messengers, but the Americans were aware of them and warned the countryside of their presence. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Warning <ul><li>On April 18th, 1775, Bostonians became aware of British plans to attack Concord and Lexington the next day. </li></ul><ul><li>Their movements were reported to Paul Revere and Dr. Joseph Warren, and the rumors were confirmed by a British informer. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Revere and other dispatched were sent out by different routes, to warn the Whigs in Lexington. </li></ul><ul><li>He set out by boat to Charlestown, where they had already arranged an alarm system. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Warning <ul><li>Revere and his friends lit two lanterns in the steeple of the North Church in Charlestown, to signal that the British Regulars were to approach by sea. </li></ul><ul><li>While the Charlestown Whigs were acting on the signal, they supplied Revere with a horse and he set off for Lexington, around 11 o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>He was forced to take a detour when he ran into soldiers, but he arrived in Lexington </li></ul><ul><li> around midnight and met with </li></ul><ul><li>Sam Adams and John Hancock. </li></ul><ul><li>Next, Revere and another rider </li></ul><ul><li> left to go warn Concord. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Capture <ul><li>On the way to Concord, Revere and Dawes met Samuel Prescott, and they resolved to warn the entire countryside in case they were captured. </li></ul><ul><li>As they approached a farm, they were ambushed by British Regulars- Dawes got away, but Revere and Prescott were taken captive. </li></ul><ul><li>They were taken to a field, along with every other suspicious rider they had stopped. </li></ul><ul><li>They tried to escape, but only Prescott got away. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Capture <ul><li>Some of the Regulars abused Revere, but the commanding officer addressed him as a gentleman and questioned him. </li></ul><ul><li>Revere answered everything truthfully, and proceeded to tell them more than they knew about their own operation. </li></ul><ul><li>He warned them that the people of </li></ul><ul><li>Lexington knew of their plans, and </li></ul><ul><li>their lives were at risk if they lingered. </li></ul><ul><li>They heard gunshots coming from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lexington and they knew the element </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of surprise was lost, so they released </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the prisoners and fled. </li></ul></ul>