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Paul revere's ride

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  • 1. Paul Revere’s Ride Paige Ellis
  • 2. General Gage’s Dilemma
    • Thomas Gage was the commander in chief of British forces in the New World, and the Royal Governor of Massachusetts.
    • His troops were never fortunate in war, but he proved his courage on the battlefield and was promoted many times.
    • He hated war, and most decisions he made were in an effort to avoid violence.
    • As resistance against the crown grew into violence, Gage grew frustrated-
      • He recognized the obligation to treat the colonists with moderation and justice.
      • On the other hand, such treatment only seemed to make them more daring.
  • 3. General Gage’s Dilemma
    • His policy was to get rid of democracy in America. He wanted to
      • Restrict American settlement to the Atlantic coast to keep them within reach of the government
      • Abolish town meetings and replace them with oligarchies
      • Limit access to law, and shift trials in political cases to England
      • Keep America commercially dependent on Britain.
    • His more immediate plan was
    • to remove weapons from
    • Yankee hands, by a series of
    • small military operations.
    • This plan could only succeed
    • by surprise, so he did his best
    • to keep his intentions secret.
  • 4. Mounting Tensions
    • On both sides, there was a growing sense that conflict was inevitable.
    • After a hard winter, there was a lack of food, drinking water, and illness among the British troops.
    • The troops grew bored and restless, and many turned to alcohol and started brawls with the already hostile colonists.
    • Due to desertion, military leaders took increasingly desperate measures, like execution, to scare their troops into loyalty.
  • 5. Mounting Tensions
    • The top commanders began quarreling amongst themselves, which weakened their leadership.
    • The Bostonians were increasingly contemptuous of British troops, and the two sides would provoke each other to the point of violence and riots.
    • General Gage left the New England press free to publish without restraint, so men like Paul Revere used political cartoons and publications to further criticize and provoke Imperial officials.
    • General Gage was urged to
    • seize the ringleaders and
    • disarm the population, but he
    • was cautious and hesitated
    • to act.
  • 6. The Mission
    • Gage knew he was outnumbered in America, so he resolved to strike at the heart of the rebel movement quickly, with as little bloodshed as possible.
    • The Whig leaders knew England was preparing to attack, but they refused to fight until the British fired the first shot.
    • Both sides fully relied on intelligence to warn them of the enemy’s plans.
    • Gage received reports of munitions being stored Concord, and that several Whig leaders were staying in nearby Lexington.
    • He prepared to strike, but was careful to operate within the limits of the law.
  • 7. The Mission
    • Counter-intelligence in Boston informed the Whigs of Gage’s plan, and Paul Revere was sent to warn Concord of a march the next day.
    • It turned out to be a false alarm, and Gage learned that news of his movements would reach Concord before his troops.
    • He sent out disguised British officers to intercept any American messengers, but the Americans were aware of them and warned the countryside of their presence.
  • 8. The Warning
    • On April 18th, 1775, Bostonians became aware of British plans to attack Concord and Lexington the next day.
    • Their movements were reported to Paul Revere and Dr. Joseph Warren, and the rumors were confirmed by a British informer.
    • Paul Revere and other dispatched were sent out by different routes, to warn the Whigs in Lexington.
    • He set out by boat to Charlestown, where they had already arranged an alarm system.
  • 9. The Warning
    • Revere and his friends lit two lanterns in the steeple of the North Church in Charlestown, to signal that the British Regulars were to approach by sea.
    • While the Charlestown Whigs were acting on the signal, they supplied Revere with a horse and he set off for Lexington, around 11 o’clock.
    • He was forced to take a detour when he ran into soldiers, but he arrived in Lexington
    • around midnight and met with
    • Sam Adams and John Hancock.
    • Next, Revere and another rider
    • left to go warn Concord.
  • 10. The Capture
    • On the way to Concord, Revere and Dawes met Samuel Prescott, and they resolved to warn the entire countryside in case they were captured.
    • As they approached a farm, they were ambushed by British Regulars- Dawes got away, but Revere and Prescott were taken captive.
    • They were taken to a field, along with every other suspicious rider they had stopped.
    • They tried to escape, but only Prescott got away.
  • 11. The Capture
    • Some of the Regulars abused Revere, but the commanding officer addressed him as a gentleman and questioned him.
    • Revere answered everything truthfully, and proceeded to tell them more than they knew about their own operation.
    • He warned them that the people of
    • Lexington knew of their plans, and
    • their lives were at risk if they lingered.
    • They heard gunshots coming from
      • Lexington and they knew the element
      • of surprise was lost, so they released
      • the prisoners and fled.