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French colonies of north america






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French colonies of north america French colonies of north america Presentation Transcript

  • The French Colonies of North America Paige Ellis
  • American Colonies 5- Canada and Iroquoia
    • The French started their colony in northern latitudes, to avoid hostility from Spain.
    • The French colony was based on fur trade, which caused the French and Indians to become mutually dependent.
    • The Europeans bought furs with manufactured goods, which the Indians prized for spiritual and utility reasons.
    • The fur trade pitted the Indians against each other, as well as causing competition among the Europeans.
    • The French settled in the St. Lawrence Valley because it was ideal for trading.
    • When they befriended the Hurons, Algonkins, and Montagnais, they made themselves enemies of the Iroquois.
    • The French engaged in attacks on the Iroquois, which drove the Iroquois to try and disrupt the fur trade.
    • Europeans began to sell the Indians firearms, which revolutionized Indian warfare.
    American Colonies 5- Canada and Iroquoia
    • The Iroquois conducted wars to appease grief, restore power, and build status.
    • They took prisoners from their enemies and subjected them to torture, to build group cohesion and prepare boys for warfare.
    • Eventually the Five Nations of the Iroquois formed a league of peace, which was primarily a ceremonial forum to promote peaceful thinking.
    • This internal peace refocused Iroquois hostility outward, escalating their hatred for their enemies.
    American Colonies 5- Canada and Iroquoia
    • The French colony was sustained by the Jesuits’ efforts to convert the Indians.
    • The Jesuits mastered the native languages and lived in their villages.
    • They encountered frustration because of the Indians’ relativistic worldview.
    • The Indians seemed more interested in the apparent magical powers of the Jesuits than the message they were preaching.
    • However, many Indians did convert to Catholicism, which undermined the unity and morale of their villages and nations.
    American Colonies 5- Canada and Iroquoia
  • American Colonies 16- French America
    • The French colony needed more inhabitants to defend itself against the British.
    • People were reluctant to move to New France, because it had a reputation for harsh climate, hostile Indians, and immoral inhabitants.
    • Even though the crown encouraged and even bribed people to go, most emigrants came as only out of desperation.
    • However, the inhabitants did enjoy privileges like hearty food, horses, and status.
    • The French colonies had a more militaristic and centralized form of authority than the British.
    • The crown appointed three officials to govern New France, but they constantly fought for power.
    • The crown also worked to reinforce social rank by favoring seigneurs financially.
    • Noble birth, rather than acquired wealth, was the primary criteria of status in New France.
    American Colonies 16- French America
    • In addition to Canada, the French colonized Louisiana, in the interior of North America.
    • However, few French volunteered to colonize it, so they relied on convicts and military conscripts.
    • Louisiana suffered from an underdeveloped economy, corrupt officials, and tension between the Europeans, the slaves, and the Indians.
    • Ultimately, the colony cost France more than it yielded in revenue.
    American Colonies 16- French America
    • The Indians and the French had an alliance based on trade and common enemies.
    • The French expected to buy the Indians’ obedience through gifts, but they gave more presents than they purchased in control.
    • The Indians came to rely on European goods, to the point where they considered the cessation of trade as an act of hostility.
    • The support of the Indians was crucial in supporting and defending the French colony, so they were mutually dependent.
    American Colonies 16- French America