Great proletarian cultural revolution
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Great proletarian cultural revolution

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Great proletarian cultural revolution Great proletarian cultural revolution Presentation Transcript

  • The Great ProletarianCultural RevolutionChina’s experience with mass movements
  • Pictures of the Revolution “Long Live the total victory of theRed Guard March Great Proletarian Revolution”
  • Origins of the Revolution The Great Leap Forward (1957-61)  Movement calling for increases in steel production, electrical and coal output  Purpose – surpass British industrial output by 1972; help China to be industrially self-sufficient  Outcome – destroyed Chinese agriculture resulting in massive famine; 30 million dead  Brought about loss of Soviet economic & military support for China
  • Mao strikes back! Mao decides to pay back his enemies who supposedly undermined his “Great Leap Forward” Urges youth to rise up in mass movement against two targets:  Party bureaucracy & the Four Olds (old habits, customs, culture, and thinking)  Beginning of Chinese fear of mass movements
  • Chaos! Hundreds of Red Guard brigades bring chaos to China Attack Confucian heritage Destroy cultural symbols of the country’s past Attack party workers and former Red Army soldiers Were an example to all the student rebellions tearing apart the West
  • “Protect the grandachievements ofthe GreatProletarian CulturalRevolution”Girl of the Red Guards writingrevolutionary slogans on the sideof a building
  • Consequences of the CulturalRevolution (part 1) Educational system shattered Ruinous economic losses Loss of much of China’s artistic legacy Mood of fear and uncertainty until Mao’s death Put Mao back in charge of the Chinese Communist Party Confirmed Mao’s maxim  “the Revolution never ends – it just needs constant rectification through mass movements”
  • Consequences of the CulturalRevolution (part 2) Decimated the Chinese Communist Party Major slow down in agriculture and industrial output In 1981 the CCP under the new leader, Deng Xiaoping, repudiates the Cultural Revolution  Reverses many of Mao’s policies Four major changes occurred:  Return to material incentives  Establishment of privately owned businesses  Farmers selling part of crop for profit  Foreign companies investing in China (cheap labor)
  • Unintended outcomes of Deng’sreforms Market reforms, greater contact with democracy in foreign countries, and discontent with China’s leaders brought about a mass movement led by the Youth to demand greater freedom of expression and CCP reforms Why did the Tiananmen Square Massacre happen?  Deng had participated in the mass movements which brought Mao to power  He and other CCP leaders had been purged from power and humiliated by the Red Guards for counter-revolutionary activity  Were fearful of the return to chaos  Rebellion had to be suppressed to protect government power and social stability
  • Conclusion China today is one of the world’s leading economic powers Politically and socially, it is strictly controlled by the Party