Breaking the Glass Ceiling Barriers BY JO ELLEN KANO
Overcoming Career Roadblocks for Women and Minorities AGENDAI. WHAT IS THE GLASS CEILING?II. WOMEN IN LEADERSHIP FACTSIII. BARRIERS IN CAREER ADVANCEMENTIV. PAY EQUITY AND COMPARABLE WORTHV. SOLUTIONS PROPOSED BY GOVERNMENTVI. HOW EMPLOYERS ARE ADDRESSING THIS ISSUEVII. PROPOSED SOLUTIONS – HOW TO PERSONALLY AFFECT CHANGEVIII. CAREER OBJECTIVES & SMASHING THE GLASSIX. KEY POINTS
What do these terms mean? Glass Ceiling Discriminatory practices that have prevented women and other protected-class members from advancing to executive-level jobs. Glass Walls Women to advance only in a limited number of functional fields within an organization. Glass Elevator or Escalator Refers to a fast track for advancement usually for men in a field more dominated by women. Glass Cliff An opportunity a woman may take or promoted into that puts her in a precarious position of utter professional disaster if she fails. Hour-Glass Ceiling A time-based impediment to career advancement, often faced by working mothers.
Women in Leadership <20% of women occupy upper management roles Females comprised of 48% of the workforce 15.4% of women held corporate officer positions (2007) 6.7% at top-paying positions 15.6% increase in companies who did not have female corporate officer positions Positions leading to top management jobs fell 1.9% Only 12 Women CEOs in Fortune 500 list of companies
Barriers to Advancement Societal Supply Barrier –related to educational opportunities and the level of job attainment Difference Barrier – Stereotypes, Prejudice, & Bias Internal Business Failed outreach and recruitment practices Business culture white male Failure of senior leadership to assume responsibility for women’s advancement Lack of mentoring/training, role models Lack of opportunities for career development Limited or no access to memberships, committees, highly visible task forces Different standards for performance evaluation Biased rating and testing systems Limited access to networks of communication Counterproductive behavior and harassment by colleagues
Equal Pay, Governmental, and Other Barriers Comparable Pay Barrier Governmental Lack of work-friendly policies Discrimination or harassment in the workplace Requiring long hours for advancement
Pay Equity / Comparable Worth The concept that pay for jobs requiring comparable levels of knowledge, skill, and ability should be paid similarity, even if actual duties differ significantly Arises from the continuing gap between the earnings of women and men 2007 Census Bureau Study Women earned less than men in 20 industries and 25 occupation groups Men earned more even in fields where female workers were dominant Courts have consistently ruled against the concept
Government Solutions to the Gender Pay GapLilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Equal Pay Act in 1963Restoration Act Jan. 29, 2009 In place to battle First legislation unequal pay for women President Obama and minorities in the signed into law workplace. Amends Civil Rights 1963 – women earned Act of 1964 and .58 per dollar to men changes the 180 day 1977 – changed to .77 time limit for filing and has stayed at this lawsuits level for 32 years.
Employers Addressing Issues Establishing mentoring programs Providing career rotation Increasing top management & boardroom diversity Establishing goals for diversity Allowing for alternative work arrangements Flexible hours Paternity/Maternity Leave
Proposed Solutions Equal pay for equal work may not be a viable solution Know your position, research the pay, and bring everything to the negotiating table Know your rights Identify key competencies within the organization Organizational Values Behaviors that the company values and rewards The type of person promoted Understand what sets the company and its leaders apart
Setting Career Objectives Align competencies with top management Let the boss know Ask about skills areas you need to develop Work together with the boss to set goals and objectives Monitor and measure your performance Building the Network Regularly reach out to new people Become involved with cross-functional teams Expand your professional network outside the company
Find a MentorWays to Smash Approach someone in upperthe Glass management to help See if the boss can be a mentor Find people who have strong political power to offer assistance Build a Reputation Seek high-profile projects Speak up and contribute in meetings Share ideas with peers as well as people in higher positions Identify places where your reputation is not what you want it to be, and develop plans to change them
Have you been pushed up to the Glass Ceiling? Whatever the reason, you have a choice Acceptance of the situation Be happy with looking up and not being able to touch what you see, or You can smash the glass with purpose and determination
In Closing…Key Points Champion and Market Yourself Proactively manage every step of your career You might have to work harder than others Develop the skills that the company values Have a development plan and a strong network Solicit help from the boss and hopefully a mentor Build and showcase the skills that will help you climb the corporate ladder. Push yourself beyond your comfort zone, and you may find new zones of opportunity. Apply this to your life
ReferencesArnst, C. (2008). Women in Leadership: The 20% Rule. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/careers/workingparents/blog/archives/2008/10/women_in_l eader.htmlBreaking the Glass Ceiling: Reaching for the Top with Everyday Tools. (2012). Mind Tools. Retrieved from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newCDV_71.htmFitzpatrick, L. (2010). Why do Women still earn less than men? Time U.S. Retrieved from http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1983185,00.htmlGlass Ceiling. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glass_ceilingHour Glass Ceiling. (2010, April). New York Times Opinion Pages. Retrieved from http://schott.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/04/20/hour-glass-ceiling/Obama’s First Bill Narrows Wage Gap. (2012). UAW Solidarity House. Retrieved from http://www.uaw.org/story/obamas-first-bill-narrows-wage-gapWisegeek (2012). What is the Glass Ceiling? http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-glass- ceiling.htm