My name is Stephanie Williams, I am a student at the University of Calgary in the Bachelor
of Education program, specializing in English & secondary education. This PowerPoint
will highlight many of the new techniques and ideas I have learned through my education
courses at the University so far. As I move from a learner to a teacher, my hope is that I
am able to employ what I have learned in a classroom. Please enjoy my journey from a
learner to a teacher!
Culture & Climate
“The most important foundational element is the
culture of the school.” ~ Allan A. Glatthorn (1992)
What is the differences between culture and climate?
Culture: “Some important elements of culture… are the norms, values, beliefs, traditions,
rituals, ceremonies, and myths translated by a particular group of people. Thus, the values
expressed in lesson plans and classroom teachings, the way the principle runs staff meetings, and
the decorations displayed in hallways are all integral parts of school culture.” – (Stolp S., Smith S.
Climate: “When discussing climate, the focus is on the impressions, feelings, and
expectations held by members of the school organization. These perceptions are
aroused by the organization’s structure, setting, as well as by the social interactions
among those who work and learn there” – (Stolp S., Smith S. C., 1995)
Diversity in learning
What are the many types of diversity found in a classroom?
“Different cultural groups have different ways of making meaning.” (Jerome C. Harste)
“Thirty years from now (by 2035) demographers project that students of color will constitute a majority of the student
population…” (Hodgkinson, 2001, U.S Bureau of the Census, 2000)
“[Teachers] must know how to provide clear, organized directions – using multiple modes of commutation so that
students who process information differently will be able to understand them and well-scaffolded tasks that provide
many entry points into the material so that students can learn.” (J. Banks et al., 2005)
“To instruct special needs students effectively, teachers need to understand the nature of various disabilities, ranging
from mild to moderate learning disabilities… to other concerns such as developmental delays, mental retardation,
hearing impairments, visual impairments, autism, emotional and behavioral disorders, speech and language
impairments, physical impairments (mobility), emotional disturbances, and attention deficit, hyperactivity disorder
(ADHD).” (J. Banks et al., 2005)
Forms of Literacy
Poverty and Learning
Poverty: the degree to which an individual does without resources
(Ruby Payne, A Framework for Understanding Poverty)
What forms of poverty are found within the classroom?
Knowledge of hidden rules
Universal Design for Learning
“Each child, everyday, no exception”-
UDL (July 26, 2012)
“Rule of thumb: Never use the gifted kids to help the
slower students.” – Dyck, B., September 23, 2013
“Because students understand how they learn, they
understand what they need” – UDL (July 26, 2012)
Universal Design for Learning
Scaffolding is the “support for learning and problem solving; the
support could be clues, reminders, encouragement, breaking the
problem down into steps, providing an example, or anything else that
allows the student to grow in independence as a learner” - (Woolfolk A. E.,
Winne P. H., Perry N. E., 2011)
Zone of Proximal Development
Brought into light by Vygotsky, the zone of proximal development
refers to the “phase at which a child can master a task if given
appropriate help and support” - (Woolfolk A. E., Winne P. H., Perry N. E., 2011)
Scaffolding can be thought of as the assistance
to a child to help them remain in the zone of
How do we make learning relevant?
Students learn what they care about, from people
they care about and who, they know, care about
them.” ~ Barbara Harrell Carson
Slide 1: http://www.flickr.com/photos/8087681@N08/4571489777 permission to use by idlphoto
Slide 2: Culture vs. Climate (February, 2012). Youtube. Retrieved from:
Slide 2: Stolp S., Smith S. C. (1995). Transforming school culture: Stories, symbols, values, and the leader’s role, 12.
Slide 2: Stolp S., Smith S. C. (1995). Transforming school culture: Stories, symbols, values, and the leader’s role, 15.
Slide 3: Jerome C. Harste. Quote retrieved at:
Slide 3: (Hodgkinson, 2001, U.S Bureau of the Census, 2000). J. Banks et al., 2005. Teaching Diverse Learners, 232.
Slide 3: J. Banks et al., 2005. Teaching Diverse Learners, 254.
J. Banks et al., 2005. Teaching Diverse Learners, 256.
Slide 4: Retrieved at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/35483578@N03/9969711815 permission to use by United
Slide 4: Retrieved at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/90772160@N00/248876814 permission to use by chrissuderman
Slide 4: Retrieved at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/33119757@N08/8615142874 permission to use by
Slide 5: Word cloud retrieved at: http://www.wordle.net/ (October 8, 2013). Created by Stephanie Williams.
Slide 5: Digital Literacy-Using Technology in the Classroom (March 27, 2012). Retrieved from:
Slide 6: Ruby Payne, A Framework for Understanding Poverty. Quote retrieved at:
Slide 6: Dyck, Brenda. Poverty and learning [PowerPoint]. Retrieved at:
Slide 6: Retrieved at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/12392252@N03/2445045126 permission to use by Sailing "Footprints: Real to Reel"
Slide 7: UDL (July 26, 2012). Youtube. Quote retrived from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I92QkPdvYRI
Slide 7: UDL (July 26, 2012). Youtube. Video retrived from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I92QkPdvYRI
Slide 8: ERLC An Inclusion Story Final Edit F6 360p 16x9 (October 13, 2011). Youtube. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vaT_DwHjGo
Slide 8: Retrieved at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/57913245@N02/7576630996 permission to use by Ollibean
Slide 8: Retrieved at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/35458432@N00/239355846 permission to use by scottwills
Slide 9: Woolfolk A. E., Winne P. H., Perry N. E., 2011. Educational Psychology. Fifth Canadian Edition, 49.
Slide 9: Retrieved at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/69108241@N00/192000914 permission to use by MSH*
Slide 10: Woolfolk A. E., Winne P. H., Perry N. E., 2011. Educational Psychology. Fifth Canadian Edition, 45.
Slide 10: Retrived at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/48639212@N02/5619629891 permission to use by Gates Foundation
Slide 11: Barbara Harrell Carson. Quote retrieved at:
Slide 11: Retrieved at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/65057443@N00/15958029 permission to use by kpishdadi
Slide 12: Retrieved at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/90376140@N00/3159682701 permission to use by juliecampbell