Vatican ii

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Vatican ii

  1. 1. Vatican II Steve Weyler
  2. 2. The Origins • In summary, Vatican II was a council called by Pope John XXIII in the year 1959. It was convened on October 11, 19622, and its purpose was to be a spiritual renewal of the church and reconsideration of the position of the church in the modern world.
  3. 3. Why was Vatican II Called? • John XXIII convoked the Vatican Council II as the twenty-first worldwide council to renew the life of the Church, reform structures and institutions that needed updating, and to discover new ways of spreading unity in the faith.
  4. 4. John’s Death • Pope John called the council but he lived for only one of its four sessions. • After years of preparation for the Council, John only lived for about one year of the actual meeting. • After his death, Pope Paul VI reconvened the council for the remaining three sessions
  5. 5. Documents of Vatican II • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Dogmatic Constitution on the Church (Lumen Gentium), Nov. 21, 1964. Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation (Dei Verbum), Nov. 18,1965. Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy (SacrosanctumConcilium), Dec. 4, 1963. Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World (Gaudium et Spes), Dec. 7, 1965. Decree on the Bishops' Pastoral Office in the Church (Christus Dominus), Oct. 28, 1965. Decree on the Church's Missionary Activity (Ad Gentes), Dec. 7, 1965. Decree on Ecumenism (UnitatisRedintegratio), Nov. 21, 1964. Decree on Eastern Catholic Church (OrientaliumEcclesiarum), Nov. 21, 1964. Decree on the Ministry and Life of Priests (PresbyterorumOrdinis), Dec. 7, 1965. Decree on Priestly Formation (OptatamTotius), Oct. 28, 1965. Decree on the Appropriate Renewal of the Religious Life (PerfectaeCaritatis), Oct. 25, 1965. Decree on the Apostolate of the Laity (ApostolicamActuositatem), Nov. 18, 1965. Decree on the Instruments of Social Communication (Inter Mirifica), Dec. 4, 1963. Declaration on Religious Freedom (DignitatisHumanae), Dec. 7, 1965. Declaration on the Relationship of the Church to Non-Christian Religions (Nostra Aetate), Oct. 28, 1965. Declaration on Christian Education (GravissimumEducationis), Oct. 28, 1965.
  6. 6. Changes that occurred, such as the priest now looking at the congregation and change to the language were heavily questioned, but to this day have not been changed since.
  7. 7. Changes • Vatican II is most famous for the changes that occurred in the church shortly after the council occurred. Most notably, they aimed to change: – Reforms to the liturgy – Lay people to have closer participation – Language / Particiaption
  8. 8. Problems: Conservative Catholics feel that after Vatican II, a change has occurred that has resulted in less church-goers, less respect and ultimately the church has separated from its roots.
  9. 9. Outcome • The church changed dramatically after Vatican II, some people happy and some not. The fact was that the church had remained the same after hundreds of years, and it needed a rejuvenation. Many parts of the mass changed, however Vatican II reaffirmed the beliefs the church had carried on through many centuries.
  10. 10. Quick Facts • How many bishops participated in Vatican Council II? – A total of 2,860 council fathers (world bishops) participated in the Twenty-first Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church. Attendance at council meetings varied from 2,000 to 2,500. • How many documents were formed? – A total of 16 documents were created, dealing with spiritual renewal and reform in the Church, without in any way changing the faith or morals of the Church.
  11. 11. Was Vatican II Necessary? • As Pope John XXIII said, – “For this a Council was not necessary. But from the renewed, serene, and tranquil adherence to all the teaching of the Church in its entirety and preciseness, as it still shines forth in the Acts of the Council of Trent and First Vatican Council, the Christian, Catholic, and apostolic spirit of the whole world expects a step forward toward a doctrinal penetration and a formation of consciousness in faithful and perfect conformity to the authentic doctrine, which, however, should be studied and expounded through the methods of research and through the literary forms of modern thought. The substance of the ancient doctrine of the deposit of faith is one thing, and the way in which it is presented is another. And it is the latter that must be taken into great consideration with patience if necessary, everything being measured in the forms and proportions of a Magisterium which is predominantly pastoral in character.”
  12. 12. Lasting Effects of Vatican II • Vatican II re-established what it meant to be a church, emphasized the Eucharist as the summit of the faith and changed the liturgy into what it is today. Masses are changed and still shaped by what was discussed and changed during Vatican II, making the church pretty much the exact same as it is today.
  13. 13. Good Relations with other faith • Inviting many other faiths to sit in on Vatican II really established good relations amongst many other faiths. – It reshaped the church’s relationship with other Christians and other religions. – At Vatican II, the church adopted a spirit of respect and dialogue toward other faith traditions. Ensuing dialogues have built bridges of understanding and strengthened relationships with Orthodox Christians, Jews, Muslims, Protestants and others.
  14. 14. 1962-1965 VATICAN II

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