All & Every

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All & Every

  1. 1. All & Every?
  2. 2. 1 . All and everybody/ everyone   We do not normally use all to mean everybody/everyone: •    Everybody enjoyed the party, (not 'All enjoyed...')     But note that we say all of us/ you/ them, not 'everybody of...': • All of us enjoyed the party, (not 'everybody of us ')
  3. 3. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>All and everything </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes you can use all or everything : </li></ul><ul><li>• I’ll do all I can to help,   </li></ul><ul><li>or I’ll do everything I can to help. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>You can say 'all I can' / 'all you need ' etc. but we do not normally use all alone: </li></ul><ul><li>• He thinks he knows everything, (not 'he knows all') </li></ul><ul><li>• Our holiday was a disaster. Everything went wrong, (not 'All went wrong') </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>We use ALL in the expression all about: </li></ul><ul><li>• They told us all about their holiday. </li></ul><ul><li>We also use all (not 'everything') </li></ul><ul><li>to mean the only thing (s): </li></ul><ul><li>• All I've eaten today is a sandwich . (= the only thing I've eaten today) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Every/ everybody/ everyone/ everything </li></ul><ul><li>These are singular words, so we use a singular verb: </li></ul><ul><li>• Every seat in the theatre was taken. </li></ul><ul><li>• Everybody has arrived, (not 'have arrived') </li></ul><ul><li>  But we often use they/ them/ their after everybody/ everyone : </li></ul><ul><li>• Everybody said they enjoyed themselves. (= he or she enjoyed himself or herself) </li></ul>
  6. 6. 4 . All day, every day  *We never say all days ; we say every day . * We use all with some singular countable nouns, e g: day, morning, year meaning ‘the whole of’. *We use every with day, morning , etc to say how often something happens. Compare: I worked all day (=the whole of the day, from morning to evening) I worked every day (= Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, etc)
  7. 7. <ul><li>More example sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>Is everybody happy with that? </li></ul><ul><li>Does everyone understand my position? </li></ul><ul><li>Everything she owns has been stolen. </li></ul><ul><li>All she wants now is to get back home to her parents. </li></ul><ul><li>All that happened was that she got on to the wrong train. </li></ul><ul><li>Is everything finished? </li></ul><ul><li>Has all (of) the cake been eaten? </li></ul><ul><li>All (of) my friends have come to my party. </li></ul><ul><li>All of us are going to Sam's party next week. We 're all going. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>All of them were singing Happy Birthday. </li></ul><ul><li>They were all singing Happy Birthday </li></ul><ul><li>when the lights went out. Note from the above examples that all and all of are mainly used with uncountable (e.g. cake ) and plural (e.g. presents, friends ) nouns . With personal pronouns , two realisations are possible, e.g. all of us or we all. </li></ul><ul><li>All of us like coffee = We all like coffee </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>PRACTICE </li></ul><ul><li>1.Complete with all, every, everybody or everything </li></ul><ul><li>Example: My favourite TV programme is </li></ul><ul><li>on at 8.30 every Tuesday morning. </li></ul><ul><li>a. What time do you usually get up ___morning? </li></ul><ul><li>b. The weather was terrible yesterday, </li></ul><ul><li>so we spent ______ day at home. </li></ul><ul><li>c. I tried ______ key in the lock, but none </li></ul><ul><li>of them fitted. </li></ul><ul><li>d. ____enjoyed the film except Peter. </li></ul><ul><li>e. I’m really tired. ____I want to do is go to bed. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  10. 10. f . Listen to me please. I can explain ______. g. Has Sarah told you ____about her holiday in Austria? h. It was late when Mark arrived home and ____ was asleep. i. Did you remember to switch off ___ the lights? j. I believe ___ word he says. k. Have you packed _____into this suitcase? l. I learnt ___ I know about physics at school.
  11. 11. ANSWERS <ul><li>A. every </li></ul><ul><li>B. all </li></ul><ul><li>C. every </li></ul><ul><li>D. everybody </li></ul><ul><li>E. All </li></ul><ul><li>F. everything </li></ul><ul><li>G. All/ everything </li></ul><ul><li>H. everyone </li></ul><ul><li>I. all </li></ul><ul><li>J. every </li></ul><ul><li>K. everything </li></ul><ul><li>L. all </li></ul>

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